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Journal ArticleDOI

The Influences of Facebook on High School Students’ Pattern of Social Life: The Case of Harar City

20 Apr 2020-Vol. 4, Iss: 1, pp 66-90
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors investigate the multifaceted influences of Facebook on youth's pattern of social life and find that Facebook is a social medium that discourages social bond in one way and encourages in the other way.
Abstract: In today’s world, it seems that social media and youngsters are destined for each other as both are young, fast paced and ever changing. It has become very challenging to cultivate and socialize youngsters with patterned social norms due to the influences of media like television and Facebook. Educators are challenged more seriously than ever before to teach youngster, as students are using Facebook at school and home. The aim of this study was to investigate the multifaceted influences of Facebook on youth's pattern of social life. Both quantitative and qualitative methods of data collection were employed to collect the data. Questionnaire, interview schedule and key informant interviews were data collection tools used to collect the quatitative and qualitative data respectively. The study founded that, Facebook is a social medium that discourages social bond in one way and encourages in the other way. By networking peers online, it enhances strong affiliation among Facebook friends while by letting them ignore people who are nearby, it debilitates face to face to face personal interactions. Anonymous Facebook users can meet in ‘chat rooms’ and discuss on topics of their choices with the person they do not know before and this type of electronic friendship and interaction may grow up and leads to virtual physical face-to-face contacts. Facebook is therefore, a platform for youths to discuss and interact on the issues of mutual curiosity which could enhance and promote synchronization of friends on the one side and inflammatory rhetoric conflicts on the other side, which implies the inevitable and multidimensional influences of Facebook on the youth’s social life

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Citations
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Journal Article
TL;DR: Singer and Singer's Handbook of Children and the Media as mentioned in this paper was one of the first books to address the impact of media on growing children and children's education, and has been widely used in the literature.
Abstract: Handbook of Children and the Media Dorothy G. Singer and Jerome L. Singer, eds. Los Angeles, CA: Sage Publications, 2012. Tables, charts, indexes. 803 pp. $150.00 cloth. isbn: 978141298249"Sir, is this your bag?" The TSA agent looked serious. "Yes," I responded, surprised. As a frequent traveler, I have become adapt at moving smoothly through airport screening lines. Why was my laptop-free bag being searched? She reached in my bag and pulled out the second edition of Singer and Singer's Handbook of Children and the Media. To my amazement, she dropped the heavy 803-page hardcover onto a stainless steel examination table and began carefully swiping the inside pages for explosive residue. She told me the thick hardcover was blocking the x-ray machine's view of my bag's contents.This raises some questions. If a hardcover book is an outlier for our national airport security system, are the ideas it contains-frozen in ink and on paper- equally as troublesome? Or does this heavy book achieve its intellectually heavy goal "to review, through the contributions of research experts, the past and potential future impact of the electronic media on growing children" (p. 3). The answer is yes to both questions.The book meets its goal in part due to the skill, experience, and deep scholarly connections of the editors-Jerome and Dorothy Singer, the Yale-based husbandand- wife team who have been conducting and reviewing research on children's television since 1961, when former Federal Communications Commission chair man Newton Minnow called the medium a vast wasteland. The historical frame, which stretches back to media as cave drawings, is provided in the introduction as well as in each of three sections, containing, in all, thirty-five articles from sixty-four researchers. Short biographies, with research interests and university affiliations, appear for each, which makes it possible to spot that all but three writers come from the United States.Part 1is the largest and the most useful part of the book, with twenty-three articles loosely organized under the heading "The Popular Media as Educators and Socializers of Growing Children." Its buffet of themes have appeared throughout television-inspired discourse for the last sixty years, many massaged here, sans specifics, to account for new digital media. Many of the articles follow a similar pattern: they state that older children are spending vast amounts of time-seven hours and thirty-eight minutes per day, to cite Vicky Ridout's 2010 Kaiser Family Foundation survey-with various forms of media, and then they look at what this means from different angles. The well-worn media worries are present and accounted for, including video game violence (Anderson, Gentile, and Dill), reducing (or enhancing) creativity (Valkenburg and Calvert), food marketing (Battle Horgen, Harris, and Brownell), gender stereotyping (Signorielli), advertising (Kunkel and Castonguay), and drugs (Strasburger). …

85 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
29 Oct 2018
TL;DR: In this article, the authors discussed the political participation of new voters of WhatsApp users in the city of Medan in the governor election of Sumatra Province in 2018, and they used the theory of public sphere and contagion.
Abstract: This article discusses the political participation of new voters of WhatsApp users in the city of Medan in the governor election of Sumatra Province in 2018. The purpose of the study was to find out about the understanding of democracy and the level of political participation of new voters who use WhatsApp social media as a political discussion. Beginner voters are defined as community members who have the right to vote, aged 17-21 years or have/have been married and registered as a Permanent Voter List. In order to approach the research problem, this study uses the theory of public sphere and contagion. Public sphere is a digital space where critical, rational and objective discussion is transmitted to others. The problem in this study focused on how political participation of new voters who use WhatsApp in city of Medan in North Sumatra gubernatorial election 2018?. Can WhatsApp social media be considered a public sphere in the digital age? The results of the study show that the political participation of new voters of WhatsApp users has increased significantly but the understanding of democracy is co-opted in the politics of identity. Digital democracy is castrated by politics of identity because of the social situation, family environment, relatives and peers, the influence of the pulpit and the religious scriptures and ethnic communities. Then, WhatsApp social media is not a public sphere but 'mono sphere' or 'solo sphere' which is privatized as a limited discussion room with family, relatives, peers, friends of religion and ethnic friends.

4 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
19 Oct 2019
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors used a qualitative method with interviews as a data collection technique to find out and describe the construction of women's ecological sustainability in Jember, which includes water management, power management, transportation use, and waste management.
Abstract: The background of this research about environmental problems, such as loss of soil fertility, depletion of groundwater, river pollution, waste management, seem to be a phenomenon that is happening right now. Human dependence on nature is increasingly critical, but it is not balanced with an awareness of environmental preservation. The purpose of this research is to find out and describe the construction of women's ecological sustainability in Jember. This construction includes water management, power management, transportation use, and waste management. This study uses a qualitative method with interviews as a data collection technique. The informants of this study were selected from six villages in Jember, namely Karangrejo, Antirogo, Tegalgede, Kalisat, Sumbersari, and TegalBesar villages. This study uses a purposive method, especially housewives whose activities relate to these indicators. The results showed that women had limited knowledge construction about ecological sustainability. This construction develops based on daily experience and individual knowledge of the ecological preservation models around them. Therefore, household waste is often found scattered in the ecosystem.

3 citations

Journal Article
TL;DR: Indo-Pacific has been used with increasing frequency since the beginning of this decade, and its increasing usage today is the recognition of India's strengths and its role in the region.
Abstract: The emergence of India in the 21st century completes the creation of a composite region which could best be described by the term 'Indo-Pacific'. Sitting atop strategic trade routes linking the West with East Asia, India is the fulcrum of a region spreading from Bab-al-Mandab and the Straits of Hormuz through the Malacca and the South China Sea to Australia and the Western Pacific. The wider Indo-Pacific region, spreading from India to the Western Pacific, is home to over 3.5 billion people, with a combined Gross Domestic Product of over $20 trillion. It has three of the four largest economies in the world, i.e., China, Japan and India, and a substantive part of the world's seaborne trade, including that required for food and energy security. With globalization and the consequent compression of geographic spaces, 'Indo- Pacific' has come to reflect contemporary reality, and become a good way of describing the region to which the global centre of gravity is shifting. As it assumes its rightful place in the comity of nations, India would provide balance and stability to this region which has historically been an area connected to it through trade and, more importantly, through the dissemination of its ideas.The first decade of the 21st century witnessed India growing at a remarkable pace. We are today in a period of pause before India takes another leap forward. Its people expect this, and the region requires it. India brings with it ideas that are unique to its genius, and which promote peace and harmony. It is this philosophical construct that is contained in the teachings of Lord Buddha, so subliminally intrinsic to the ethos of the region. It is this which encouraged Nehru to dream of 'cooperation in Asia-Pacific', an idea he promoted at the first Asian Relations Conference in March 1947, in New Delhi. It is this idea that informs the concept of Panch-Sheel, and it is this idea that Nehru took to Bandung. It is armed with this, and its considerable other strengths, that India joins the debate for the construction of the new architecture for the Indo-Pacific.The debate on the Indo-Pacific comes at a time of significant progress in India's 'Look East Policy', an important connect of India to the Asia-Pacific. It is understandable that this concept is assuming growing relevance with the rise of India, and the enhancement of India's engagement with the Asia- Pacific. This engagement is of particular importance when, in response to the changing geopolitics and its effects on the countries of the region and on their strategic priorities, Asian countries-including India-are trying to create networks addressing common challenges, and creating a regional architecture to promote growth and prosperity, peace and stability. This would be done best in an inclusive and holistic manner, and in a composite region represented by the Indo-Pacific.The term Indo-Pacific has been used with increasing frequency since the beginning of this decade, and its increasing usage today is the recognition of India's strengths and its role in the region. While speaking at Honolulu in October 2010, US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton used it to describe 'a newly emerging integrated geographical and strategic reality'. In December 2012, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh used the term during the ASEAN-India Commemorative Summit, stating that ASEAN-India's 'future is inter-linked, and a stable, secure and prosperous Indo-Pacific region is crucial for our own progress and prosperity'. In its 2013 Defence White Paper, Australia mentioned the idea of the Indo Pacific, highlighting the strategic connections between the Indian and Pacific Oceans through trade routes and energy flows. ICWA held a seminar in March 2013 on the 'Indo-Pacific Region: Political and Strategic Prospects' in which similar ideas were articulated.Bound by the Himalayas in the north, India has naturally focused on the sea to enhance its connectivity, especially through the Indian Ocean which extends from the eastern shores of Africa in the west to Australia and the Pacific in the east. …

1 citations

References
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This publication contains reprint articles for which IEEE does not hold copyright and which are likely to be copyrighted.
Abstract: Social network sites SNSs are increasingly attracting the attention of academic and industry researchers intrigued by their affordances and reach This special theme section of the Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication brings together scholarship on these emergent phenomena In this introductory article, we describe features of SNSs and propose a comprehensive definition We then present one perspective on the history of such sites, discussing key changes and developments After briefly summarizing existing scholarship concerning SNSs, we discuss the articles in this special section and conclude with considerations for future research

14,912 citations


"The Influences of Facebook on High ..." refers background in this paper

  • ...It is timely issue to study the potential hazards and constructive contributions accompanied with the advancement of these technologies on the youngsters’ social life (Boyd and Ellison 2007)....

    [...]

Posted Content
danah boyd1
TL;DR: This article examined American youth engagement in networked publics and considered how properties unique to such mediated environments (e.g., persistence, searchability, replicability, and invisible audiences) affect the ways in which youth interact with one another.
Abstract: Social network sites like MySpace and Facebook serve as "networked publics." As with unmediated publics like parks and malls, youth use networked publics to gather, socialize with their peers, and make sense of and help build the culture around them. This article examines American youth engagement in networked publics and considers how properties unique to such mediated environments (e.g., persistence, searchability, replicability, and invisible audiences) affect the ways in which youth interact with one another. Ethnographic data is used to analyze how youth recognize these structural properties and find innovative ways of making these systems serve their purposes. Issues like privacy and impression management are explored through the practices of teens and youth participation in social network sites is situated in a historical discussion of youth's freedom and mobility in the United States.

2,125 citations


"The Influences of Facebook on High ..." refers methods in this paper

  • ...Secondary data were also collected by visiting Facebook profiles of some students through secondary analysis (Boyd 2007)....

    [...]

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A meta-analytic review of the video-game research literature reveals that violent video games increase aggressive behavior in children and young adults and that playing violent videogames also decreases prosocial behavior.
Abstract: Research on exposure to television and movie violence suggests that playing violent video games will increase aggressive behavior. A meta-analytic review of the video-game research literature reveals that violent video games increase aggressive behavior in children and young adults. Experimental and nonexperimental studies with males and females in laboratory and field settings support this conclusion. Analyses also reveal that exposure to violent video games increases physiological arousal and aggression-related thoughts and feelings. Playing violent video games also decreases prosocial behavior.

1,978 citations


"The Influences of Facebook on High ..." refers background in this paper

  • ...Because, Facebook is not merely a boon that leaves our youth more socially connected, rather as many voices warn it may affect the quality of face to face personal interactions (Anderson and Bushman 2001)....

    [...]

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The problem of metropolitan government is often referred to as the problem of "too many governments and not enough government" as mentioned in this paper, and the diagnosis is that there are too many governments in a metropolitan area and there are not enough local authorities to deal directly with the range of problems which they share in common.
Abstract: Allusions to the “problem of metropolitan government” are often made in characterizing the difficulties supposed to arise because a metropolitan region is a legal non-entity. From this point of view, the people of a metropolitan region have no general instrumentality of government available to deal directly with the range of problems which they share in common. Rather there is a multiplicity of federal and state governmental agencies, counties, cities, and special districts that govern within a metropolitan region.This view assumes that the multiplicity of political units in a metropolitan area is essentially a pathological phenomenon. The diagnosis asserts that there are too many governments and not enough government. The symptoms are described as “duplication of functions” and “overlapping jurisdictions.” Autonomous units of government, acting in their own behalf, are considered incapable of resolving the diverse problems of the wider metropolitan community. The political topography of the metropolis is called a “crazy-quilt pattern” and its organization is said to be an “organized chaos.” The prescription is reorganization into larger units—to provide “a general metropolitan framework” for gathering up the various functions of government. A political system with a single dominant center for making decisions is viewed as the ideal model for the organization of metropolitan government. “Gargantua” is one name for it.

1,723 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The authors surveys three prominent theories of foreign policy and shows how the works under review set out a compelling alternative, one that updates and systematizes insights drawn from classical realist thought.
Abstract: Although international relations theory has been dominated for two decades by debates over theories of international politics, recently there has been a surge of interest in theories of foreign policy. These seek to explain, not the pattern of outcomes of state interactions, but rather the behavior of individual states. The author surveys three prominent theories of foreign policy and shows how the works under review set out a compelling alternative, one that updates and systematizes insights drawn from classical realist thought. Neoclassical realism argues that the scope and ambition of a country's foreign policy is driven first and foremost by the country's relative material power. Yet it contends that the impact of power capabilities on foreign policy is indirect and complex, because systemic pressures must be translated through intervening unit-level variables such as decision-makers’ perceptions and state structure. Understanding the links between power and policy thus requires close examination of both the international and the domestic contexts within which foreign policy is formulated and implemented.

1,191 citations

Trending Questions (1)
How facebook usage changes teens perspective?

Facebook usage can both enhance and discourage social interactions among teens, leading to changes in their perspective on personal relationships and socialization.