The issue of the display of sensitive information in the state land cadastre and its publicity in the conditions military conflict
01 Jan 2022-Zemleustrìj, kadastr ì monìtorìng zemelʹ-Iss: 4
TL;DR: In this article , the authors proposed to classify them at the legislative level in terms of levels of sensitivity, methods of use, access regulations, and to define lists of sensitive information and ways of displaying it.
Abstract: The goal of the scientific work was to justify the need during the war in Ukraine to find a balance in the issue of limiting access to sensitive in terms of state and public security open data in the State Land Cadastre system to ensure the interests of national security and public interests. Information of interest to the aggressor should become inaccessible. This data selection should be made by the military and the Security Service and should not be publicly displayed. On the other hand – the rest of the information should be used by specialists in the field of geodesy and land management, construction and architecture, local self-government bodies with a certain number of persons with access to data. The author's proposal is also that access to data, including open data, should be regulated and authorized. So it is proposed to classify them at the legislative level in terms of levels of sensitivity, methods of use, access regulations, and to define lists of sensitive information and ways of displaying it. The need to change the attitude towards information resources as free resources and transfer information to the status of an intangible asset with licensed access (analogue – software) was noted, because the introduction of information into economic circulation will cause the growth of the economy. It is proposed that upon the end of martial law, the restrictions that were in force under these conditions should be reviewed, amendments to the legislation should be introduced into the regulations of the State Land Cadastre, and the composition, content, and distribution capacity of the cartographic base of the Public Cadastre Map should be updated.
TL;DR: In this article , the adoption of the adopted changes to the land legislation and legal acts regulating land relations during the martial law has been investigated, and it was proved that their adoption was not done in a systematic way.
Abstract: On the basis of the analysis of the adopted changes to the land legislation and legal acts regulating land relations during the martial law, it was proved that their adoption was not done in a systematic way. It was found that the established special rules related to the implementation of land management and disposal of land plots for the period of martial law have different goals. It is about simplifying the procedure for disposal of agricultural lands – on the one hand, and on the other hand – activities in the field of land management, land cadastre and land valuation are complicated. It is substantiated that the changes that were made urgently highlighted the problem of imperfect land legislation in general, since the land legislation in force before the start of the war was designed exclusively for peacetime, because the issues of public access to sensitive information, such as: cartographic information, information on the purpose of land plots, names of land uses, names of subjects of land relations, etc. It has been established that the problem related to the provision of business entities and citizens under martial law for the provision of services for the preparation of land management documentation, topographical, geodetic and cartographic works has been resolved. For this purpose, the provision of special permits by the Security Service of Ukraine has been introduced. The urgent need for systematic adjustment of land legislation, both in the context of land management during the period of martial law and after its end (recovery period), as well as the need for harmonization of legislation in connection with European integration, which will become the basis for further research, is substantiated.
28 Feb 2018
25 Nov 2020
TL;DR: The possibility and expediency of using the ideology of geospatial data infrastructure (hereinafter NIGD) to create a system of accounting and management of land complexes of enterprises and local communities, including UTC, is considered in this article.
Abstract: The possibility and expediency of using the ideology of geospatial data infrastructure (hereinafter NIGD) to create a system of accounting and management of land complexes of enterprises and local communities, including UTC, is considered. The need to create accounting systems and management of land and property complexes is due to: large-scale transition to digital technologies in the management of enterprises, institutions and territories, real estate taxation, decentralization processes, the creation of the National Geospatial Data Infrastructure. The necessity to take into account the principles and standards of the national infrastructure of geospatial data is substantiated. Areas have been formed in which information on land and property complexes can be used to fill the National Infrastructure of geospatial data and justify management decisions. Among the key issues that will ensure the use of the ideology of NIGD to create a system of accounting and management of land complexes of enterprises and local communities, including UTC, it is necessary to address the interoperability of data on land complexes, the use of a single cartographic basis, principles and data validation procedures, data error correction, data access mechanisms for process participants, reusability and data licensing.
03 Mar 2021
TL;DR: In this paper, a fragment of 3-digit classification of agricultural lands is proposed, in which hierarchically placed interrelated indicators characterizing the legal regime of land use and their physical condition (physical block of land classifier) are placed hierarchically.
Abstract: The existing scientific and methodological approaches to the classification of agricultural lands both in Ukraine and abroad are analysed. It is established that modern classifications of lands should be formed based on such principles as complexity, exhaustiveness, hierarchy and legality; meet the requirements of automated technologies for maintaining the state land cadastre and land monitoring; take into account the recommendations of the European Economic Commission at the UN. Comprehensiveness of identifying of all potentially possible land uses, which will facilitate effective state control over land use in accordance with their intended purpose will be ensured through a comprehensive approach to the development of land classification; its consistency with other current state classification systems in the field of nature management and the use of clearly defined target criteria, parameters and features, the system of which is determined by the specific scope and requirements of the relevant user groups – through a systematic approach. A fragment of 3-digit classification of agricultural lands is proposed, in which hierarchically placed interrelated indicators characterizing the legal regime of land use (legal block of land classifier) and their physical condition (physical block of land classifier) are placed hierarchically. In order to legally consolidate the categories “type, subtype, variety of lands” that form the basis of the physical block of the land classifier, it is necessary to make appropriate changes to the national land legislation.