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The Modern Kurdish Short Story

01 Jan 2016-
TL;DR: In this article, the focus of a study is on the short story, read from the viewpoint of literary history, and the political course of events in Kurdistan, and political and social circumstances which fol...
Abstract: The focus of this study is on the Kurdish short story, read from the viewpoint of literary history. The political course of events in Kurdistan, and the political and social circumstances which fol ...
Citations
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Journal ArticleDOI
01 Jun 2018
TL;DR: It is shown that from Natural language processing and computational linguistics perspectives the revised BLARK provides a more applicable view of languages with similar characteristics to Kurdish.
Abstract: In this paper we introduce the Kurdish BLARK (Basic Language Resource Kit). The original BLARK has not considered multi-dialect characteristics and generally has targeted reasonably well-resourced languages. To consider these two features, we extended BLARK and applied the proposed extension to Kurdish. Kurdish language not only faces a paucity in resources, but also embraces several dialects within a complex linguistic context. This paper presents the Kurdish BLARK and shows that from Natural language processing and computational linguistics perspectives the revised BLARK provides a more applicable view of languages with similar characteristics to Kurdish.

21 citations

Book
01 Jan 2001
TL;DR: In this paper, the major intellectual positions in the philosophical debate on Islamic law that is occuring in contemporary Iran are analyzed and analyzed to what extent these positions and their understanding of questions of epistemology, methodology and hermeneutics are engendered by the cognitive and ontological structures of modernity.
Abstract: This study analyses the major intellectual positions in the philosophical debate on Islamic law that is occuring in contemporary Iran. As the characteristic features of traditional epistemic considerations have a direct bearing on the modern development of Islamic legal thought, the contemporary positions are initially set against the established normative repertory of Islamic tradition. It is within this broad examination of a living legacy of interpretation that the context for the concretisations of traditional as well as modern Islamic learning are enclosed. After the 1979 revolution, the problem of the renewal of Islamic law has acquired great urgency and there is an ongoing debate as to the best legal solutions to many problems facing contemporary society given that there is no clear position under many areas of traditional jurisprudence. Among the pivotal figures who are considered in this respect are primarily Άbdullāh Jawādī-Āmulī (traditionalism), Muḥammad Mujtahid-Shabistarī (modernism) and Άbd al-Karīm Surūsh (postmodernism), but other individuals who belong to the Islamic intellectual elite of Iran are also included. In the main the position of Surūsh is highlighted, since his post-1988 writings on the nature of Islamic law, legal epistemology and hermeneutics accommodate Islam to modernity to an extent unsurpassed in the Iranian context.In light of the relationship between global modernity and the religion of Islam, the purpose of this book is to analyse to what extent these positions and their understanding of questions of epistemology, methodology and hermeneutics are engendered by the cognitive and ontological structures of modernity. The major argument presented is that modernity no longer is categorically conceptualised as an externalphenomenon among many religious intellectuals, but that there is instead an effort on their part to develop indigenous expressions of its driving principles. In an attempt to define some of the contents of a supposed Islamic modernity, this study suggests that Islamic postmodernism has paradigmatic relevance and reflects a thoroughly transitional phenomenon within Shi’i speculation on divine law.

7 citations

Book
01 Jan 2005
TL;DR: In this article, the authors provide a description of the standardization process of Persian orthography since the introduction of the Arabic alphabet, with a focus on this process in modern times (1850-2000).
Abstract: The present study provides a description of the standardization process of Persian orthography since the introduction of the Arabic alphabet, with a focus on this process in modern times (1850-2000). Using theories related to orthography standardization as its background, this work seeks an explanation for the prolonged standardization process of Persian orthography, and presents the frameworks within which this standardization has been carried out. The most recent state of Persian orthography is presented through an investigation of the current attitudes towards the problems of Persian orthography and possible frameworks for a potential reform, as well as through an investigation of the current tendencies in the manner of presenting different orthographic parameters within Persian contemporary texts. How and by whom the orthography of today’s Persian texts is governed is another aspect to be examined here.The most important conclusion to be drawn from the present study is that there is a strong tendency towards approving reform proposals that can be integrated with the present orthography, and maintain the present appearance of Persian orthography as much as possible. One of the main reasons behind this tendency is the concern of an interruption in cultural continuity in the event of an alphabet reform or any other drastic change in the present appearance of the orthography. This concern takes into account the political, social, cultural, structural, and economic conditions in Iran, as well as the complexity of language planning projects.

7 citations

01 Jan 2011
TL;DR: In this paper, a study of contemporary Pashto prose writing in a context of war and crisis based on a corpus of digitally published and/or printed short stories from the 1990s onwards is presented.
Abstract: This dissertation is a study of contemporary Pashto prose writing in a context of war and crisis based on a corpus of digitally published and/or printed short stories from the 1990s onwards. Out of ...

5 citations

References
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Journal ArticleDOI
01 Oct 1993-Nature
TL;DR: The Origins of Order: Self-Organization and Selection in Evolution by Stuart A. Kauffman as discussed by the authors is a seminal work in the field of evolutionary biology. Pp. 709.
Abstract: The Origins of Order: Self-Organization and Selection in Evolution. By Stuart A. Kauffman. Oxford University Press: 1993. Pp. 709. $75, £55 (hbk); $29.95, £17.95 (pbk).

429 citations

Book
31 Dec 2006
TL;DR: This dissertation is a synchronic description of the Balochi language as spoken in Turkmenistan and its sound structure, word and phraselevel morphosyntax an ...
Abstract: This dissertation is a synchronic description of the Balochi language as spoken in Turkmenistan. The dissertation consists of three main parts: sound structure, word and phraselevel morphosyntax an ...

24 citations


"The Modern Kurdish Short Story" refers methods in this paper

  • ...In the same book, Gorān uses the term čīroknūs, a compound noun of the proper form according to the rules of Kurdish word construction, to denote a short story author/writer.(10) Gorān translated these short stories in the beginning of the 1940s while working at a Kurdish radio station in Jaffa that was set up by the Allies....

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01 Jan 2005
TL;DR: The authors examined language choice and code-switching patterns in the Azerbaijani speech community in Tehran, Iran, and two empirical studies have been combined, one involves a macro-socia...
Abstract: This study examines language choice and code-switching patterns found in the Azerbaijani speech community in Tehran, Iran. Two empirical studies have been combined. The first involves a macro-socia ...

18 citations


"The Modern Kurdish Short Story" refers background in this paper

  • ...At the same time, however, the publication introduces the new term čīrok nūsar, which is used to denote “writer or author of a short story”.(9) The word is incorrectly constructed according the rules of word construction in the Kurdish language....

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01 Jan 2011
TL;DR: In this paper, a study of contemporary Pashto prose writing in a context of war and crisis based on a corpus of digitally published and/or printed short stories from the 1990s onwards is presented.
Abstract: This dissertation is a study of contemporary Pashto prose writing in a context of war and crisis based on a corpus of digitally published and/or printed short stories from the 1990s onwards. Out of ...

12 citations


"The Modern Kurdish Short Story" refers methods in this paper

  • ...It is worth noting that it was printed using the Armenian alphabet.(17)...

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Book
30 Aug 2005
TL;DR: In this article, the authors attempt to understand and map the development of Persian writings on music, focusing on their various approaches and variations of topics from the beginning of the 11th century to the end of the 15th century which can be called the classical period of Persian writing on music.
Abstract: This dissertation is an attempt to understand and map the development of Persian writings on music, focusing on their various approaches and variations of topics from the beginning of the 11th century to the end of the 15th century which can be called the classical period of Persian writing on music The rise of Persian musical literature as a part of Persian learned literature was a result of the political and cultural decentralization of the Abbasid Caliphate Like most other genres of learned literature in Persian, translation and abridgements of and commentaries (sarhs) on Arabic works played a crucial role in the rise and es-tablishment of Persian musical literatureThe most important conclusions to be drawn from the present study are that we can distinguish between two main approaches in Persian writings on music, viz the religious and non-religious approaches, and that there is a pattern in the development of Persian writings on music which provides us with a periodization of the develop-ment of this literary genre According to the macro periodization of Persian writings on music which is presented in this study, we can identify five different stages in the development of the genre; 1) the initial period: ca 1000-1110; the first intermezzo: ca 1110 up to 1175; 3) the period of establishment: ca 1175-1299; 4) the first Golden Age of the genre: ca 1300-1435; 5) the second intermezzo: ca 1435-1500

8 citations


"The Modern Kurdish Short Story" refers background in this paper

  • ...The first short story published in Hawar, which came out with 57 issues between May 15, 1932 and August 15, 1943, is a short story by editor-in-chief Celadet Bedirxan, entitled Ber tevna mahfūrē (In Front of the Weaving Frame).(8) Throughout, the publication used the term čīrok....

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