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Journal ArticleDOI

The new mobilities paradigm for a live sociology

Mimi Sheller1
23 May 2014-Current Sociology (SAGE Publications)-Vol. 62, Iss: 6, pp 789-811
TL;DR: An overview of the field of mobilities research can be found in this paper, where the authors trace the theoretical antecedents to the study of mobility both within the classical sociological tradition and at its borders with other disciplines or theoretical schools.
Abstract: This article offers an overview of the field of mobilities research, tracing the theoretical antecedents to the study of mobilities both within the classical sociological tradition and at its borders with other disciplines or theoretical schools. It examines how ‘the new mobilities paradigm’ differs from earlier approaches to globalization, nomadism, and flow, and outlines some of the key themes and research areas within the field, in particular the concepts of mobility systems, mobility capital, mobility justice, and movement-space. In addressing new developments in mobile methodologies and realist ontologies, this review of the field concludes with a call for an emergent vital sociology that is attentive to its own autopoiesis.
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08 Sep 1978-Science

5,182 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Flexible Citizenship: The Cultural Logics of Transnationality by Aihwa Ong as discussed by the authors is a seminal work in the field of transnationality. ix. 322 pp., notes, bibliography, index.
Abstract: Flexible Citizenship: The Cultural Logics of Transnationality. Aihwa Ong. Durham, NIC: Duke University Press, 1999. ix. 322 pp., notes, bibliography, index.

1,517 citations

Journal ArticleDOI

1,479 citations

01 Sep 2003
TL;DR: This book develops a fresh and challenging perspective on the city and argues that too much contemporary urban theory is based on nostalgia for a humane, face-to-face and bounded city.
Abstract: This book develops a fresh and challenging perspective on the city. Drawing on a wide and diverse range of material and texts, it argues that too much contemporary urban theory is based on nostalgia for a humane, face-to-face and bounded city. Amin and Thrift maintain that the traditional divide between the city and the rest of the world has been perforated through urban encroachment, the thickening of the links between the two, and urbanization as a way of Quick links

633 citations

References
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Book
01 Jan 1996
TL;DR: The Rise of the Network Society as discussed by the authors is an account of the economic and social dynamics of the new age of information, which is based on research in the USA, Asia, Latin America, and Europe, it aims to formulate a systematic theory of the information society which takes account of fundamental effects of information technology on the contemporary world.
Abstract: From the Publisher: This ambitious book is an account of the economic and social dynamics of the new age of information. Based on research in the USA, Asia, Latin America, and Europe, it aims to formulate a systematic theory of the information society which takes account of the fundamental effects of information technology on the contemporary world. The global economy is now characterized by the almost instantaneous flow and exchange of information, capital and cultural communication. These flows order and condition both consumption and production. The networks themselves reflect and create distinctive cultures. Both they and the traffic they carry are largely outside national regulation. Our dependence on the new modes of informational flow gives enormous power to those in a position to control them to control us. The main political arena is now the media, and the media are not politically answerable. Manuel Castells describes the accelerating pace of innovation and application. He examines the processes of globalization that have marginalized and now threaten to make redundant whole countries and peoples excluded from informational networks. He investigates the culture, institutions and organizations of the network enterprise and the concomitant transformation of work and employment. He points out that in the advanced economies production is now concentrated on an educated section of the population aged between 25 and 40: many economies can do without a third or more of their people. He suggests that the effect of this accelerating trend may be less mass unemployment than the extreme flexibilization of work and individualization of labor, and, in consequence, a highly segmented socialstructure. The author concludes by examining the effects and implications of technological change on mass media culture ("the culture of real virtuality"), on urban life, global politics, and the nature of time and history. Written by one of the worlds leading social thinkers and researchers The Rise of the Network Society is the first of three linked investigations of contemporary global, economic, political and social change. It is a work of outstanding penetration, originality, and importance.

15,639 citations


"The new mobilities paradigm for a l..." refers background or methods in this paper

  • ...Yet other mobilities theorists, influenced by social studies of science and technology, in particular actor-network theory and Bruno Latour’s (1987) analyses of ‘immutable’ and ‘mutable mobiles’, pay close attention to a whole range of infrastructures, technical objects, prostheses, and embodied practices that assist (or disable) mobility (Büscher et al., 2010; Latour, 1993)....

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  • ...…most important contributions of mobilities research is the lively experimentation with multiple methods, and the creation of new ‘mobile methods’ that can capture, perform, and even intervene in processes of movement as they happen (see Büscher et al., 2010; Fincham et al., 2010; Mobilities 6(2))....

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  • ...It engenders new kinds of researchable entities, a new or rediscovered realm of the empirical and new avenues for critique’ (Büscher et al., 2010: 2)....

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  • ...Yet other mobilities theorists, influenced by social studies of science and technology, in particular actor-network theory and Bruno Latour’s (1987) analyses of ‘immutable’ and ‘mutable mobiles’, pay close attention to a whole range of infrastructures, technical objects, prostheses, and embodied practices that assist (or disable) mobility (Büscher et al., 2010; Latour, 1993). Everything from shoes and bikes, mobile phones and motor vehicles, passports and satellites, software code and embedded sensors, laws and zoning codes, are part of the sociotechnical assemblages or human/material hybrids that perform mobility systems (which Cresswell [2014] argues are also always immobility systems, with elements of viscosity, stickiness, coagulation or friction)....

    [...]

  • ...…in particular actor-network theory and Bruno Latour’s (1987) analyses of ‘immutable’ and ‘mutable mobiles’, pay close attention to a whole range of infrastructures, technical objects, prostheses, and embodied practices that assist (or disable) mobility (Büscher et al., 2010; Latour, 1993)....

    [...]

Book
01 Jan 1996

12,313 citations


"The new mobilities paradigm for a l..." refers background in this paper

  • ...The concept of ‘technoscape’, derived from Arjun Appadurai (1996), emphasizes ‘that contemporary landscapes are shot through with technological elements which enrol people, space, and the elements connecting people and spaces, into socio-technical assemblages – especially the transportational…...

    [...]

  • ...Mobilities research also draws on anthropological approaches to the relation between ‘routes and roots’ (Clifford, 1997), various ‘scapes’ (Appadurai, 1996), and transnational connections (Hannerz, 1996)....

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  • ...The concept of ‘technoscape’, derived from Arjun Appadurai (1996), emphasizes ‘that contemporary landscapes are shot through with technological elements which enrol people, space, and the elements connecting people and spaces, into socio-technical assemblages – especially the transportational technologies, such as roads, rail, subways and airports, but also the informational technologies such as signs, schedules, surveillance systems, radio signals, and mobile telephony’ (Sheller and Urry, 2006a: 9)....

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Book
01 Jan 1991
TL;DR: This article argued that we are modern as long as we split our political process in two - between politics proper, and science and technology, which allowed the formidable expansion of the Western empires.
Abstract: What makes us modern? This is a classic question in philosophy as well as in political science. However it is often raised without including science and technology in its definition. The argument of this book is that we are modern as long as we split our political process in two - between politics proper, and science and technology. This division allows the formidable expansion of the Western empires. However it has become more and more difficult to maintain this distance between science and politics. Hence the postmodern predicament - the feeling that the modern stance is no longer acceptable but that there is no alternative. The solution, advances one of France's leading sociologists of science, is to realize that we have never been modern to begin with. The comparative anthropology this text provides reintroduces science to the fabric of daily life and aims to make us compatible both with our past and with other cultures wrongly called pre-modern.

8,858 citations


"The new mobilities paradigm for a l..." refers background in this paper

  • ...…in particular actor-network theory and Bruno Latour’s (1987) analyses of ‘immutable’ and ‘mutable mobiles’, pay close attention to a whole range of infrastructures, technical objects, prostheses, and embodied practices that assist (or disable) mobility (Büscher et al., 2010; Latour, 1993)....

    [...]

Book
01 Jan 1987
TL;DR: In this article, the quandary of the fact-builder is explored in the context of science and technology in a laboratory setting, and the model of diffusion versus translation is discussed.
Abstract: Acknowledgements Introduction Opening Pandora's Black Box PART I FROM WEARER TO STRONGER RHETORIC Chapter I Literature Part A: Controversies Part B: When controversies flare up the literature becomes technical Part C: Writing texts that withstand the assaults of a hostile environment Conclusion: Numbers, more numbers Chapter 2 Laboratories Part A: From texts to things: A showdown Part B: Building up counter-laboratories Part C: Appealing (to) nature PART II FROM WEAR POINTS TO STRONGHOLDS Chapter 3 Machines Introduction: The quandary of the fact-builder Part A: Translating interests Part B: Keeping the interested groups in line Part C: The model of diffusion versus the model of translation Chapter 4 Insiders Out Part A: Interesting others in the laboratories Part B: Counting allies and resources PART III FROM SHORT TO LONGER NETWORKS Chapter 5 Tribunals of Reason Part A: The trials of rationality Part B: Sociologics Part C: Who needs hard facts? Chapter 6 Centres of calculation Prologue: The domestication of the savage mind Part A: Action at a distance Part B: Centres of calculation Part C: Metrologies Appendix 1

8,173 citations

Journal ArticleDOI

6,926 citations


"The new mobilities paradigm for a l..." refers background in this paper

  • ...Latour B (1987) Science in Action: How to Follow Scientists and Engineers Through Society....

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