The problem of the specification of peerness of land plots at the exchange aiming at land consolidation
01 Jan 2023-Zemleustrìj, kadastr ì monìtorìng zemelʹ-Vol. 2023, Iss: 1
TL;DR: In this article , the problem of identifying the peerness of land plots is scrutinized, i.e. the recognition of land items to be peer provided the difference of their values is less than 10%.
Abstract: The article scrutinizes the problem of land plots exchange with the aim of the spatial land improvement. At the current stage, the problem of the removal of overlapping of agricultural lands in agricultural land masses, elaboration and improvement of land consolidation mechanisms; the implementation of compulsory complex land consolidation is under discussion; there are preconditions of the improvement of the technical substantiation of land plot alienation for public needs. In this context, the problem of the identification of the peerness of land plots is scrutinized, i.e. the recognition of land plots to be peer provided the difference of their values is less than 10%. The study aims at the improvement of approaches to the definition of the affordable difference of land plots values which can be considered peer at the exchange. The provisions of legislation have been analysed which precondition the peer land plots exchange and specify the affordable difference of values of such land plots. It has been revealed that due to the vague definition of the affordable difference of land plot value, there is the uncertainty of 1/110 (≈0,9%) to 13/220 (≈5,9%) of the value of land plot. The existence of such mistake is firstly the reason for the disputes of the equal land plots exchange in the court, secondly, it is a hurdle for the voluntary involvement of landowners to land exchange. The specification of the definition of the affordable difference of land plots values which can be considered to be equal has been suggested. The results gained can be used at the definition of land plots as the equal at exchange and sublease; at the implementation of complex land consolidation; at the alteration of legal acts on land consolidation; at the modeling of land reallotment based on the heuristic or optimizational approach.
TL;DR: In this article, a comparative analysis of the suggested approaches and their practical approbation have been carried out and the change of land plot spatial characteristics by means of various reallotment scenarios has been analyzed.
Abstract: The study is dedicated to land reallotment in the course of land use alteration in Ukraine. The case of the development of an individual residential block in an agricultural area is considered. The issue of the alteration of the spatial characteristics of land plots and changes in their designated use have been highlighted. The objective of the article is the substantiation of land reallotment at the level of an individual residential block on agricultural land which is privately owned by a number of landowners. The preconditions for the development of land reallotment in a rural‑type settlement in the suburban area of a big city have been substantiated. Alternative approaches to land reallotment have been suggested. A comparative analysis of the suggested approaches and their practical approbation have been carried out. The change of land plot spatial characteristics in the course of reallotment by means of various reallotment scenarios has been analysed. Land plot value after reallotment in each scenario has been specified. The practicability of each approach depending on the initial conditions has been substantiated. The research can be used in the course of rural settlement development planning, the coordination of measures on land use type alteration with landowners and land users, with private landowners or the implementation of local community initiatives.
TL;DR: In this article , the problem of natural agricultural land afforestation with insufficient forest cover of the area is highlighted and the authors identify the main approaches to the issue of agricultural-land afforestation and propose land consolidation aimed at the rationalisation of agricultural and forest land management.
Abstract: The article highlights the problem of natural agricultural-land afforestation with insufficient forest cover of the area. The article purports to substantiate land consolidation aimed at the rationalisation of agricultural and forest land management in such conditions. The authors identify the main approaches to the issue of natural agricultural land afforestation. The afforested areas of agricultural land are suggested for redesignation as a forest resource as a result of a swap and reallotment of land plots. As an example, consolidation of available land, in the conditions of natural afforestation, has been accomplished based on a number of land masses in Chernihiv Oblast’, Ukraine. Resulting from the project implementation, better configuration and improved layout of agricultural land plots have been achieved, while the length and placement of country lanes have been optimized. The reforested agricultural areas within the specific land mass have been redesignated as a forest resource. The advantages and disadvantages of natural afforestation in land consolidation are identified in contrast to alternative approaches.The research findings can be used by territorial communities in the upgrade of land management practices, laying out and redesign of landscape parks and other nature conservation areas that include areas of business activity.
TL;DR: In this paper , the authors aimed at the promotion of voluntary land consolidation through the improvement of land plots exchange, and the issue of the existing land plots boundaries adjustment in the course of land consolidation has been singled out.
Abstract: The paper is aimed at the promotion of voluntary land consolidation through the improvement of land plots exchange. The issue of the existing land plots boundaries adjustment in the course of voluntary land consolidation has been singled out. Possibilities, advantages and risks of land plots exchange without changing the existing boundaries as a constituent of land consolidation measures have been substantiated. The improvement of approaches to land plots exchange modelling without the existing boundaries adjustment has been suggested. Demands to the formation of consolidated land tenures as the result of exchange have been singled out. Theory of combinations has been applied to specify land plots exchange options. Calculation formulas for the number of the optimal consolidated agricultural land tenure placement options have been suggested. The calculations can be applied in the optimization and heuristic approaches to land reallocation and at land consolidation performance evaluation. Suggested approaches facilitate the implementation of heuristic methods especially in non-standard conditions, allow to increase the number of developers, especially involving experts with little experience. The results can be used for land plots lease optimization.
01 Jan 2022
TL;DR: In this paper , the authors present the rationale for in-depth scientific research, including the use of Remote Sensing & GIS, as a prerequisite for the implementation of the category of land rent to the content of the normative monetary valuation of agricultural lands in Ukraine and the adoption of methodological principles for the valuation.
Abstract: SUMMARY The paper contains the rationale for in-depth scientific research, including the use of Remote Sensing & GIS, as a prerequisite for the implementation of the category of land rent to the content of the normative monetary valuation of agricultural lands in Ukraine and the adoption of methodological principles for the valuation.
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