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The Role of Communicative Concepts in Shaping Communication Messages in Firdausi's Shahnama

TL;DR: In this paper, the role of concepts in the formation of communication messages in Firdausi's Shahnama is analyzed and analyzed through qualitative and quantitative analysis using SPSS software.
Abstract: Shahnama is a symbol and a complete pattern of human communication. By creation of this great work of history, Firdausi has always kept alive the identity of Iran and has demonstrated all humanity and spirit of heroic epic of Iran. Thus, the existence of this glorious history is sufficient for each Iranian. Shahnama is a communication message in the form of a book and media for cultural development in Iran. This research is interdisciplinary, drawing connections between Persian literature and communication sciences as a new field of studies in communications, which has studied communicative concepts and theories in Shahnama. The study analyzes the role of concepts in the formation of communication messages in Firdausi’s Shahnama. The research method is qualitative content analysis and quantitative content analysis as well as study of documents. The study sample included 11 main stories of Shahnama which were 14,787 verses and were analyzed on both levels of qualitative and quantitative analysis. The concepts in Shahnama are categorized in four general categories of human concepts, spatial concepts, animal concepts and symbolic concepts which are studied and analyzed through qualitative and quantitative analysis using SPSS software.

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Citations
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Yamamoto and Yamamoto discuss how oral tradition inter-connects with Middle Eastern literature and present a Brill Studies in Middle Eastern Literatures (BSIL).
Abstract: KUMIKO YAMAMOTO Brill Studies in Middle Eastern Literatures, 26. Leiden & Boston: Brill, 2003. xxiv + 191 pp. ISBN 90 04 12587 6 The central argument of this book concerns how oral tradition intera...

16 citations

Posted Content
01 Jan 2015
TL;DR: In this article, the meaning of communication and organizational communication, purposes of communication in the organization, communication cycle in organizations, forms and flows of communication, threats to effective communication, and implications of these issues discussed for the modern organizational managers were also highlighted.
Abstract: Generally, the purpose of communication is aimed at facilitating the achievement of organizational objectives. Therefore, the primary management functions of any organization are greatly dependant on the effective use of communication. In the 21st century organizations, communication is used as the major instrument to motivate and stimulate workforce’s commitment towards the attainment of the organizational set goals. Managers must see communication beyond the mere traditional role of passing information or exchanging ideas. Rather, it should be seen as a management tool for knitting the organization together for the realization of the mission and vision of the organization. Based on this, the paper conceptually discussed the meaning of communication and organizational communication, purposes of communication in the organization, communication cycle in organizations, forms and flows of communication in organization and threats to effective communication. Also, the paper highlighted the modern communication technologies for organizational efficiency. The implications of these issues discussed for the modern organizational managers were also highlighted. Conclusion was reached in the paper based on the discussion.

4 citations


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References
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Book
01 Jan 1906
TL;DR: The classic work on the subject, A Literary History of Persia is still the standard work in the English language on Persia and her literature It spans four volumes (2256 pages) and took about twenty-five years to write Although it concentrates on Persian literature, it also surveys all aspects of Persian culture from Iranian pre-history to the twentieth century as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: The classic work on the subject, A Literary History of Persia is still the standard work in the English language on Persia and her literature It spans four volumes (2256 pages) and took about twenty-five years to write Although it concentrates on Persian literature, it also surveys all aspects of Persian culture from Iranian pre-history to the twentieth century The remarkable freshness and liveliness of Browne's prose will astonish readers In addition to being a work of reference it is book which may be read strictly for pleasure J T P De Bruijn's new introduction surveys the history, significance and continued value of the work

254 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors portrayed a life of Jiuju G. Kasai who dedicated his whole life to the advancement of friendly relations between the United States and Japan and confirmed the fact that he was both the patriot and the internationalist.
Abstract: I portrayed a life of Jiuju G. Kasai who dedicated his whole life to the advancement of friendly relations between the United States and Japan. I would like to confirm the fact that he was both the patriot and the internationalist.He was born on July 14, 1886 at a remote and lonely hamlet, along the River Fujikawa, then one of the rapidest rivers in Japan.As a schoolboy, he received his moral training by reading Chinese classics which his father commanded. At twelve, he entered Kdfu Middle School whose progressive as well as moralistic atmosphere implanted in him a longing for liberalism and a sense of independence.When Kasai finished the middle school in 1902, the immigration to the United States was at its height. The ambitious boy went down the Fujikawa, crossed the Pacific, and to Seattle, Washington.In 1905 he was admitted to Broadway High School in Seattle, and in 1909 to the University of Chicago to study U. S. history and American statesmen and finally in 1913 to Harvard to pursue further studies on the American Constitution. At the high school and the University of Chicago, his excellence in oratory won him prizes of highest distinction in all-campus competitions. His oratorical prize included a trip to Washington D. C. to meet Theodore Roosevelt, who was pleased to give him the “Life and Times of Abraham Lincoln. ” Apparently this book triggered his lifelong, steadfast admiration for Lincoln. He decided to go to Chicago, the heart of the Midwest, Lincoln's country, which was the A CRITICAL BIOGRAPHY JIUJI KASAI: THE PATRIOT AND THE INTERNATIONALIST backbone of the United States. The subject of his prize winning speech at Chicago was “The Mastery of the Pacific”, which called for joint American-Japanese cooperation for peace in the Pacific. This speech should be remem-bered as the prototype of his subsequent counter-anti-Japanese movement speeches and books.As to his active participation in political life, see Section 7 “A Chronological Record of Kasai's Main Political Activities. ”In 1929 he was elected to the Tokyo Municipal Assembly, and in 1936, in 1937, and in 1946 to the House of Representatives (the Diet). After he retired from political life he continued to work as a bridge between America and Japan through the Japanese-American Cultural Society, Inc. which he had founded in Tokyo on Linclon's birthday in 1947.He died on April 10, 1985 at his home in Tokyo at the age of 98 years.

178 citations

Book
01 Jan 1999
TL;DR: In this article, the authors of the 1999 British-Kuwait Friendship Society Prize in Middle Eastern Studies presented a ground-breaking work on a subject that has been almost totally neglected.
Abstract: Winner of the 1999 British-Kuwait Friendship Society Prize in Middle Eastern Studies Described by the BKFS reviewer as "A ground-breaking work on a subject that has been almost totally neglected" "Why write history in Persian?" Persian historical writing has received little attention as compared with Arabic, especially as seen in the early (pre-Mongol) period Within the larger context of the development of Islamic historiography from the tenth through the twelfth centuries, the case of Persian historical writing demands special attention Discussions tend to concentrate on its sources in pre-Islamic Persian and in Arabic works, while the reasons for its emergence, its connections with Iranian and Arabic models, its political and cultural functions, and its reception, have been virtually ignored This study answers these questions and addresses issues relating to the motivation for writing the works in question; its purpose; the role of the author, patrons and audiences; the choice of language and the reasons for that choice; the place of historical writing in the broader debate over the suitability of Persian for scholarly writing

79 citations

Book ChapterDOI
14 Apr 1983

72 citations