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Journal Article

The Shock of Alienation: From The Uprooted: The Epic Story of the Great Migrations that Made the American People

01 Jan 2007-Race \/ Ethnicity: Multidisciplinary Global Contexts (Indiana University Press)-Vol. 1, Iss: 1, pp 1-16
TL;DR: In this article, the authors express the solidarity they still feel with those who fled to the far side of the world and who will never see them again by sending their greetings.
Abstract: Letters bring the low voices across the sea. The unfa miliar pens grope for the proper words. When you ask somebody to write for you, you must go and treat him. Therefore you try yourself. In the store are printed forms. Sometimes they will do to transmit information. But you wish through this lifeless paper to do more than send news. With painful effort and at the sacrifice of precious time, you express the solidarity you still feel with those who stayed behind. The sheet is then the symbol of the ties that continue to bind. Ceremonial salutations, to my dearest ... to every him and her who filled the days of the old life and whom I will never see again. By this letter I kiss you. To the aged parents who bred and nurtured, who took trouble over, shed tears for me and now have none to comfort them; to the brother who shared my tasks and bed; to my comrades of the fields; to all the kin who joined in festivals; to the whole visible communion, the oneness, of the village that I have forfeited by emigration; to each I send my greetings. And with my greetings go wishes that you may have the sweet years of life, of health and happi ness, alas elusive there and here. They are wanderers to the wide world and often yearn to ward the far direction whence they have come. Why even the birds who fly away from their native places still hasten to go back. Can ever a man feel really happy condemned to live away from where he was born? Though by leaving he has cut himself off and knows he never will return, yet he hopes, by reaching backward, still to belong in the homeland. It is to that end that the husband and wife and older chil dren gather to assist in the composition; it is to that end that they assemble to read the reply. Little enough occurs to them that is worth recording, certainly not the monotonous struggle
Citations
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Transnationalism as mentioned in this paper defines the concept of transnationalism, provides a typology of this heterogeneous set of activities, and reviews some of the pitfalls in establishing and validating the topic as a novel research field.
Abstract: This introductory article defines the concept of transnationalism, provides a typology of this heterogeneous set of activities, and reviews some of the pitfalls in establishing and validating the topic as a novel research field. A set of guidelines to orient research in this field is presented and justified. Instances of immigrant political and economic transnationalism have existed in the past. We review some of the most prominent examples, but point to the distinct features that make the contemporary emergence of these activities across multiple national borders worthy of attention. The contents of this Special Issue and their bearing on the present understanding of this phenomenon and its practical implications are summarized.

2,094 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, data from a longitudinal sample of Cuban emigres are used to test competing hypotheses about the mode of incorporation of new immigrants into the U.S. labor market.
Abstract: Data from a longitudinal sample of Cuban emigres are used to test competing hypotheses about the mode of incorporation of new immigrants into the U.S. labor market. Classic theories of assimilation...

1,247 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Some of the pitfalls in contemporary immigration theory are examined and some of the most promising developments in research in this field are reviewed.
Abstract: "This essay examines some of the pitfalls in contemporary immigration theory and reviews some of the most promising developments in research in this field. As a data-driven field [of] study, immigration has not had to contend with grand generalizations for highly abstract theorizing. On the contrary, the bias has run in the opposite direction, that is toward ground-level studies of particular migrant groups or analysis of official migration policies. As the distillate of past research in the field and a source of guidance for future work, theory represents one of the most valuable products of our collective intellectual endeavor. Ways to foster it and problems presented by certain common misunderstandings about the meaning and scope of scientific theorizing are discussed." The geographical focus is on the United States.

851 citations

01 Jan 2001
TL;DR: The past, present, and future of social inequality are discussed in this paper, where Grusky and Srensen present a framework for the analysis of class structure in modern social stratification theories.
Abstract: Study Guide Preface and Acknowledgments Part I: Introduction The Past, Present, and Future of Social Inequality (David B. Grusky) Part II: Forms and Sources of Stratification The Functions of Stratification Some Principles of Stratification (Kingsley Davis & Wilbert E. Moore) The Dysfunctions of Stratification Some Principles of Stratification: A Critical Analysis (Melvin M. Tumin) Inequality by Design (Claude S. Fischer, Michael Hout, Martn Snchez Jankowski, Samuel R. Lucas, Ann Swidler, and Kim Voss) Concluding Commentary to Part Two New Light on Old Issues: The Relevance of "Really Existing Socialist Societies" for Stratification Theory (Gerhard Lenski) Part III: The Structure of Modern Stratification Theories of Class Marx and Post-Marxists Alienation and Social Classes (Karl Marx) Classes in Capitalism and Pre-Capitalism (Karl Marx) Ideology and Class (Karl Marx) Value and Surplus Value (Karl Marx) Class and Class Conflict in Industrial Society (Ralf Dahrendorf) Varieties of Marxist Conceptions of Class Structure (Erik Olin Wright) A General Framework for the Analysis of Class Structure (Erik Olin Wright) Class Conflict in the Capitalist World Economy (Immanuel Wallerstein) Weber and Post-Weberians Class, Status, Party (Max Weber) Status Groups and Classes (Max Weber) Open and Closed Relationships (Max Weber) The Rationalization of Education and Training (Max Weber) The Class Structure of the Advanced Societies (Anthony Giddens) Marxism and Class Theory: A Bourgeois Critique (Frank Parkin) Durkheim and Post-Durkheimians The Division of Labor in Society (Emile Durkheim) Are There Big Social Classes? (David B. Grusky and Jesper B. Srensen ) The Ruling Class and Elites Cassic Statements The Ruling Class (Gaetano Mosca) The Power Elite (C. Wright Mills) Elites and Power (Anthony Giddens) Contemporary Elites in "Mass Society," Capitalism, and Post-Capitalism The Political Class in the Age of Mass Society: Collectivistic Liberalism and Social Democracy (Edward A. Shils) The Inner Circle (Michael Useem) Post-Communist Managerialism

508 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The second generation upward mobility in the past is reviewed and the crucial comparisons between past and present are reviewed.
Abstract: "Is the contemporary second generation on the road to the upward mobility and assimilation that in retrospect characterized the second generation of earlier immigrations? Or are the American economic context and the racial origins of today's immigration likely to result in a much less favorable future for the contemporary second generation? While several recent papers have argued for the latter position, we suspect they are too pessimistic. We briefly review the second generation upward mobility in the past and then turn to the crucial comparisons between past and present."

401 citations

References
More filters
Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Transnationalism as mentioned in this paper defines the concept of transnationalism, provides a typology of this heterogeneous set of activities, and reviews some of the pitfalls in establishing and validating the topic as a novel research field.
Abstract: This introductory article defines the concept of transnationalism, provides a typology of this heterogeneous set of activities, and reviews some of the pitfalls in establishing and validating the topic as a novel research field. A set of guidelines to orient research in this field is presented and justified. Instances of immigrant political and economic transnationalism have existed in the past. We review some of the most prominent examples, but point to the distinct features that make the contemporary emergence of these activities across multiple national borders worthy of attention. The contents of this Special Issue and their bearing on the present understanding of this phenomenon and its practical implications are summarized.

2,094 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, data from a longitudinal sample of Cuban emigres are used to test competing hypotheses about the mode of incorporation of new immigrants into the U.S. labor market.
Abstract: Data from a longitudinal sample of Cuban emigres are used to test competing hypotheses about the mode of incorporation of new immigrants into the U.S. labor market. Classic theories of assimilation...

1,247 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Some of the pitfalls in contemporary immigration theory are examined and some of the most promising developments in research in this field are reviewed.
Abstract: "This essay examines some of the pitfalls in contemporary immigration theory and reviews some of the most promising developments in research in this field. As a data-driven field [of] study, immigration has not had to contend with grand generalizations for highly abstract theorizing. On the contrary, the bias has run in the opposite direction, that is toward ground-level studies of particular migrant groups or analysis of official migration policies. As the distillate of past research in the field and a source of guidance for future work, theory represents one of the most valuable products of our collective intellectual endeavor. Ways to foster it and problems presented by certain common misunderstandings about the meaning and scope of scientific theorizing are discussed." The geographical focus is on the United States.

851 citations

01 Jan 2001
TL;DR: The past, present, and future of social inequality are discussed in this paper, where Grusky and Srensen present a framework for the analysis of class structure in modern social stratification theories.
Abstract: Study Guide Preface and Acknowledgments Part I: Introduction The Past, Present, and Future of Social Inequality (David B. Grusky) Part II: Forms and Sources of Stratification The Functions of Stratification Some Principles of Stratification (Kingsley Davis & Wilbert E. Moore) The Dysfunctions of Stratification Some Principles of Stratification: A Critical Analysis (Melvin M. Tumin) Inequality by Design (Claude S. Fischer, Michael Hout, Martn Snchez Jankowski, Samuel R. Lucas, Ann Swidler, and Kim Voss) Concluding Commentary to Part Two New Light on Old Issues: The Relevance of "Really Existing Socialist Societies" for Stratification Theory (Gerhard Lenski) Part III: The Structure of Modern Stratification Theories of Class Marx and Post-Marxists Alienation and Social Classes (Karl Marx) Classes in Capitalism and Pre-Capitalism (Karl Marx) Ideology and Class (Karl Marx) Value and Surplus Value (Karl Marx) Class and Class Conflict in Industrial Society (Ralf Dahrendorf) Varieties of Marxist Conceptions of Class Structure (Erik Olin Wright) A General Framework for the Analysis of Class Structure (Erik Olin Wright) Class Conflict in the Capitalist World Economy (Immanuel Wallerstein) Weber and Post-Weberians Class, Status, Party (Max Weber) Status Groups and Classes (Max Weber) Open and Closed Relationships (Max Weber) The Rationalization of Education and Training (Max Weber) The Class Structure of the Advanced Societies (Anthony Giddens) Marxism and Class Theory: A Bourgeois Critique (Frank Parkin) Durkheim and Post-Durkheimians The Division of Labor in Society (Emile Durkheim) Are There Big Social Classes? (David B. Grusky and Jesper B. Srensen ) The Ruling Class and Elites Cassic Statements The Ruling Class (Gaetano Mosca) The Power Elite (C. Wright Mills) Elites and Power (Anthony Giddens) Contemporary Elites in "Mass Society," Capitalism, and Post-Capitalism The Political Class in the Age of Mass Society: Collectivistic Liberalism and Social Democracy (Edward A. Shils) The Inner Circle (Michael Useem) Post-Communist Managerialism

508 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The second generation upward mobility in the past is reviewed and the crucial comparisons between past and present are reviewed.
Abstract: "Is the contemporary second generation on the road to the upward mobility and assimilation that in retrospect characterized the second generation of earlier immigrations? Or are the American economic context and the racial origins of today's immigration likely to result in a much less favorable future for the contemporary second generation? While several recent papers have argued for the latter position, we suspect they are too pessimistic. We briefly review the second generation upward mobility in the past and then turn to the crucial comparisons between past and present."

401 citations