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Dissertation

The Uplifted Knife: Exploring the Boundaries of Self-defence

01 Jan 2015-
About: The article was published on 2015-01-01 and is currently open access. It has received 27 citations till now.
Citations
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Journal Article

133 citations

Journal Article
TL;DR: Wang et al. as discussed by the authors argued that legal positivism is an important legal school in western history of law, which plays a great role in the development of western legal thoughts.
Abstract: Legal positivism is an important legal school in western history of law, which plays a great role in the development of western legal thoughts. At the same time, legal positivism receives so many criticisms that people misunderstands it. In order to understand it correctly, this article firstly compares it with other similar concepts. Then this article focuses on the key topic of legal positivism: " separation thesis" and "social fact thesis". On the basis of them, this article defends for legal positivism. In the end,this article discusses the role of legal positivism in China and our suitable attitude to it.

67 citations

Posted Content
TL;DR: The ways in which human rights can be used to compel an approach to cases of domestic violence which requires state action to protect those harmed by domestic abuse are discussed.
Abstract: For too long human rights have been used to support a legal approach to domestic violence which is non-interventionist. This article discusses the ways in which human rights can be used to compel an approach to cases of domestic violence which requires state action to protect those harmed by domestic abuse. It argues that the state has an obligation to protect its citizens from torture, inhuman and degrading treatment and this obligation is heightened in respect of vulnerable adults and particularly children. Further, correctly understood, rights to respect for private and family life, rather than being a barrier to state intervention can be seen as justifying it.

37 citations

Book
01 Jan 2015

23 citations

Posted Content
TL;DR: The conventional wisdom in criminal law is that violence between strangers is a more serious crime than violence between individuals who know one another as mentioned in this paper, yet more violent crimes occur between people who are intimate partners, family members, friends, or acquaintances than between strangers.
Abstract: The conventional wisdom in criminal law is that violence between strangers is a more serious crime than violence between individuals who know one another. When asked about their crime concerns, most people respond that they fear becoming the victim of a violent crime at the hands of a stranger. Yet more violent crimes occur between people who are intimate partners, family members, friends, or acquaintances than between strangers. This Article identifies and examines arguments in favor of treating stranger violence more seriously, and it concludes that none of the arguments justifies the unequal treatment of stranger and non-stranger violence. The Article also identifies several affirmative reasons why violence in close personal relationships might be considered more serious than stranger violence. Ultimately, the Article concludes that non-stranger violence should be treated just as seriously as stranger violence, and it briefly explores a few practical challenges associated with the prevention and punishment of violence between non-strangers.

21 citations

References
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Sociological studies sensitive to the issue of place are rarely labeled thus, and at the same time there are far too many of them to fit in this review as discussed by the authors, and it may be a good thing that this research is seldom gathered up as a socology of place, for that could ghettoize the subject as something of interest only to geographers, architects, or environmental historians.
Abstract: Sociological studies sensitive to the issue of place are rarely labeled thus, and at the same time there are far too many of them to fit in this review. It may be a good thing that this research is seldom gathered up as a “sociology of place,” for that could ghettoize the subject as something of interest only to geographers, architects, or environmental historians. The point of this review is to indicate that sociologists have a stake in place no matter what they analyze, or how: The works cited below emplace inequality, difference, power, politics, interaction, community, social movements, deviance, crime, life course, science, identity, memory, history. After a prologue of definitions and methodological ruminations, I ask: How do places come to be the way they are, and how do places matter for social practices and historical change?

1,974 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: It is found that the outcome of a decision can be encoded in brain activity of prefrontal and parietal cortex up to 10 s before it enters awareness.
Abstract: There has been a long controversy as to whether subjectively 'free' decisions are determined by brain activity ahead of time. We found that the outcome of a decision can be encoded in brain activity of prefrontal and parietal cortex up to 10 s before it enters awareness. This delay presumably reflects the operation of a network of high-level control areas that begin to prepare an upcoming decision long before it enters awareness.

1,311 citations

BookDOI
01 Jan 2008
TL;DR: In this paper, the key contributions to environmental criminology to comprehensively define the field and synthesize the concepts and ideas surrounding environmental crime and crime analysis are discussed. And each chapter will analyze one of the twelve major elements of environmental crime in crime analysis.
Abstract: Environmental criminology is a generic label that covers a range of overlapping perspectives. At the core, the various strands of environmental criminology are bound by a common focus on the role that the immediate environment plays in the performance of crime, and a conviction that careful analyses of these environmental influences are the key to the effective investigation, control and prevention of crime. Environmental Crime and Crime Analysis brings together for the first time the key contributions to environmental criminology to comprehensively define the field and synthesize the concepts and ideas surrounding environmental criminology. The chapters are written by leading theorists and practitioners in the field. Each chapter will analyze one of the twelve major elements of environmental criminology and crime analysis. This book will be essential reading for both practitioners and undergraduate and postgraduate students taking courses in this subject.

355 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A brief survey of the desirable features of emotion theories that make them ideal blueprints for agent models, and a theory which postulates emotion-antecedent appraisal on different levels of processing that drive response system patterning predictions.
Abstract: Emotion is a cultural and psychobiological adaptation mechanism which allows each individual to react flexibly and dynamically to environmental contingencies. From this claim flows a description of the elements theoretically needed to construct a virtual agent with the ability to display human-like emotions and to respond appropriately to human emotional expression. This article offers a brief survey of the desirable features of emotion theories that make them ideal blueprints for agent models. In particular, the component process model of emotion is described, a theory which postulates emotion-antecedent appraisal on different levels of processing that drive response system patterning predictions. In conclusion, investing seriously in emergent computational modelling of emotion using a nonlinear dynamic systems approach is suggested.

318 citations