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Journal ArticleDOI

Thermal and Non-Newtonian Effects on the Steady State and Dynamic Characteristics of Hydrodynamic Journal Bearings—Theory and Experiments

01 Jan 1992-Tribology Transactions (Taylor & Francis Group)-Vol. 35, Iss: 3, pp 441-446

AbstractTheoretical investigations are carried out for a plain journal bearing considering the influence of thermal effects on non-Newtonian lubrication. With reasonable assumptions, the steady state and dynamic characteristics are presented using a thermohydrodynamic analysis of a bearing lubricated by a nonlinear, i.e., cubic, fluid model. Experiments are conducted on a rig to study the steady state and dynamic performance of a full journal bearing with different types of non-Newtonian lubricants. Experiments include the measurements of eccentricity ratio, critical speed, and stability limit. The theoretical investigation reveals that the interaction of the non-Newtonian effect and the thermohydrodynamic effect is strong for friction, and the interaction effect is negligible in the case of eccentricity ratio, attitude angle, and lubricant flow rate. Further, for relatively high values of non-Newtonian parameter, αn , the effect due to the non-Newtonian parameter is not negligible. Presented at the 46th Annual M...

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Citations
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Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to analyze the problems of tilting-pad thrust bearing static instability and lubrication performance under static bistability. Design/methodology/approach – The static equilibrium state of tilting-pad thrust bearing is analyzed, and key parameters are extracted from the general lubrication model. Then, a distribution area of bearing static equilibrium points is achieved by solving the model. The area is divided into three sub-areas which represent monostabillity, bistability and instability, and an unstable boundary of the area is discovered. By these findings, a reversible lubrication failure phenomenon is explained. A calculation method is proposed to obtain bearing lubrication performance under the bistability. Findings – The variation of working conditions can lead to migration of unstable boundary and static instability. After resuming the working conditions, unstable boundary will resume in situ, and the bearing will operate steadily again. Moreover, there is a...

4 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
01 Sep 1994
Abstract: Viscosity index improvers cause the lubricants to exhibit non-Newtonian flow behaviour and display shear thinning and normal stress differences. Shear thinning behaviour is studied by using a rotary shear viscometer. Owing to the non-availability of a rheogoniometer (for the measurement of normal stress differences), the first normal stress difference is calculated from the viscometric data using the Carreau viscosity function. The influence of the first normal stress difference on the hydrodynamic lubrication is analysed and shows that most of the commercial oils are inelasticoviscous in nature. Regression analysis shows that a large number of commercial lubricants follow the inelasticoviscous cubic law fluid model. Hence the cubic law fluid model is considered for the theoretical analysis.An experimental programme is developed to measure the effect of test parameters on the performance of a journal bearing lubricated with different types of non-Newtonian fluids. The experiments mainly include the measur...

3 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: The behavior of a rotating system after its power supply is cut off is called the coastdown phenomenon. An experimental investigation of the coastdown characteristics was carried out on a rotor rig...

3 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: We present an experimental investigation with surface textures and a Non-Newtonian polymer solution (polyisobutylene in oil) to determine synergistic effects on laminar hydrodynamic friction reduction. Gap controlled experiments were performed on a custom parallel disk tribo-rheometer to systematically vary the Reynolds number (0.1–16), Weissenberg number (0.1–30), and Deborah number (0.005–0.5) in bi-directional sliding motion with five different texture geometries: cylindrical holes with varying asymmetric angle β. Cavitation effects are not present, thus normal force is produced solely by the textures and the lubricant rheology. Contrary to Newtonian fluids without cavitation, the normal force is positive, independent of the direction of motion when shear normal forces dominate purely viscous effects. We observe that the normal thrust can be larger than a simple superposition of forces due to viscous hydrodynamics and shear normal stresses. This synergistic coupling between the asymmetric textures and the polymer solution (at high Wi) produces an optimal angle of texture asymmetry β for dramatically decreasing the effective coefficient of friction compared to the Newtonian oil without polymer.

2 citations

Book ChapterDOI
01 Jan 2013
TL;DR: Some of the results pertaining to the current issues of research, which needs to be considered for an accurate and realistic design of hydrostatic/hybrid journal bearing system, such as the number of recesses, type of restrictor, shape of recess, influence of turbulence and flexibility, etc are discussed.
Abstract: Proper tribological practices are extremely important from the view point of reliable and maintenance free operation of machine components. Friction, wear, and lubrication are three main domains of tribology. Proper interfacing among these domains is essential to have a better performance of machine components. Bearings are most critical machine elements which imparts constrained relative motion between two machine components. Bearings either have sliding contact or rolling contact. In the present chapter different types of bearings have been discussed. The main focus of this chapter is on hydrostatic/hybrid fluid-film journal bearings. The components of the hydrostatic/hybrid bearing system that have significant impact on bearing performance have been described. The analysis of fluid-film journal bearings and their performance characteristics parameters have been discussed. The chapter also discusses some current research trends in the design of hydrostatic/hybrid journal bearings. In concluding section the chapter discusses some of the results pertaining to the current issues of research, which needs to be considered for an accurate and realistic design of hydrostatic/hybrid journal bearing system, such as the number of recesses, type of restrictor, shape of recess, influence of turbulence and flexibility, etc.

1 citations


References
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636 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Etude du probleme thermohydrodynamique theorique et experimental d'un palier de longueur finie, l'analyse tenant compte du transfert de chaleur entre le film, l'arbre, le manchon, la cavitation, la recirculation du lubrifiant etant prise en consideration. Mesure de la distribution de pression et de temperature le long de la paroi du palier ainsi que du rapport d'excentricite et du debit pour differentes vitesses et differentes charges. Bon accord entre resultats experimentaux et theoriques

203 citations