# Three-Dimensional Simulation of Flow Past a Circular Cylinder by Nonlinear Turbulence Model

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### Cites methods from "Three-Dimensional Simulation of Flo..."

...Earlier, UDF implementation had been validated for flow past a square cylinder [Ramesh et al (2006)] and for a circular cylinder [Ayyappan and Vengadesan (2008)]....

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##### References

122 citations

### "Three-Dimensional Simulation of Flo..." refers methods in this paper

...With this increasing interest in nonlinear turbulence models, Kimura and Hosoda [7] proposed a cubic nonlinear k e model by accounting for the effect of anisotropy....

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...In the present study, coefficients proposed by Kimura and Hosoda [7] for bluff-body flows are used, and they are given as a1 ¼ ðC3 C1Þ 4:0 a2 ¼ ðC1 þ C2 þ C3Þ 4:0 a3 ¼ ðC2 C1 C3Þ 4:0 a4 ¼ 0:02 fMðMÞ a5 ¼ 0 a6 ¼ 0 a7 ¼ 0 where C1 ¼ 0:4 fMðMÞ; C2 ¼ 0; C3 ¼ 0:13 fMðMÞ, and fMðMÞ ¼ ð1þ 0:01M2Þ 1, with M ¼ maxðS;XÞ S ¼ k e ffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffi 1 2 qUi qxj þ qUj qxi 2s X ¼ k e ffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffiffi 1 2 qUi qxj qUj qxi 2s S is the strain parameter and X is the rotation parameter....

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...In the present study, coefficients proposed by Kimura and Hosoda [7] for bluff-body flows are used, and they are given as...

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### "Three-Dimensional Simulation of Flo..." refers methods in this paper

...[5] simulated the twodimensional flow past a circular cylinder using a nonlinear eddy viscosity model and tested the mean drag coefficient (Cd,mean), root-mean-square (rms) lift coefficient (Cl,rms), and Strouhal number value (St 1⁄4 fD=U1) for the range of Reynolds numbers from subcritical laminar separation to supercritical turbulent separation....

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