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Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1080/1743873X.2020.1766475

Time, tourism area ‘life-cycle,’ evolution and heritage

04 Mar 2021-Journal of Heritage Tourism (Routledge)-Vol. 16, Iss: 2, pp 218-229
Abstract: The tourism area life-cycle (TALC) concept has often not been supported by data. The link between tourism area life-cycle and evolution is usually not explored. In-depth understanding of the relati...

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Topics: Tourism (62%), Cultural heritage (56%)
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Open access
01 Jan 2015-
Abstract: 斯蒂芬·威廉·霍金(Stephen William Hawking),1942年1月8日出生于英国牛津,英国剑桥大学应用数学与理论物理学系教授,是继牛顿和爱因斯坦之后最杰出的物理学家之一,

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283 Citations


Open access
19 Nov 2015-
Topics: Ecological anthropology (72%)

79 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1080/09647775.2015.1065569
Abstract: This is a challenging and necessary book. Some who work in museums and other parts of the heritage field may find it unsettling, but it takes aim at a critical and ever-growing issue that deserves ...

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Topics: Work (electrical) (50%)

22 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3390/SU13010199
Xiaoping Gu1, Carter A. Hunt, Michael L. Lengieza2, Lijun Niu3  +3 moreInstitutions (4)
28 Dec 2020-Sustainability
Abstract: The purpose of the research presented here was to empirically assess resident perceptions of tourism development around the Changbai Mountain Biosphere Reserve (CMBR), a protected area straddling the China and North Korea border. Several theoretical approaches to the assessment of local resident attitudes towards tourism were reviewed and integrated into a novel factor-cluster assessment of residents in Erdaobaihe, the community most adjacent to CMBR. This analysis quantitatively grouped residents based on their perceptions of tourism’s economic, social, cultural, and environmental consequences for the town. An exploratory factor analysis of resident perceptual items first revealed six perception domains, and a subsequent cluster analysis then identified four distinct groups of residents based on these perceptions. A descriptive profile of each cluster and the significant differences among clusters are provided. Advancing our theoretical understanding of resident perspectives of tourism development, this cluster-based segmentation approach, demonstrated here, holds much promise for elaborating on the many ways that residents respond to new and long-standing forms of tourism in their communities. These theoretical and methodological contributions will be applicable to scholars as well as tourism practitioners and policy makers.

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Topics: Tourism (60%)

15 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1080/1743873X.2020.1835924
Abstract: The way the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is rapidly expanding all over the world, it may turn out that international as well as domestic tourism will be severely affected for at least 3–5 years. ...

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Topics: Domestic tourism (64%), Tourism (59%)

11 Citations


References
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Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1111/J.1541-0064.1980.TB00970.X
Richard Butler1Institutions (1)
Abstract: The concept of a recognizable cycle in the evolution of tourist areas is presented, using a basic s curve to illustrate their waving and waning popularity. Specific stages in the evolutionary sequence are described, along with a range of possible future trends. The implications of using this model in the planning and management oftourist resources are discussed in the light of a continuing decline in the environmental quality and, hence, the attractiveness of many tourist areas. Le concept principal de cette communication est que les endroits touristiques ont leur propre cycle d’evolution. Le concept se traduit en modele theorique, qui utilise une courbe s pour demontrer I’accroissement et la diminution subsequente de la popularite d’endroits touristiques. La communication se concentre sur certains stages, les plus importants, de I’evolution, et vise a etablir une gamme de directions eventuelle qui pourront itre suivies par ces endroits. On examine les implications de I’utilisation de se modele dans I’amenagement de resources touristiques, surtout dans I’optique des problemes causes par la diminution de la qualite de I’environnement et, par suite, de I’attraction de beaucoup d’endroits touristiques. There can be little doubt that tourist areas are dynamic, that they evolve and change over time. This evolution is brought about by a variety of factors including changes in the preferences and needs of visitors, the gradual deterioration and possible replacement of physical plant and facilities, and the change (or even disappearance) of the original natural and cultural attractions which were responsible for the initial popularity of the area. In some cases, while these attractions remain, they may be utilized for different purposes or come to be regarded as less significant in comparison with imported attractions.’ The idea of a consistent process through which tourist areas evolve has been vividly described by Christaller: The typical course of development has the following pattern. Painters search out untouched and unusual places to paint. Step by step the place develops as aso-calledartist colony. Soon a cluster of poets follows, kindred to the painters: then cinema people, gourmets, and the jeunesse dorde. The place becomes fashionable and the entrepreneur takes note. The fisherman’s cottage, the shelter-huts become converted into boarding houses and hotels come on the scene. Meanwhile the painters have fled and sought out another periphery periphery as related to space, and metaphorically, as ‘forgotten’ places and landscapes. Only the painters with a commercial inclination who like to do well in business remain; they capitalize on the good name of this former painter’s corner and on the gullibility of tourists. More and more townsmen choose this place, now en vogue and advertised in the newspapers. Subsequently the gourmets, and all those who seek real recreation, stay away. At last the tourist agencies come with their package rate travelling parties; now, the indulged public avoids such places. At the same time, in other places the same cycle occurs again; more and more places come into fashion, change their type, turn into everybody’s tourist haunt.2 While this description has most relevance to the European and, particularly, to the Mediterranean setting, others have expressed the same general idea. Stansfield, 5

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3,646 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1191/030913200701540465
W. Neil Adger1Institutions (1)
Abstract: This article defines social resilience as the ability of groups or communities to cope with external stresses and disturbances as a result of social, political and environmental change. This definition highlights social resilience in relation to the concept of ecological resilience which is a characteristic of ecosystems to maintain themselves in the face of disturbance. There is a clear link between social and ecological resilience, particularly for social groups or communities that are dependent on ecological and environmental resources for their livelihoods. But it is not clear whether resilient ecosystems enable resilient communities in such situations. This article examines whether resilience is a useful characteristic for describing the social and economic situation of social groups and explores potential links between social resilience and ecological resilience. The origins of this interdisciplinary study in human ecology, ecological economics and rural sociology are reviewed, and a study of the impacts of ecological change on a resource- dependent community in contemporary coastal Vietnam in terms of the resilience of its institu- tions is outlined. I Introduction The concept of resilience is widely used in ecology but its meaning and measurement are contested. This article argues that it is important to learn from this debate and to explore social resilience, both as an analogy of how societies work, drawing on the ecological concept, and through exploring the direct relationship between the two phenomena of social and ecological resilience. Social resilience is an important component of the circumstances under which individuals and social groups adapt to environmental change. Ecological and social resilience may be linked through the dependence on ecosystems of communities and their economic activities. The question is, then, whether societies dependent on resources and ecosystems are themselves less resilient. In addition, this analysis allows consideration of whether institutions

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Topics: Socio-ecological system (68%), Resilience (network) (66%), Ecological resilience (66%) ... read more

3,306 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1177/001088047401400409
Abstract: ANY APPROACH to understanding why destination or resort areas rise and fall in popularity inevitably must involve an understanding of the psychology of people who travel. For more than five years, we have been heavily engaged in attempting to understand this psychology of travel at Basico to assist multiple clients in the travel business. This presentation leads sequentially through some of the studies we have conducted since our understanding about travel has grown over time as we have explored particular areas more in depth. In 1967, we conducted our first important study

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Topics: Popularity (56%)

1,210 Citations


Open accessBook
01 Mar 1991-
Abstract: UNDERSTANDING TOURISM PLANNING. Background for Tourism Planning. Approach to Tourism Planning. NATIONAL AND REGIONAL TOURISM PLANNING. The Planning Process and General Surveys. Tourist Attractions and Activities. Tourist Markets, Facilities, Services, and Infrastructure. Planning Analysis and Synthesis. Tourism Policy and Plan Formulation. COMMUNITY LEVEL OF TOURISM PLANNING. Planning Tourist Resorts. Planning Urban and Other Forms of Tourism. Planning Tourist Attractions. Development and Design Standards. ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIOECONOMIC CONSIDERATIONS. Environmental Impacts. Socioeconomic Impacts. INSTITUTIONAL ELEMENTS AND PLAN IMPLEMENTATION. Planning the Institutional Elements of Tourism. Tourism Plan Implementation. Appendices. Selected Bibliography. Index.

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Topics: Tourism geography (71%), Tourism (67%), Environmental design and planning (62%) ... read more

965 Citations


Open accessBook
01 Jan 1999-
Abstract: Introduction to sustainable tourism management the three diemnsions key actors in the sutainable tourism industry sustainable tourism in different geographical milieu sustainable tourism and functional management sutainable tourism and the different sectors and types of tourism conclusions the future of sustainable tourism.

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Topics: Tourism geography (82%), Sustainable tourism (80%), Tourism (72%) ... read more

799 Citations