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Journal ArticleDOI

Tunable Terahertz Dielectric Resonator Antenna

01 Jun 2021-Silicon (Springer Netherlands)-Vol. 13, Iss: 6, pp 1907-1915
TL;DR: In this article, an annular dielectric resonator antenna (DRA) is implemented for THz applications, which is loaded with graphene disk for obtaining the tunability in the frequency response.
Abstract: An annular dielectric resonator (DR) antenna (DRA) is implemented for THz applications. A silicon made DR is loaded with graphene disk for obtaining the tunability in the frequency response. The physical parameters of silicon annular DR can be set to obtain the resonance at any frequency in the lower THz band and can be tuned by changing the chemical potential of graphene nano-disk placed at the top of the DR. The response of antenna is preserved after changing the chemical potential of graphene. The higher order hybrid electromagnetic mode is excited in the antenna structure. The proposed research work provides a way to implement the antenna for THz frequency with high gain around 3.8 dBi and radiation efficiency in the range 72 − 75%.
Citations
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Journal Article
TL;DR: In this paper, the simulation results of a rectangular microstrip patch antenna at terahertz (THz) frequency ranging from 0.7 to 0.85 THz were presented.
Abstract: In this paper, we have presented the simulation results of a rectangular microstrip patch antenna at terahertz (THz) frequency ranging from 0.7 to 0.85 THz. THz electromagnetic wave can permit more densely packed communication links with increased security of communication transmission. The simulated results such as gain, radiation efficiency and 10 dB impedance bandwidth of rectangular microstrip patch antenna at THz frequencies without shorting post configuration are 3.497 dB, 55.71% and 17.76%, respectively, whereas with shorting post configuration, corresponding parameters are 3.502 dB, 55.88% and 17.27%. The simulation has been performed by using CST Microwave Studio, which is a commercially available electromagnetic simulator based on the method of finite difference time domain technique.

99 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
01 Aug 2021-Optik
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors implemented and numerically analyzed a circularly polarized dielectric resonator (DRA) antenna for terahertz (THz) applications.

36 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a tunable terahertz (THz) two-port graphene patch antenna having isolation between the ports of the order of 40dB over the whole range of tunability is presented.

28 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper , a tree-shaped graphene-based multiple-input and multiple-output (MIMO) antenna for terahertz applications is proposed, which is suitable for high-speed short-distance communication, video-rate imaging, biomedical imaging, sensing and security scanning in the THz frequency band.
Abstract: A tree-shaped graphene-based microstrip multiple-input and multiple-output (MIMO) antenna for terahertz applications is proposed. The proposed MIMO antenna is designed on a 600 × 300 μm2 polyimide substrate. The designed MIMO antenna provides a wide impedance bandwidth of 88.14% (0.276–0.711 THz) due to the suggested modifications in the antenna configuration. The MIMO design parameters like total active reflection coefficient (TARC), mean effective gain (MEG), envelope correlation coefficient (ECC) and diversity gain (DG), channel capacity loss (CCL) are evaluated, and their values are found within acceptable limits. The proposed MIMO structure offers MEG ≤ − 3.0 dB, TARC ≤ − 10.0 dB, DG ≈ 10 dB, CCL < 0.5 bps/Hz/s and ECC < 0.01 at the resonant frequency. At the resonant frequency, the isolation between the radiating elements of the proposed MIMO antenna is recorded as − 52 dB. The variations in operating frequency and S-parameters are also analyzed as a function of the chemical potential (μc) of the graphene material. The parametric analysis, structural design evolution steps, surface current distribution, antenna characteristics parameters and diversity parameters are discussed in detail in this paper. The designed MIMO antenna is suitable for high-speed short-distance communication, video-rate imaging, biomedical imaging, sensing and security scanning in the THz frequency band.

25 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
01 Jan 2022-Optik
TL;DR: In this article , a terahertz (THz) dual-band circularly polarized (CP) dielectric resonator (DRA) antenna is numerically analyzed and implemented.

20 citations

References
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Owing to its unusual electronic spectrum, graphene has led to the emergence of a new paradigm of 'relativistic' condensed-matter physics, where quantum relativistic phenomena can now be mimicked and tested in table-top experiments.
Abstract: Graphene is a rapidly rising star on the horizon of materials science and condensed-matter physics. This strictly two-dimensional material exhibits exceptionally high crystal and electronic quality, and, despite its short history, has already revealed a cornucopia of new physics and potential applications, which are briefly discussed here. Whereas one can be certain of the realness of applications only when commercial products appear, graphene no longer requires any further proof of its importance in terms of fundamental physics. Owing to its unusual electronic spectrum, graphene has led to the emergence of a new paradigm of 'relativistic' condensed-matter physics, where quantum relativistic phenomena, some of which are unobservable in high-energy physics, can now be mimicked and tested in table-top experiments. More generally, graphene represents a conceptually new class of materials that are only one atom thick, and, on this basis, offers new inroads into low-dimensional physics that has never ceased to surprise and continues to provide a fertile ground for applications.

35,293 citations


"Tunable Terahertz Dielectric Resona..." refers background in this paper

  • ...Specially, graphene based functioning gives a thrust due to its electrical tunability with the applied external electrostatic or magnetostatics biasing [41]....

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Journal ArticleDOI
05 Jun 2009-Science
TL;DR: It is shown that graphene grows in a self-limiting way on copper films as large-area sheets (one square centimeter) from methane through a chemical vapor deposition process, and graphene film transfer processes to arbitrary substrates showed electron mobilities as high as 4050 square centimeters per volt per second at room temperature.
Abstract: Graphene has been attracting great interest because of its distinctive band structure and physical properties. Today, graphene is limited to small sizes because it is produced mostly by exfoliating graphite. We grew large-area graphene films of the order of centimeters on copper substrates by chemical vapor deposition using methane. The films are predominantly single-layer graphene, with a small percentage (less than 5%) of the area having few layers, and are continuous across copper surface steps and grain boundaries. The low solubility of carbon in copper appears to help make this growth process self-limiting. We also developed graphene film transfer processes to arbitrary substrates, and dual-gated field-effect transistors fabricated on silicon/silicon dioxide substrates showed electron mobilities as high as 4050 square centimeters per volt per second at room temperature.

10,663 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
05 Feb 2009-Nature
TL;DR: The direct synthesis of large-scale graphene films using chemical vapour deposition on thin nickel layers is reported, and two different methods of patterning the films and transferring them to arbitrary substrates are presented, implying that the quality of graphene grown by chemical vapours is as high as mechanically cleaved graphene.
Abstract: Problems associated with large-scale pattern growth of graphene constitute one of the main obstacles to using this material in device applications. Recently, macroscopic-scale graphene films were prepared by two-dimensional assembly of graphene sheets chemically derived from graphite crystals and graphene oxides. However, the sheet resistance of these films was found to be much larger than theoretically expected values. Here we report the direct synthesis of large-scale graphene films using chemical vapour deposition on thin nickel layers, and present two different methods of patterning the films and transferring them to arbitrary substrates. The transferred graphene films show very low sheet resistance of approximately 280 Omega per square, with approximately 80 per cent optical transparency. At low temperatures, the monolayers transferred to silicon dioxide substrates show electron mobility greater than 3,700 cm(2) V(-1) s(-1) and exhibit the half-integer quantum Hall effect, implying that the quality of graphene grown by chemical vapour deposition is as high as mechanically cleaved graphene. Employing the outstanding mechanical properties of graphene, we also demonstrate the macroscopic use of these highly conducting and transparent electrodes in flexible, stretchable, foldable electronics.

10,033 citations


"Tunable Terahertz Dielectric Resona..." refers methods in this paper

  • ...After fabricating the silicon in the shape of the proposed annular dielectric resonator, the chemical vapor deposition process can be utilized either for growing the graphene monolayer on it [55, 56] or by transferring approach [53, 54, 57]....

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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: It is demonstrated that graphene plasmon resonances can be tuned over a broad terahertz frequency range by changing micro-ribbon width and in situ electrostatic doping and the results represent a first look at light-plasmon coupling in graphene and point to potential graphene-based terAhertz metamaterials.
Abstract: Plasmons describe collective oscillations of electrons. They have a fundamental role in the dynamic responses of electron systems and form the basis of research into optical metamaterials 1–3 . Plasmons of two-dimensional massless electrons, as present in graphene, show unusual behaviour 4–7 that enables new tunable plasmonic metamaterials 8–10 and, potentially, optoelectronic applications in the terahertz frequency range 8,9,11,12 .H ere we explore plasmon excitations in engineered graphene microribbon arrays. We demonstrate that graphene plasmon resonances can be tuned over a broad terahertz frequency range by changing micro-ribbon width and in situ electrostatic doping. The ribbon width and carrier doping dependences of graphene plasmon frequency demonstrate power-law behaviour characteristic of two-dimensional massless Dirac electrons 4–6 . The plasmon resonances have remarkably large oscillator strengths, resulting

2,701 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: An in-depth view of Terahertz Band (0.1-10 THz) communication, which is envisioned as a key technology to satisfy the increasing demand for higher speed wireless communication, is provided.

1,206 citations


"Tunable Terahertz Dielectric Resona..." refers background in this paper

  • ...In the recent years, wireless communication systems are being developed considering the THz band in the applications [1]....

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