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Understanding gang membership: The significance of group processes

29 Sep 2014-Group Processes & Intergroup Relations (SAGE Publications)-Vol. 17, Iss: 6, pp 710-729

Abstract: Gang researchers have robustly established that gangs facilitate increased criminal activity in members—even those who were prolifically delinquent before gang membership (Klein, Weerman, & Thornbe...
Topics: Social cognition (53%)

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Citation for published version
Wood, Jane L. (2014) Understanding gang membership: The significance of group processes.
Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 17 (6). pp. 710-729. ISSN 1368-4302.
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1177/1368430214550344
Link to record in KAR
https://kar.kent.ac.uk/55015/
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$$#
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Group Processes and Intergroup Relations
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For Peer Review
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$$
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($+
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Citations
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Journal ArticleDOI
01 Sep 1944-Nature
Abstract: EIGHT members of the Yale Institute of Human Relations have co-operated to produce this book The result is not a mere juxtaposition of uncoordinated viewpoints but a unity of aim and consistency in presentation which make the multiple authorship almost undetectable Whatever judgment one may make about the value of the hypothesis elaborated in the book, there can be little doubt that the intimate collaboration of a team of specialists, each with a distinctive training, is a profitable way of examining a problem which has no clear-cut frontiers and which does not fall neatly into one of the conventional compartments of social study Frustration and Aggression By John Dollard Neal E Miller Leonard W Doob O H Mowrer Robert R Sears, in collaboration with Clellan S Ford, Carl Iver Hovland and Richard T Sollenberger (International Library of Sociology and Social Reconstruction) Pp ix + 150 (London: Kegan Paul and Co, Ltd, 1944) 10s 6d net

895 citations


01 Jan 2016
Abstract: Thank you for reading victims of groupthink a psychological study of foreign policy decisions and fiascoes. As you may know, people have look hundreds times for their chosen readings like this victims of groupthink a psychological study of foreign policy decisions and fiascoes, but end up in malicious downloads. Rather than reading a good book with a cup of tea in the afternoon, instead they are facing with some malicious bugs inside their computer.

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References
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Book
Leon Festinger1Institutions (1)
01 Jan 1957
Abstract: Cognitive dissonance theory links actions and attitudes It holds that dissonance is experienced whenever one cognition that a person holds follows from the opposite of at least one other cognition that the person holds The magnitude of dissonance is directly proportional to the number of discrepant cognitions and inversely proportional to the number of consonant cognitions that a person has The relative weight of any discrepant or consonant element is a function of its Importance

22,512 citations


Book
01 Jan 1968
Abstract: Identity, Erikson writes, is an unfathomable as it is all-pervasive. It deals with a process that is located both in the core of the individual and in the core of the communal culture. As the culture changes, new kinds of identity questions arise-Erikson comments, for example, on issues of social protest and changing gender roles that were particular to the 1960s. Representing two decades of groundbreaking work, the essays are not so much a systematic formulation of theory as an evolving report that is both clinical and theoretical. The subjects range from "creative confusion" in two famous lives-the dramatist George Bernard Shaw and the philosopher William James-to the connection between individual struggles and social order. "Race and the Wider Identity" and the controversial "Womanhood and the Inner Space" are included in the collection.

14,881 citations


Book ChapterDOI
Henri Tajfel1, John C. Turner2Institutions (2)
09 Jan 2004
Abstract: This chapter presents an outline of a theory of intergroup conflict and some preliminary data relating to the theory. Much of the work on the social psychology of intergroup relations has focused on patterns of individual prejudices and discrimination and on the motivational sequences of interpersonal interaction. The intensity of explicit intergroup conflicts of interests is closely related in human cultures to the degree of opprobrium attached to the notion of "renegade" or "traitor." The basic and highly reliable finding is that the trivial, ad hoc intergroup categorization leads to in-group favoritism and discrimination against the out-group. Many orthodox definitions of "social groups" are unduly restrictive when applied to the context of intergroup relations. The equation of social competition and intergroup conflict rests on the assumptions concerning an "ideal type" of social stratification in which the salient dimensions of intergroup differentiation are those involving scarce resources.

13,903 citations


"Understanding gang membership: The ..." refers background in this paper

  • ...Social identity approaches, including social identity theory (Tajfel & Turner, 1986) and selfcategorization theory (Turner, Hogg, Oakes, Reicher, & Wetherell, 1987) maintain that once people identify with a group they experience further shaping of their self-view (see also Goldman, Giles, & Hogg,…...

    [...]

  • ...…arbitrarily (e.g., grouped according to people’s over- or underestimation of total dots on a piece of paper), with no history of conflict and no potential for future conflict, can lead to ingroup favoritism when allocating money to anonymous ingroup or outgroup others (Tajfel & Turner, 1986)....

    [...]

  • ...Social categorization processes facilitate a clear-cut picture of one’s own and others’ social group membership and enables emotional values to be attached to those groups (Tajfel & Turner, 1986)....

    [...]

  • ...…uncertain about personal identity motivates people to identify with a group and, in line with social categorization tenets (Abrams & Hogg, 2010; Tajfel & Turner, 1986) use their group membership to categorize themselves and others according to sets of attitudes and behaviors that epitomize…...

    [...]


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: 1. Introducing the Problem: Individual and Group 2. Rediscovering the Social Group 3. A Self-Categorization Theory 4. The Analysis of Social Influence 5. Social Identity 6. The Salience of Social Categories 7. Social Identity and Group Polarization 8. Crowd Behaviour as Social Action 9. Conclusion.

8,524 citations


Journal Article
Abstract: Preface Part I. Crime: 1. Classical theory and the idea of crime 2. The nature of crime Part II. Criminality: 3. Biological positivism 4. Psychological, economic, and sociological positivism 5. The nature of criminality: low self-control Part II. Applications of the Theory: 6. Criminal events and individual propensities: age, gender, and race 7. The social consequences of low self-control 8. Culture and crime 9. White-collar crime 10. Organization and crime Part IV. Research and Policy: 11. Research design and measurement 12. Implications for public policy Index.

7,149 citations


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