Unit template based control of PV-DSTATCOM
31 Jan 2020-Advances in Electrical and Electronic Engineering (Bentham Science Publishers Ltd.)-Vol. 13, Iss: 1, pp 36-42
TL;DR: Different power quality issues and their improvement are studied and presented here for harmonic reduction, DC voltage regulation and power factor correction.
Abstract: In modern electrical power distribution systems, Power Quality has become an important concern due to the escalating use of automatic, microprocessor and microcontroller based end user applications. In this paper, power quality improvement has done using Photovoltaic based Distribution Static Compensator (PV-DSTATCOM). Complete simulation modelling and control of Photovoltaic based Distribution Static Compensator have been provided in the presented paper. In this configuration, DSTATCOM is fed by solar photovoltaic array and PV module is also helpful to maintain the DC link voltage. The switching of PV-STATCOM is controlled by Unit template based control theory. The performance of PV-DSTATCOM has been evaluated for Unity Power Factor (UPF) and AC Voltage Control (ACVC) modes. Here, for studying the power quality issues three-phase distribution system is considered and results have been verified through simulation based on MATLAB software. Different power quality issues and their improvement are studied and presented here for harmonic reduction, DC voltage regulation and power factor correction.
TL;DR: In this article , an adaptive least mean square (LMS) algorithm is used to control the total harmonics distortion of a solar photovoltaic system, which is applied to modify the Perturb and observe (P&O), MPPT controller.
Abstract: The objective of the proposed work is to develop a Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) controller and inverter controller by applying the adaptive least mean square (LMS) algorithm to control the total harmonics distortion of a solar photovoltaic system. The advantage of the adaptive LMS algorithm is given by its simplicity and reduced required computational time. The adaptive LMS algorithm is applied to modify the Perturb and Observe (P&O), MPPT controller. In this controller, the adaptive LMS algorithm is used to predict solar photovoltaic power. The adaptive LMS maximum power point tracking controller gives better optimal solutions with less steady error 0.7% (6 watts) and 0% peak overshot in power with the tradeoff being more settling time at 0.33 s. The development of the inverter control law is performed using the d-q frame theory. This helps to reduce the number of equations to build a control law. The load current, grid current and grid voltage are sensed and transformed into d and q components. This adaptive LMS control law is used to extract the reference grid currents and, later, to compare them with the actual grid currents. The result of this comparison is used to generate the switching gate pulses for the inverter switches. The proposed controllers are developed and implemented with a solar PV system in MATLAB Simulink. The total harmonics distortion in grid and load current (3.25% and 7%) and voltage (0%) is investigated under linear and non-linear load conditions with changes in solar irradiations. The analysis is performed by selecting step incremental values and sampling time.
01 Dec 2022
TL;DR: In this paper , a Least Mean Square (LMS) adaptive Finite Impulse Response (FIR) filter-predictive controller is presented for the control of a grid-connected solar PV energy system.
Abstract: A Least Mean Square (LMS) adaptive Finite Impulse Response (FIR) filter-predictive controller is presented for the control of a grid-connected solar PV energy system. The objective of the work is to reduce total harmonic distortion (THD) in the grid and load current. It follows the systematic development and analysis of the implementation of an adaptive LMS control based on the direct-quadrature control theory. The analysis is done for the proposed adaptive control technique for grid-connected solar photovoltaic systems under the variation of solar irradiation and load. In this proposed work, the reference current is estimated by developing the LMS control technique. The proposed system is modeled in d-q frame form and simulated on the MATLAB Simulink platform. Developing an LMS control algorithm using the p-q theory reduces computational hard work. The reduction in load current harmonics is improved. The simulation results are used to discuss the convergence rate, harmonics reduction, and advantages of the adaptive LMS algorithm d-q control theory.
TL;DR: The many different techniques for maximum power point tracking of photovoltaic (PV) arrays are discussed in this paper, and at least 19 distinct methods have been introduced in the literature, with many variations on implementation.
Abstract: The many different techniques for maximum power point tracking of photovoltaic (PV) arrays are discussed. The techniques are taken from the literature dating back to the earliest methods. It is shown that at least 19 distinct methods have been introduced in the literature, with many variations on implementation. This paper should serve as a convenient reference for future work in PV power generation.
TL;DR: In this paper, a new instantaneous reactive power compensator comprising switching devices is proposed, which requires practically no energy storage components, and is based on the instantaneous value concept for arbitrary voltage and current waveforms.
Abstract: The conventional reactive power in single-phase or three- phase circuits has been defined on the basis of the average value concept for sinusoidal voltage and current waveforms in steady states. The instantaneous reactive power in three-phase circuits is defined on the basis of the instantaneous value concept for arbitrary voltage and current waveforms, including transient states. A new instantaneous reactive power compensator comprising switching devices is proposed which requires practically no energy storage components.
01 Oct 1995
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors present a power quality evaluation procedure for the purpose of measuring the power quality of a power supply. But, they do not define the specific classes of power quality problems.
Abstract: CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION What is Power Quality? Power Quality -- Voltage Quality Why Are We Concerned About Power Quality? The Power Quality Evaluation Procedure Who Should Use This Book Overview of the Contents CHAPTER 2: TERMS AND DEFINITIONS Need for a Consistent Vocabulary General Classes of Power Quality Problems Transients Long-Duration Voltage Variations Short-Duration Voltage Variations Voltage Imbalance Waveform Distortion Voltage Fluctuation Power Frequency Variations Power Quality Terms Ambiguous Terms CBEMA and ITI Curves References CHAPTER 3: VOLTAGE SAGS AND INTERRUPTIONS Sources of Sags and Interruptions Estimating Voltage Sag Performance Fundamental Principles of Protection Solutions at the End-User Level Evaluating the Economics of Different Ride-Through Alternatives Motor-Starting Sags Utility System Fault-Clearing Issues References CHAPTER 4: TRANSIENT OVERVOLTAGES Sources of Transient Overvoltages Principles of Overvoltage Protection Devices for Overvoltage Protection Utility Capacitor-Switching Transients Utility System Lightning Protection Managing Ferroresonance Switching Transient Problems with Loads Computer Tools for Transients Analysis References CHAPTER 5: FUNDAMENTALS OF HARMONICS Harmonic Distortion Voltage versus Current Distortion Harmonics versus Transients Harmonic Indexes Harmonic Sources from Commercial Loads Harmonic Sources from Industrial Loads Locating Harmonic Sources System Response Characteristics Effects of Harmonic Distortion Interharmonics References Bibliography CHAPTER 6: APPLIED HARMONICS Harmonic Distortion Evaluations Principles for Controlling Harmonics Where to Control Harmonics Harmonic Studies Devices for Controlling Harmonic Distortion Harmonic Filter Design: A Case Study Case Studies Standards of Harmonics References Bibliography CHAPTER 7: LONG-DURATION VOLTAGE VARIATIONS Principles of Regulating the Voltage Devices for Voltage Regulation Utility Voltage Regulator Application Capacitors for Voltage Regulation End-User Capacitor Application Regulating Utility Voltage with Distributed Resources Flicker References Bibliography CHAPTER 8: POWER QUALITY BENCHMARKING Introduction Benchmarking Process RMS Voltage Variation Indices Harmonics Indices Power Quality Contracts Power Quality Insurance Power Quality State Estimation Including Power Quality in Distribution Planning References Bibliography CHAPTER 9: DISTRIBUTED GENERATION AND POWER QUALITY Resurgence of DG DG Technologies Interface to the Utility System Power Quality Issues Operating Conflicts DG on Distribution Networks Siting DGDistributed Generation Interconnection Standards Summary References Bibliography CHAPTER 10: WIRING AND GROUNDING Resources Definitions Reasons for Grounding Typical Wiring and Grounding Problems Solutions to Wiring and Grounding Problems Bibliography CHAPTER 11: POWER QUALITY MONITORING Monitoring Considerations Historical Perspective of Power Quality Measuring Instruments Power Quality Measurement Equipment Assessment of Power Quality Measurement Data Application of Intelligent Systems Power Quality Monitoring Standards References Index INDEX
31 Aug 2002
TL;DR: Power Quality Enhancement Using Custom Power Devices as discussed by the authors considers the structure, control and performance of series compensating DVR, the shunt DSTATCOM and the SHunt with series UPQC for power quality improvement in electricity distribution.
Abstract: Power Quality Enhancement Using Custom Power Devices considers the structure, control and performance of series compensating DVR, the shunt DSTATCOM and the shunt with series UPQC for power quality improvement in electricity distribution. Also addressed are other power electronic devices for improving power quality in Solid State Transfer Switches and Fault Current Limiters. Applications for these technologies as they relate to compensating busses supplied by a weak line and for distributed generation connections in rural networks, are included. In depth treatment of inverters to achieve voltage support, voltage balancing, harmonic suppression and transient suppression in realistic network environments are also covered. New material on the potential for shunt and series compensation which emphasizes the importance of control design has been introduced. Power Quality Enhancement Using Custom Power Devices is appropriate for distribution engineers, graduate engineers and designers working in the area of power electronic applications for power systems. Sections of the book on power quality issues and generation connection make for a timely reference for undergraduates studying distribution engineering. Written for: Distribution engineers, graduate engineers and designers working in the area of power electronic applications for power systems, students
TL;DR: The concept of custom power is now becoming familiar as mentioned in this paper and it describes the value-added power that electric utilities and other service providers will offer their customers in the future The improved level of reliability of this power, in terms of reduced interruptions and less variation, will stem from an integrated solution to present problems, of which a prominent feature will be the application of power electronic controllers to utility distribution systems and/or at the supply end of many industrial and commercial customers and industrial parks.
Abstract: Changes in customers' needs require improvements in the reliability and quality of the electricity supply This paper describes how the concept of custom power is now becoming familiar The term describes the value-added power that electric utilities and other service providers will offer their customers in the future The improved level of reliability of this power, in terms of reduced interruptions and less variation, will stem from an integrated solution to present problems, of which a prominent feature will be the application of power electronic controllers to utility distribution systems and/or at the supply end of many industrial and commercial customers and industrial parks >