Univariate Discrete Distributions
01 Jan 1992-
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors propose a family of Discrete Distributions, which includes Hypergeometric, Mixture, and Stopped-Sum Distributions (see Section 2.1).
Abstract: Preface. 1. Preliminary Information. 2. Families of Discrete Distributions. 3. Binomial Distributions. 4. Poisson Distributions. 5. Neggative Binomial Distributions. 6. Hypergeometric Distributions. 7. Logarithmic and Lagrangian Distributions. 8. Mixture Distributions. 9. Stopped-Sum Distributions. 10. Matching, Occupancy, Runs, and q-Series Distributions. 11. Parametric Regression Models and Miscellanea. Bibliography. Abbreviations. Index.
•01 Jan 2007
TL;DR: In this article, the authors introduce the concept of risk in count response models and assess the performance of count models, including Poisson regression, negative binomial regression, and truncated count models.
Abstract: Preface 1. Introduction 2. The concept of risk 3. Overview of count response models 4. Methods of estimation and assessment 5. Assessment of count models 6. Poisson regression 7. Overdispersion 8. Negative binomial regression 9. Negative binomial regression: modeling 10. Alternative variance parameterizations 11. Problems with zero counts 12. Censored and truncated count models 13. Handling endogeneity and latent class models 14. Count panel models 15. Bayesian negative binomial models Appendix A. Constructing and interpreting interactions Appendix B. Data sets and Stata files References Index.
TL;DR: The generalized additive model for location, scale and shape (GAMLSS) as mentioned in this paper is a general class of statistical models for a univariate response variable, which assumes independent observations of the response variable y given the parameters, the explanatory variables and the values of the random effects.
Abstract: Summary. A general class of statistical models for a univariate response variable is presented which we call the generalized additive model for location, scale and shape (GAMLSS). The model assumes independent observations of the response variable y given the parameters, the explanatory variables and the values of the random effects. The distribution for the response variable in the GAMLSS can be selected from a very general family of distributions including highly skew or kurtotic continuous and discrete distributions. The systematic part of the model is expanded to allow modelling not only of the mean (or location) but also of the other parameters of the distribution of y, as parametric and/or additive nonparametric (smooth) functions of explanatory variables and/or random-effects terms. Maximum (penalized) likelihood estimation is used to fit the (non)parametric models. A Newton–Raphson or Fisher scoring algorithm is used to maximize the (penalized) likelihood. The additive terms in the model are fitted by using a backfitting algorithm. Censored data are easily incorporated into the framework. Five data sets from different fields of application are analysed to emphasize the generality of the GAMLSS class of models.
TL;DR: DAMBE (data analysis in molecular biology and evolution) is an integrated software package for converting, manipulating, statistically and graphically describing, and analyzing molecular sequence data with a user-friendly Windows 95/98/2000/NT interface.
Abstract: DAMBE (data analysis in molecular biology and evolution) is an integrated software package for converting, manipulating, statistically and graphically describing, and analyzing molecular sequence data with a user-friendly Windows 95/98/2000/NT interface. DAMBE is free and can be downloaded from http://web.hku.hk/~xxia/software/software.htm. The current version is 4.0.36.
TL;DR: In this article, the authors developed new methods for analyzing the large sample properties of matching estimators and established a number of new results, such as the following: Matching estimators with replacement with a fixed number of matches are not N 1/2 -consistent.
Abstract: Matching estimators for average treatment effects are widely used in evaluation research despite the fact that their large sample properties have not been established in many cases. The absence of formal results in this area may be partly due to the fact that standard asymptotic expansions do not apply to matching estimators with a fixed number of matches because such estimators are highly nonsmooth functionals of the data. In this article we develop new methods for analyzing the large sample properties of matching estimators and establish a number of new results. We focus on matching with replacement with a fixed number of matches. First, we show that matching estimators are not N 1/2 -consistent in general and describe conditions under which matching estimators do attain N 1/2 -consistency. Second, we show that even in settings where matching estimators are N 1/2 -consistent, simple matching estimators with a fixed number of matches do not attain the semiparametric efficiency bound. Third, we provide a consistent estimator for the large sample variance that does not require consistent nonparametric estimation of unknown functions. Software for implementing these methods is available in Matlab, Stata, and R.
TL;DR: GAMLSS as discussed by the authors is a general framework for fitting regression type models where the distribution of the response variable does not have to belong to the exponential family and includes highly skew and kurtotic continuous and discrete distribution.
Abstract: GAMLSS is a general framework for fitting regression type models where the distribution of the response variable does not have to belong to the exponential family and includes highly skew and kurtotic continuous and discrete distribution. GAMLSS allows all the parameters of the distribution of the response variable to be modelled as linear/non-linear or smooth functions of the explanatory variables. This paper starts by defining the statistical framework of GAMLSS, then describes the current implementation of GAMLSS in R and finally gives four different data examples to demonstrate how GAMLSS can be used for statistical modelling.
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