scispace - formally typeset
Search or ask a question
BookDOI

Unspeakable Sentences (Routledge Revivals) : Narration and Representation in the Language of Fiction

17 Jul 2014-
TL;DR: The authors discuss subjectivity in direct and indirect speech, the absence of the narrator, and the development of narrative style in the context of linguistics and literature with a particular interest in narrative style and linguistic theory.
Abstract: First published in 1982, this title grew from a series of essays on various aspects of narrative style; the result is a finished product that melds literary theory with linguistic methodology. It is argued that, where linguistic theory intersects with literary theory, it is narrative that provides the crucial ‘experiment’ for deciding between a communication and a non-communication theory of language and, by extension, of literature. Chapters discuss such areas as subjectivity in direct and indirect speech, the absence of the narrator, and the development of narrative style. With a detailed introduction to the subject, this reissue will be of value to students of linguistics and literature with a particular interest in narrative style and linguistic theory.
Citations
More filters
Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors tackle the question of how multiple viewpoints emerge through the interplay of different viewpoint parameters within the dynamics of discourse and their diachronic development, and they focus on the future of Fate (FoF) (e.g. He was never to return.), i.e. future-in-the-past meanings with potentially distinct values both on the semantic dimension of temporality and the dimension of knowledge attribution.
Abstract: This paper tackles the question of how multiple viewpoints emerge through the interplay of different viewpoint parameters within the (i) dynamics of discourse and (ii) their diachronic development. In particular, it will focus on ‘Future of Fate’ (FoF) (e.g. He was never to return.), i.e. future-in-the-past meanings with potentially distinct values both on the semantic dimension of temporality and the dimension of knowledge attribution. These viewpoint meanings are ‘irregular’ in the sense that they cannot be predicted solely on the basis of the grammatical context of past modal obligation. Based on empirical analyses of German sollte + inf. and the mellō construction in Homeric Greek, it is shown that the – diachronic as well as synchronic – emergence of viewpoints is the result of the interplay between the deictic structure of grammatical elements and the perspectival structure of discourse context.

5 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
01 Jan 2017
Abstract: Abstract Speech presentation, largely a stylistic notion, attracts scholars’ attention from various fields. While narrative theory is devoted to studies on language in fiction and treats speech presentation in close relation with narrator’s distance from the narrative and intervention in the character’s utterance, linguistic perspectives range from categorical classification of speech presentation structures to theoretical exploration into its nature and function. In the meantime stylistics recognizes the compositional and communicative process of speech presentation in narrative and examines linguistic devices by which the narrator orients the reader and creates a text’s style. This paper reviews a number of approaches to speech presentation and the distinctive features of each approach shed light on further stylistic studies on this important discursive phenomenon.

3 citations

Proceedings ArticleDOI
05 Apr 2016
TL;DR: A system that uses machine learning based classifiers to label the entities found in text into semantic concepts defined in an ontology is discussed, providing sufficient accuracy for subject categorization and sentiment evaluation in the proposed system.
Abstract: Due to the increase in the number of people participating online on reviewing travel related entities such as hotels, cities and attractions, there is a rich corpus of textual information available online. However, to make a decision on a certain entity, one has to read many such reviews manually, which is inconvenient. To make sense of the reviews, the essential first step is to understand the semantics that lie therein. This paper discusses a system that uses machine learning based classifiers to label the entities found in text into semantic concepts defined in an ontology. A subject classifier with a precision of 0.785 and a sentiment classifier with a correlation coefficient of 0.9423 was developed providing sufficient accuracy for subject categorization and sentiment evaluation in the proposed system.

2 citations


Cites background from "Unspeakable Sentences (Routledge Re..."

  • ...Aspects of language that are used to express opinions, evaluations and speculations are referred to as subjectivity in natural language [10], [11]....

    [...]

Book ChapterDOI
01 Oct 2014

2 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
10 Dec 2020
TL;DR: In this paper, a review of the current state of the art with respect to narrative perspectivization in general, and the narrator's perspective in particular, leads to the conclusion that the narrator is best conceptualized as a covert viewpoint potential that can be actualized to different degrees.
Abstract: Narrations have traditionally been seen as linguistic artefacts that are mediated by someone who is telling the story. As such, the narrator’s perspective constitutes a central parameter when exploring the possibilities of a unified approach to narrative perspective. With this in mind, this paper aims to take a closer look at the narrator from both theoretical and empirical viewpoints. Based on a review of the current state of the art with respect to narrative perspectivization in general, and the narrator’s perspective in particular, it leads to the conclusion that the narrator is best conceptualized as a covert viewpoint potential that can be actualized to different degrees. As such, the narrator’s perspective should not be identified with “plain narration”, but as a perspective that has to be established by linguistic cues. In a second step, this is supported by an empirical analysis of a specific narrative constellation in German which shows that the narrator’s perspective does not necessarily arise per default and examines which linguistic indicators are able to actualize the narrator’s point of view.

1 citations