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BookDOI

Unspeakable Sentences (Routledge Revivals) : Narration and Representation in the Language of Fiction

17 Jul 2014-
TL;DR: The authors discuss subjectivity in direct and indirect speech, the absence of the narrator, and the development of narrative style in the context of linguistics and literature with a particular interest in narrative style and linguistic theory.
Abstract: First published in 1982, this title grew from a series of essays on various aspects of narrative style; the result is a finished product that melds literary theory with linguistic methodology. It is argued that, where linguistic theory intersects with literary theory, it is narrative that provides the crucial ‘experiment’ for deciding between a communication and a non-communication theory of language and, by extension, of literature. Chapters discuss such areas as subjectivity in direct and indirect speech, the absence of the narrator, and the development of narrative style. With a detailed introduction to the subject, this reissue will be of value to students of linguistics and literature with a particular interest in narrative style and linguistic theory.
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Journal ArticleDOI
12 Feb 2016
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors propose an account of dual voice in free indirect discourse (FID), a point-of-view narrative style used mainly in literary narrative for the representation of verbal events, and of verbal or non-verbal mental events.
Abstract: This article proposes an account of dual voice in free indirect discourse (FID), a point-of-view narrative style used mainly in literary narrative for the representation of verbal events, and of verbal or non-verbal mental events (see Oltean, 1993). First, it sums up in a nutshell the issue of what constitutes FID, without dealing in detail with what distinguishes it from “normal” indirect discourse and direct discourse (see, for this matter, Ehrlich, 1990; McHale, 1978; Oltean, 1993). Next, it addresses the issue of dual voice associated with this discourse mode, after which it gives an outline of the analytical framework. Finally, it provides a description for an FID sentence selected from English literary prose, with a view to furnishing evidence for its dual nature.

1 citations


Cites background from "Unspeakable Sentences (Routledge Re..."

  • ...4Kuroda and Banfield elaborate an interpretation according to which the semantic peculiarity in question is indexical of FID sentences: narratorless or speakerless, they merely enact a state of mind, something that is “unspeakable” and cannot therefore be cast into a communicational framework. Banfield (1982) distinguishes, on the basis of the presence or absence of various syntactic and lexical features (e....

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  • ...…the I/you relation) nor an expression of subjectivity, FID is “expressive,” but speakerless, since the “subjective” elements, or “expressions,” are coreferent with a third-person “subject-of-consciousness” (Banfield, 1982, p. 18) and not with a speaker, whose marking would have to be an I (sic!)....

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  • ...…a vehicle of spontaneous, non-reflective consciousness, represents nonverbal or preverbal mental states, usually perceptions, as Kuroda (1976) and Banfield (1982) maintain; according to them FID consists of “unspeakable sentences,” being a particular, sui generis, mode of language, that defies…...

    [...]

  • ...Banfield (1982) distinguishes, on the basis of the presence or absence of various syntactic and lexical features (e.g., expressive elements, such as exclamations, repetitions, questions, etc., personal pronouns, deictics, tense, particular lexical expressions), sentences of represented speech and…...

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  • ...This happens especially when FID, functioning as a vehicle of spontaneous, non-reflective consciousness, represents nonverbal or preverbal mental states, usually perceptions, as Kuroda (1976) and Banfield (1982) maintain; according to them FID consists of “unspeakable sentences,” being a particular, sui generis, mode of language, that defies handling within a communicational framework4....

    [...]

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper , an onion-ring system called COSSOL has been built in a case study for Twitter, following a hybrid approach to integrate Machine Learning classifiers and structural metrics from Computational Linguistics and Computational Sociology disciplines, respectively.
Abstract: This research aims to analyze the Digital Social Networks (DSN) behavior, constructed from the network’s relationships, interactions, and expressions of users’ private states through collective subjectivity. For this purpose, an onion-ring system called COSSOL has been built in a case study for Twitter, following a hybrid approach to integrate Machine Learning classifiers and structural metrics from Computational Linguistics and Computational Sociology disciplines, respectively. The paper designs two experimentation scenarios divided into cases of collective subjectivity analysis for Colombia under different levels of communities’ granularity. The first case validates the system by performing a cointegration test on the metrics of each construct for the onion rings’ communities. The results show that some communities better propagate their subjective expressions against the disclosed topic when they have a higher network density and a common polarity. Moreover, the most stable communities in polarity towards a topic are those whose members are highly connected. Conversely, communities with a higher centrality index in a subset of members do not exhibit stability in collective subjectivity towards a topic disclosed in that community. The second case validates the model with a series of Social Network Analysis (SNA) metrics with a polarity layer to describe the second onion ring subcommunities and their temporal variation through community recalculation. The results show no polar distributions similar to the bimodal ones representing consensus in the values of the common Thinking Acting and Feeling (TAF) forms. In addition, general negative sentiment is identified for the ten most representative nodes of the subcommunities analyzed.
Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article , a modelo de análisis estilístico-literario of prosa narrativa de ficción a corpus elicitado was presented, consisting of 20 producciones narrativas in español de jóvenes escolarizados.
Abstract: El estudio de la presentación del discurso en la narración infantil se ha limitado al análisis de la cita directa e indirecta (discurso referido). Por eso no se han considerado otras estructuras útiles para contar y presentar el habla, el pensamiento y la escritura. Este trabajo tiene como objetivo dar cuenta de esa diversidad, así como mostrar la de un modelo de análisis estilístico-literario de prosa narrativa de ficción a un corpus elicitado constituido por 20 producciones narrativas en español de jóvenes escolarizados, generadas mediante una tarea de recuento guiado. Los resultados muestran cómo se manifiestan las distintas estructuras en las producciones analizadas y se determina la aplicabilidad del modelo para el estudio estilístico de corpus elicitados. Este análisis supone una forma más amplia de observar la narración y la presentación del discurso y, con ello, el desarrollo del lenguaje.