# Use of Galerkin Technique in Some Water Wave Scattering Problems Involving Plane Vertical Barriers

01 Jan 2020-Vol. 177, pp 405-432

TL;DR: In this article, the Galerkin method with simple polynomials multiplied by appropriate weights was used to solve the problem of water wave scattering in a single thin plane vertical barrier partially immersed or completely submerged in water.

Abstract: The explicit solutions exist for normal incidence of the surface wave train or a single thin plane vertical barrier partially immersed or completely submerged in deep water. However, for oblique incidence of the wave train and/or for finite depth water, no such explicit solution is possible to obtain. Some approximate mathematical techniques are generally employed to solve them approximately in the sense that quantities of physical interest associated with each problem, namely the reflection and transmission coefficients, can be obtained approximately either analytically or numerically. The method of Galerkin approximations has been widely used to investigate such water wave scattering problems involving thin vertical barriers. Use of Galerkin method with basis functions involving somewhat complicated functions in solving these problems has been carried out in the literature. Choice of basis functions as simple polynomials multiplied by appropriate weights dictated by the edge conditions at the submerged end points of the barrier providing fairly good numerical estimates for the reflection and transmission coefficients have been demonstrated in this article.

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01 Nov 1945

TL;DR: In this paper, the reflexion of waves on the surface of water by a thin plane vertical barrier is considered and the coefficient of reflexion (the ratio of the amplitudes, at a great distance from the barrier, of the reflected and incident waves) is calculated.

Abstract: 1. The reflexion of waves on the surface of water by a thin plane vertical barrier is considered and the coefficient of reflexion (the ratio of the amplitudes, at a great distance from the barrier, of the reflected and incident waves) is calculated. If the top edge is at a depth a below the surface, it is found that the coefficient of reflexion is about ¼ when where T is the period of the incident waves, so that the condition that the coefficient may exceed ¼ is a .

118 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, a thin vertical plate makes small, simple harmonic rolling oscillations beneath the surface of an incompressible, irrotational liquid, and a train of plane waves of frequency equal to the frequency of oscillation of the plate, is normally incident on the plate.

Abstract: A thin vertical plate makes small, simple harmonic rolling oscillations beneath the surface of an incompressible, irrotational liquid. The plate is assumed to be so wide that the resulting equations may be regarded as two-dimensional. In addition, a train of plane waves of frequency equal to the frequency of oscillation of the plate, is normally incident on the plate. The resulting linearized boundary-value problem is solved in closed form for the velocity potential everywhere in the fluid and on the plate. Expressions are derived for the first- and second-order forces and moments on the plate, and for the wave amplitudes at a large distance either side of the plate. Numerical results are obtained for the case of the plate held fixed in an incident wave-train. It is shown how these results, in the special case when the plate intersects the free surface, agree, with one exception, with results obtained by Ursell (1947) and Haskind (1959) for this problem.

118 citations

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01 Mar 1972

TL;DR: In this article, the velocity potential of the resulting fluid motion is determined by a reduction procedure and also by an integral equation formulation, and it is shown that the two methods lead to the same Riemann-Hilbert problem.

Abstract: The two-dimensional configuration is considered of a fixed, semi-infinite, vertical barrier extending downwards from a fluid surface and having, at some depth, a gap of arbitrary width. A train of surface waves, incident on the barrier, is partly transmitted and partly reflected. The velocity potential of the resulting fluid motion is determined by a reduction procedure and also by an integral equation formulation. It is shown that the two methods lead to the same Riemann–Hilbert problem. Transmission and reflexion coefficients are calculated for several values of the ratio gap width/mean gap depth.

76 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, an asymptotic theory for the resulting wave reflexion and transmission is developed, assuming that the separation between the plates is small, and it is shown that the reflexion coefficients undergo rapid changes, ranging from complete reflexion to complete transmission, in the vicinity of a critical wavenumber where the fluid column between the obstacles is resonant.

Abstract: Two-dimensional waves are incident upon a pair of vertical flat plates intersecting the free surface in a fluid of infinite depth. An asymptotic theory is developed for the resulting wave reflexion and transmission, assuming that the separation between the plates is small. The fluid motion between the plates is a uniform vertical oscillation, matched to the outer wave field by a local flow at the opening beneath the plates. It is shown that the reflexion and transmission coefficients undergo rapid changes, ranging from complete reflexion to complete transmission, in the vicinity of a critical wavenumber where the fluid column between the obstacles is resonant.

75 citations