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DissertationDOI

Vice in a vicious society : crime and the community in mid-nineteenth century New South Wales

01 Jan 1980-
TL;DR: The authors argue that the impact of convictism on colonial crime and mores was greatly exaggerated and that crime was not simply grafted on to the colony, but reflected various concerns and interests, the conditions of a relatively affluent frontier community, and perhaps most importantly, an intense concern with respectability.
Abstract: As a receptacle for British convicts, New South Wales was popularly portrayed as a 'vicious' society. Crime and vice were considered the inevitable concomitants of a transported 'criminal class' and convict 'contamination'. The following study, focussing on the mid-nineteenth century, argues that the impact of convictism on colonial crime and mores was greatly exaggerated. Official criminal statistics, reportage in the press, as well as other contemporary evidence, all present in some ways a distorted view of crime. Crime was not simply grafted on to the colony, but reflected various concerns and interests, the conditions of a relatively affluent frontier community, and perhaps most importantly, an intense concern with respectability. The community's transformation from a penal colony was marked not only by a decreasing proportion of convicts in the population, but a reorientation in standards of public conduct, new fears concerning public order, and an obsessional interest in repudiating the convict stain.
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In the 1966 paperback edition of a publication which first appeared in 1963 has by now been widely reviewed as a worthy contribution to the sociological study of deviant behavior as discussed by the authors, and the authors developed a sequential model of deviance relying on the concept of career, a concept originally developed in studies of occupations.
Abstract: This 1966 paperback edition of a publication which first appeared in 1963 has by now been widely reviewed as a worthy contribution to the sociological study of deviant behavior. Its current appearance as a paperback is a testimonial both to the quality of the work and to the prominence of deviant behavior in this generation. In general the author places deviance in perspective, identifies types of deviant behavior, considers the role of rule makers and enforcers, and some of the problems in studying deviance. In addition, he develops a sequential model of deviance relying on the concept of career, a concept originally developed in studies of occupations. In his study of a particular kind of deviance, the use of marihuana, the author posits and tests systematically an hypothesis about the genesis of marihuana use for pleasure. The hypothesis traces the sequence of changes in individual attitude

2,650 citations

Journal Article
TL;DR: A New Britannia as discussed by the authors is essentially a history of the Labor Movement, but with a difference: it is not Humphrey M cQueen's prim ary intention to argue the significance of the strikes of the 1890s; to date with accuracy L abor's intention to enter politics; or to dissect the m ore notorious strikes.
Abstract: ONE O F TH E ASSUM PTIONS pervading the study of Australian history is that the working class and their political correlate the Labor Party were the bearers of what is distinctively Australian. It is perhaps for this reason the history of the Labor Movement is a favorite field of study for A ustralian historians. A New Britannia is essentially a history of the Labor M ovement — but with a difference. It is not Hum phrey M cQueen’s prim ary intention to argue the significance of the strikes of the 1890’s; to date with accuracy L abor’s intention to enter politics; or to dissect the m ore notorious strikes of the twentieth century. M cQueen refers to these other peaks in the history of the L abor M ovement and sometimes records a deviant interpretation. But the central impulse of the book is to locate the Labor M ovement in the m aterialistic, acquisitive perspectives of A ustralian society as a whole.

17 citations

References
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Journal ArticleDOI
Pat O'Malley1
TL;DR: In this paper, the notion of conditions of existence is discussed as a construct which avoids rigid determinism but allows for structural analysis of deviant behaviour in the context of bushranging in nineteenth century Australia.
Abstract: Largely because of its microsociological orientations, the sociology of deviance has failed to develop explanatory constructs for understanding the emergence, reproduction and disappearance of forms of deviant behaviour. In this paper the notion of ‘conditions of existence’ is discussed as a construct which avoids rigid determinism but allows for structural analysis. It is then used to explain the reproduction and demise of bushranging in nineteenth century Australia. As a form of ‘social banditry,’ bushranging depended for its existence on two conditions: class conflict which generated communal unity in rural areas, and the specific absence of politically institutionalised and effective means for structuring this conflict. Historical analysis of Australian bushranging indicates that the abrupt disappearance of the phenomenon in the 1880s, immediately after its highpoint in the Kelly outbreak, can be explained in terms of the disappearance of these two conditions of existence.

20 citations

Book
01 Jan 1973

20 citations

Book
01 Jan 1966

19 citations