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DissertationDOI

Vice in a vicious society : crime and the community in mid-nineteenth century New South Wales

01 Jan 1980-
TL;DR: The authors argue that the impact of convictism on colonial crime and mores was greatly exaggerated and that crime was not simply grafted on to the colony, but reflected various concerns and interests, the conditions of a relatively affluent frontier community, and perhaps most importantly, an intense concern with respectability.
Abstract: As a receptacle for British convicts, New South Wales was popularly portrayed as a 'vicious' society. Crime and vice were considered the inevitable concomitants of a transported 'criminal class' and convict 'contamination'. The following study, focussing on the mid-nineteenth century, argues that the impact of convictism on colonial crime and mores was greatly exaggerated. Official criminal statistics, reportage in the press, as well as other contemporary evidence, all present in some ways a distorted view of crime. Crime was not simply grafted on to the colony, but reflected various concerns and interests, the conditions of a relatively affluent frontier community, and perhaps most importantly, an intense concern with respectability. The community's transformation from a penal colony was marked not only by a decreasing proportion of convicts in the population, but a reorientation in standards of public conduct, new fears concerning public order, and an obsessional interest in repudiating the convict stain.
Citations
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In the 1966 paperback edition of a publication which first appeared in 1963 has by now been widely reviewed as a worthy contribution to the sociological study of deviant behavior as discussed by the authors, and the authors developed a sequential model of deviance relying on the concept of career, a concept originally developed in studies of occupations.
Abstract: This 1966 paperback edition of a publication which first appeared in 1963 has by now been widely reviewed as a worthy contribution to the sociological study of deviant behavior. Its current appearance as a paperback is a testimonial both to the quality of the work and to the prominence of deviant behavior in this generation. In general the author places deviance in perspective, identifies types of deviant behavior, considers the role of rule makers and enforcers, and some of the problems in studying deviance. In addition, he develops a sequential model of deviance relying on the concept of career, a concept originally developed in studies of occupations. In his study of a particular kind of deviance, the use of marihuana, the author posits and tests systematically an hypothesis about the genesis of marihuana use for pleasure. The hypothesis traces the sequence of changes in individual attitude

2,650 citations

Journal Article
TL;DR: A New Britannia as discussed by the authors is essentially a history of the Labor Movement, but with a difference: it is not Humphrey M cQueen's prim ary intention to argue the significance of the strikes of the 1890s; to date with accuracy L abor's intention to enter politics; or to dissect the m ore notorious strikes.
Abstract: ONE O F TH E ASSUM PTIONS pervading the study of Australian history is that the working class and their political correlate the Labor Party were the bearers of what is distinctively Australian. It is perhaps for this reason the history of the Labor Movement is a favorite field of study for A ustralian historians. A New Britannia is essentially a history of the Labor M ovement — but with a difference. It is not Hum phrey M cQueen’s prim ary intention to argue the significance of the strikes of the 1890’s; to date with accuracy L abor’s intention to enter politics; or to dissect the m ore notorious strikes of the twentieth century. M cQueen refers to these other peaks in the history of the L abor M ovement and sometimes records a deviant interpretation. But the central impulse of the book is to locate the Labor M ovement in the m aterialistic, acquisitive perspectives of A ustralian society as a whole.

17 citations

References
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Book
01 Jan 1967

43 citations

Book
01 Jan 1962

37 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Denis Maloney's crime was stealing currants and he was sent to the penal settlement at Port Macquarie as discussed by the authors with a seven year sentence and aged thirteen, where he was first housed in Carter's Barracks, but was later moved to the Penal Colony of New South Wales.
Abstract: Denis Maloney's crime was stealing currants. He arrived in New South Wales in 1831, with a seven year sentence and aged thirteen. He was first housed in Carter's Barracks, but was later moved to the penal settlement at Port Macquarie. In October 1833 he was caught sitting on the grass with an older boy, William Shea, when the rest of their gang was working, This earned him fifty lashes. Afterwards he tried twice to run away. He was therefore worked in irons until the winter of 1837, when he died, aged nineteen or twenty.1 This is not far from the stereotype which historians have formed of the convict's situation in New South Wales, at least for the years after about 1820. Maloney and his masters seem to have lived in a relationship which, for its simplicity, rivalled that which a mouse might form with a cat. It is true that R?ssel Ward has attributed to the convicts 'a certain

37 citations