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Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1080/2159676X.2019.1695655

Weight stigma, fat pedagogy and rediscovering the pleasures of movement: experiencing physical activity and fatness in a public health weight management programme

04 Mar 2021-Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health (Informa UK Limited)-Vol. 13, Iss: 2, pp 342-359
Abstract: Physical activity is typically part of public health weight management programmes in the UK, but despite critical debate about obesity science and discourse, fatness and physical activity, the focu...

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Topics: Weight stigma (64%), Public health (53%), Weight management (52%)
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Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.3390/IJERPH17072430
Abstract: One of the challenges today is to face fake news (false information) in health due to its potential impact on people's lives. This article contributes to a new application of social impact in social media (SISM) methodology. This study focuses on the social impact of the research to identify what type of health information is false and what type of information is evidence of the social impact shared in social media. The analysis of social media includes Reddit, Facebook, and Twitter. This analysis contributes to identifying how interactions in these forms of social media depend on the type of information shared. The results indicate that messages focused on fake health information are mostly aggressive, those based on evidence of social impact are respectful and transformative, and finally, deliberation contexts promoted in social media overcome false information about health. These results contribute to advancing knowledge in overcoming fake health-related news shared in social media.

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Topics: Social media (64%), Social change (62%), Mass media (55%)

61 Citations


Open accessJournal Article
Abstract: Obesity has been a major concern for both doctors and patients for many years. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the prevalence of obesity (defined as a body mass index of at least 30 kg/m2) in adults in the United States rose from 13.3% to 31.1% from 1960 to 2002. A study from The Journal of the American Medical Association from last year found that 34.9% (78.6 million) of adults in the United States are considered to be obese. Although it appears that obesity rates have recently stopped increasing in adults, obesity is still a significant problem, as it is associated with serious comorbidities, such as type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, gastroesophageal reflux disease, and various types of cancer, as well as an increase in early mortality. Interestingly, a July 24, 2015 article in The New York Times by Margot Sanger-Katz suggests that daily calorie consumption by the average US adult and child has decreased over the past decade. This reduction in calories—according to food diaries followed by researchers, logs from food bar codes, and measures of food production—is reflected in both higher- and lower-income individuals and in blacks and whites. This change in eating habits does not solve the obesity epidemic, but it does provide hope for future trends. In this issue of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, Dr Irene T. Ma and Dr James A. Madura II examine one way of dealing with the obesity epidemic—with bariatric surgery. The authors discuss the short- and long-term gastrointestinal complications for the 4 most common bariatric surgical procedures: laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding, vertical sleeve gastrectomy, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, and biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch. The authors note that the complications and mortality of bariatric procedures have decreased such that the risk-benefit ratio favors a broader application in the medically complicated obese population. Our other feature article this month discusses the importance of nutrition and diet in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Patients with IBD are increasingly becoming interested in nonpharmacologic approaches to disease management. One of their most frequently asked questions is what they should eat. Ms Karina Knight-Sepulveda, Dr Susan Kais, Dr Rebeca Santaolalla, and Dr Maria T. Abreu explore diets commonly recommended to IBD patients—such as the low—fermentable oligosaccharide, disaccharide, monosaccharide, and polyol diet; the specific carbohydrate diet; the anti-inflammatory diet; and the Paleolithic diet—and review the data currently available on them. Our IBD coverage continues with a discussion of very–early-onset IBD (VEOIBD) in our Advances in IBD column. Dr Scott B. Snapper explains how understanding this condition is leading to novel therapeutic approaches that can be used in both children and adults with IBD. In our Advances in Hepatology column, Dr Stuart C. Gordon provides an overview of polycystic liver disease, with a focus on treatment options and recent literature findings. Our other two standard monthly columns provide valuable images in the exploration of their topics. In our Advances in GERD column, Dr Robert M. Genta discusses lymphocytic esophagitis and supplies images of endoscopic and histopathologic findings of this condition. In our Advances in Endoscopy column, Dr Richard A. Kozarek examines a novel endoscopic approach to reopening a completely obstructed esophagus and provides a series of images depicting the steps of the procedure. In addition, our HCC in Focus column returns this month with an interview with Dr Richard S. Finn on the treatment of intermediate-stage hepatocellular carcinoma. Various treatment options are discussed, including chemoembolization performed with ethiodized oil (Lipiodol, Guerbet) or doxorubicin-loaded beads, and sorafenib (Nexavar, Bayer/Onyx) therapy. I hope you find this issue interesting and informative.

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Topics: Population (53%)

18 Citations


01 Jan 2016-
Abstract: Informed by reflective narration of one of the authors this chapter explores ways in which his career in dance has been challenged through mental ill health and the physical and emotional disruptions of age. The aim is to ‘position’ the performer as self, writer and researcher researched. Through the process the reader glimpses a reflexive dialogue concerned with transitions in ‘identity’ traced through embodied memory, dancing nostalgia, loss, reluctance, mental illness, and difference. In framing what they call a 'lifespan model', Myers, Sweeney and Witmer define wellness as '…a way of life oriented toward optimal health and well-being in which the body, mind, and spirit are integrated … to live more fully…”(1998: ). In order to explore this realm we engage with a construction of selves, where performance is not separated from the experience gained in making meaning of life, to paraphrase Kaprow and Kelly (1992). Our interest is to embrace realms of personal knowledge through appraising being-embodied and being-imaged and where being multiple and being singular tasks us with the curious phenomena of self-recognition. To address the affective resonance of self-recognition Being in Pieces utilises the material archive from the performances and installations of Falling Apart at the Seams (2008), Council House Movie Star (2012) and Dying Swans (2013) by delving into a distant dancing self and the somatic archaeology of performing past(s) retrieved, re-negotiated and re-languaged.

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Topics: Dance (55%), Meaning of life (50%)

9 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1080/11745398.2020.1767664
Louise Mansfield1Institutions (1)
Abstract: This critical commentary presents a selected overview of conceptual, theoretical and methodological trajectories in leisure and health. It includes critical scholarship about the meanings, politics...

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Topics: Scholarship (58%), Public health (51%)

9 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1080/07380577.2021.1972380
Abstract: Fat people are highly stigmatized, and anti-fat bias is pervasive resulting in stigma, prejudice, and discrimination, including in health care. The aim of this study was to explore occupational and physical therapy assistants' anti-fat biases. We analyzed secondary weight implicit association tests from 5,671 occupational/physical therapy assistants. The overwhelming majority (82%) of occupational/physical therapy assistants were implicitly prejudiced against fat people. Interventions for occupational/physical therapy assistants' anti-fat biases are critical, especially with increasing prevalence and responsibilities of occupational/physical therapy assistants in the provision of rehabilitation services.

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Topics: Occupational therapy (62%), Anti-fat bias (50%)

3 Citations


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90 results found


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1191/1478088706QP063OA
Virginia Braun1, Victoria Clarke2Institutions (2)
Abstract: Thematic analysis is a poorly demarcated, rarely acknowledged, yet widely used qualitative analytic method within psychology. In this paper, we argue that it offers an accessible and theoretically flexible approach to analysing qualitative data. We outline what thematic analysis is, locating it in relation to other qualitative analytic methods that search for themes or patterns, and in relation to different epistemological and ontological positions. We then provide clear guidelines to those wanting to start thematic analysis, or conduct it in a more deliberate and rigorous way, and consider potential pitfalls in conducting thematic analysis. Finally, we outline the disadvantages and advantages of thematic analysis. We conclude by advocating thematic analysis as a useful and flexible method for qualitative research in and beyond psychology.

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77,018 Citations


Journal ArticleDOI: 10.1177/146879410100100307
Abstract: The growth in qualitative research is a well-noted and welcomed fact within the social sciences; however, there is a regrettable lack of tools available for the analysis of qualitative material. There is a need for greater disclosure in qualitative analysis, and for more sophisticated tools to facilitate such analyses. This article details a technique for conducting thematic analysis of qualitative material, presenting a step-by-step guide of the analytic process, with the aid of an empirical example. The analytic method presented employs established, well-known techniques; the article proposes that thematic analyses can be usefully aided by and presented as thematic networks. Thematic networks are web-like illustrations that summarize the main themes constituting a piece of text. The thematic networks technique is a robust and highly sensitive tool for the systematization and presentation of qualitative analyses.

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Topics: Thematic analysis (63%)

4,015 Citations



Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.1038/OBY.2008.636
Rebecca M. Puhl1, Chelsea A. Heuer1Institutions (1)
01 May 2009-Obesity
Abstract: Obese individuals are highly stigmatized and face multiple forms of prejudice and discrimination because of their weight (1,2). The prevalence of weight discrimination in the United States has increased by 66% over the past decade (3), and is comparable to rates of racial discrimination, especially among women (4). Weight bias translates into inequities in employment settings, health-care facilities, and educational institutions, often due to widespread negative stereotypes that overweight and obese persons are lazy, unmotivated, lacking in selfdiscipline, less competent, noncompliant, and sloppy (2,5–7). These stereotypes are prevalent and are rarely challenged in Western society, leaving overweight and obese persons vulnerable to social injustice, unfair treatment, and impaired quality of life as a result of substantial disadvantages and stigma. In 2001, Puhl and Brownell published the first comprehensive review of several decades of research documenting bias and stigma toward overweight and obese persons (2). This review summarized weight stigma in domains of employment, health care, and education, demonstrating the vulnerability of obese persons to many forms of unfair treatment. Despite evidence of weight bias in important areas of living, the authors noted many gaps in research regarding the nature and extent of weight stigma in various settings, the lack of science on emotional and physical health consequences of weight bias, and the paucity of interventions to reduce negative stigma. In recent years, attention to weight bias has increased, with a growing recognition of the pervasiveness of weight bias and stigma, and its potential harmful consequences for obese persons. The aim of this article is to provide an update of scientific evidence on weight bias toward overweight and obese adults through a systematic review of published literature since the 2001 article by Puhl and Brownell. This review expands upon previous findings of weight bias in major domains of living, documents new areas where weight bias has been studied, and highlights ongoing research questions that need to be addressed to advance this field of study. A systematic literature search of studies published between January 2000 and May 2008 was undertaken on computerized psychological, medical, social science, sport, and education databases including PsycINFO, PubMed, SCOPUS, ERIC, and SPORTDiscus. The following keyword combinations were used: weight, obese, obesity, overweight, BMI, fat, fatness, size, heavy, large, appearance, big, heavyweight, bias, biased, discrimination, discriminatory, discriminate, stigma, stigmatized, stigmatization, prejudice, prejudicial, stereotype(s), stereotypical, stereotyping, victimization, victimize(d), blame(d), blaming, shame(d), shaming, teasing, tease(d), unfair, bully, bullying, harassment, assumptions, attributions, education, health, health care, sales, employment, wages, promotion, adoption, jury, customer service, housing, media, television. Reference lists of retrieved articles and books were also reviewed, and manual searches were conducted in the databases and journals for authors who had published in this field. Most studies retrieved for this review were published in the United States. Any articles published internationally are noted with their country of origin. Research on weight stigma in adolescents and children was excluded from this review, as this literature was recently reviewed elsewhere (8). Unpublished manuscripts and dissertations were also excluded. In addition, issues pertaining to measurement of weight stigmatization, and demographic variables affecting vulnerability to weight bias such as gender, age, race, and body weight are not addressed in this review. This article instead primarily reviews the evidence of specific areas where weight bias occurs toward adults and its consequences for those affected. This article is organized similarly to the first review published by Puhl and Brownell (2), with sections on weight bias in settings of employment, health care, and education. New sections have been added including weight bias in interpersonal relationships and the media, as well as psychological and physical health consequences of weight bias, and the status of stigma-reduction research. As with the 2001 article, this review also provides an update on legal initiatives to combat weight discrimination, and outlines specific questions for future research.

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Topics: Weight stigma (67%), Stigma (botany) (53%), Social stigma (53%)

2,460 Citations


Open accessJournal ArticleDOI: 10.46743/2160-3715/2010.1178
Daniel W. Turner1Institutions (1)
Abstract: Qualitative research design can be complicated depending upon the level of experience a researcher may have with a particular type of methodology. As researchers, many aspire to grow and expand their knowledge and experiences with qualitative design in order to better utilize diversified research paradigms for future investigations. One of the more popular areas of interest in qualitative research design is that of the interview protocol. Interviews provide in-depth information pertaining to participants’ experiences and viewpoints of a particular topic. Often times, interviews are coupled with other forms of data collection in order to provide the researcher with a well-rounded collection of information for analyses. This paper explores the effective ways to conduct in-depth, qualitative interviews for novice investigators by employing a step-by-step process for implementation. Key Words: Informal Conversational Interview, General Interview Guide, OpenEnded Interviews

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Topics: Semi-structured interview (65%), Interview (64%), Structured interview (61%) ... show more

1,868 Citations


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