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Proceedings ArticleDOI

Zigbee based wireless system for remote supervision and control of a substation

TL;DR: This project is the prototype for all electrical systems for which online monitoring and controlling is required and can implement in wide range for commercial buildings, substaions, etc.
Abstract: In dissonance with the limitations of present substation monitoring system, this paper introduced a Zigbee based wireless network system in traditional online monitoring system and the wireless online monitoring system. This system is constituted by a Zigbee sensor network nodes.and a zigbee coordinator node. The sensor terminal nodes are comprised by different type of sensors and Zigbee wireless modules which are spreaded evenly in monitoring area and its responsibilities are the data acquisition and transmission. The zigbee coordinator node is the control center and it is authoritative for network maintenance and data processing. The innovations of this paper broughts the efficienct monitoring and controlling. This project is the prototype for all electrical systems for which online monitoring and controlling is required. We can implement in wide range for commercial buildings, substaions, etc. Here Arduino is used for controlling and different zigbees can be interfaced by XCTU and substation controlling parameters can be monitered by a substation app which is developed by MIT app developer and Node MCU is a wi-fi module used for monitoring and controlling of current and voltage in the current transformer and voltage transformer respectively and temperature across the transformer.
Citations
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors explore existing networking communication technologies for the Internet of Things (IoT), with emphasis on encapsulation and routing protocols, and the relation between the IoT network protocols and the emerging IoT applications is also examined.
Abstract: Internet of Things (IoT) constitutes the next step in the field of technology, bringing enormous changes in industry, medicine, environmental care, and urban development. Various challenges are to be met in forming this vision, such as technology interoperability issues, security and data confidentiality requirements, and, last but not least, the development of energy efficient management systems. In this paper, we explore existing networking communication technologies for the IoT, with emphasis on encapsulation and routing protocols. The relation between the IoT network protocols and the emerging IoT applications is also examined. A thorough layer-based protocol taxonomy is provided, while how the network protocols fit and operate for addressing the recent IoT requirements and applications is also illustrated. What is the most special feature of this paper, compared to other survey and tutorial works, is the thorough presentation of the inner schemes and mechanisms of the network protocols subject to IPv6. Compatibility, interoperability, and configuration issues of the existing and the emerging protocols and schemes are discussed based on the recent advanced of IPv6. Moreover, open networking challenges such as security, scalability, mobility, and energy management are presented in relation to their corresponding features. Lastly, the trends of the networking mechanisms in the IoT domain are discussed in detail, highlighting future challenges.

127 citations


Cites background from "Zigbee based wireless system for re..."

  • ...In this manner, ZigBee IP is deemed as a promising asset in leveraging IoT applications....

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  • ...A IEEE 802.15.4 EPC global Z-Wave Taxonomy of IoT Networking Technologies IoT Protocol Challenges LPWAN Standards Existing Technology Data Link Layer Protocol Network Layer Encapsulation Protocols Network Layer Routing Protocols Security in IoT Protocols Security Quality of service Scalable Mobility Energy Efficiency roughput Reliability IEEE ETSI (LTN) 3GPP IETF Weightless SIG DASH7 Alliance LoRa Alliance Bluetooth - BLE ZigBee Z-Wave 6LoWPAN Wifi-ah(HaLow) LTE-A or eMTC (3GPP) 2G(GSM),3G,4G, 5G (3GPP) Weightless-N/-...

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  • ...The IoT paradigm relies on existing communication technologies such as Bluetooth, ZigBee,WiFi, and Long Term Evolution-Advanced (LTE-A), just to name a few....

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  • ...Similarly to Bluetooth, ZigBee has a large installed operation base, although probably more in industrial deployments....

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  • ...Contrary to similar protocols like Z-Wave and ZigBee, a unique characteristic of DigiMesh is that all networked devices are of the same type....

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Proceedings ArticleDOI
14 Dec 2020
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors provide an overview of IoT architectural layers and components, security issues and challenges at different layers, some solutions, and future directions, as well as future directions.
Abstract: The Internet of Things (IoT) is exponentially growth, however privacy and security vulnerabilities are major concerns against rapid adoption of this technology. Due to mainly its decentralized topology and the resource constraints of the majority of its devices, conventional security and privacy approaches are inapplicable for IoT. Interaction and communication between a large number of devices in a secure way is possible, but it can be expensive, time-consuming, and complex. Thus, there is a need for new security models rather than the current ones which are mostly centralized. This paper provides an overview of IoT architectural layers and components, security issues and challenges at different layers, some solutions, and future directions.

2 citations

Proceedings ArticleDOI
15 Jul 2020
TL;DR: This work focuses on the design of a wireless oximeter device that bases its operation on the integrated and power efficient MAX30100 circuitry, and a customized lightweight ZigBee – based protocol for wireless bio signals transfer.
Abstract: Oxygen levels and heart rate joint monitoring is based on specialized, and most of the times, expensive oximetry devices. According to literature, many studies highlight the necessity of connecting oximetry devises, under well-known wireless protocols, such as Bluetooth, Wifi, ZigBee and others, for more efficient real time monitoring of human bio signals. However, most of the studies indicate a gap regarding an energy efficient and cost - effective end to end system for wireless monitoring of oxygen and heart rates, in IoT medical applications. To this end, our work, focuses on the design of a wireless oximeter device that bases its operation on the integrated and power efficient MAX30100 circuitry, and a customized lightweight ZigBee - based protocol for wireless bio signals transfer.

2 citations


Additional excerpts

  • ...Figure 7: ZigBee Protocol Stack [12][21]...

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Proceedings ArticleDOI
15 Jul 2020
TL;DR: This work designs and proposes an optimized ZigBee – based lightweight end to end system to measure and evaluate plant action potentials, suitable for large scale use in agricultural IoT applications.
Abstract: The deployment and integration of a low power pervasive wireless sensor system, for measuring and processing action potentials bio signals for plants, is an interesting and challenging technical task. In our experiments, we focus on measuring electrical potentials for Chrysanthemum and Sansevieria plants. We note that the wireless pervasive sensor system, for real time data collection, should be optimally designed in terms of energy and communication costs. Therefore, in our work, we design and propose an optimized ZigBee - based lightweight end to end system to measure and evaluate plant action potentials. Our system's design functionality response results, demonstrated a significant reduction in the firmware code length, to be loaded in the microcontroller unit, potential use of 8 - bit microcontrollers with low memory capacity and reduced development costs for hundreds of measuring plant points and reduced processing and communication costs. All these results makes the system suitable for large scale use in agricultural IoT applications.

2 citations


Cites background from "Zigbee based wireless system for re..."

  • ...Many research works [10][11][12], propose the use of Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) Systems for plant monitoring in agriculture applications, in which technologies like Bluetooth, WiFi and ZigBee - based protocols has been used to connect small number of nodes....

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Proceedings ArticleDOI
11 Apr 2023
TL;DR: In this paper , a Zigbee-based wireless S CADA system (ZBWS) is proposed for cost reduction in the industrial environment, which is ideal for industries where it is too expensive to install wired SCADA systems in remote locations.
Abstract: The advancement of the remote monitoring industry has become more level-playing in recent years. This means that companies can now monitor their equipment remotely, without having to be present onsite. With the introduction of wireless S CADA systems, these systems became more affordable and efficient. SCADA systems have advanced significantly in the field of process control in recent years. SCADA is a supervisory control that is very important in the automation industry. Today, SCADA is required to control the process from any distance. Additionally, the potential for additional features such as security, process parameter control, and visualization paves the way for SCADA to become a powerful tool for industrial applications. Using SCADA, the entire process area can be monitored remotely. Automatic process manipulation, warning system, and automatic report generation are huge advantages of SCADA. Wireless SCADA is ideal for industries where it is too expensive to install wired SCADA systems in remote locations. Fortunately, wireless SCADA systems offer all the benefits of wired systems without the expense and hassle of wiring everything. In this study, an innovative prototype of a Zigbee-based wireless S CADA system (ZBWS) is proposed for cost reduction.
References
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This paper surveys context awareness from an IoT perspective and addresses a broad range of techniques, methods, models, functionalities, systems, applications, and middleware solutions related to context awareness and IoT.
Abstract: As we are moving towards the Internet of Things (IoT), the number of sensors deployed around the world is growing at a rapid pace. Market research has shown a significant growth of sensor deployments over the past decade and has predicted a significant increment of the growth rate in the future. These sensors continuously generate enormous amounts of data. However, in order to add value to raw sensor data we need to understand it. Collection, modelling, reasoning, and distribution of context in relation to sensor data plays critical role in this challenge. Context-aware computing has proven to be successful in understanding sensor data. In this paper, we survey context awareness from an IoT perspective. We present the necessary background by introducing the IoT paradigm and context-aware fundamentals at the beginning. Then we provide an in-depth analysis of context life cycle. We evaluate a subset of projects (50) which represent the majority of research and commercial solutions proposed in the field of context-aware computing conducted over the last decade (2001-2011) based on our own taxonomy. Finally, based on our evaluation, we highlight the lessons to be learnt from the past and some possible directions for future research. The survey addresses a broad range of techniques, methods, models, functionalities, systems, applications, and middleware solutions related to context awareness and IoT. Our goal is not only to analyse, compare and consolidate past research work but also to appreciate their findings and discuss their applicability towards the IoT.

2,542 citations

Proceedings ArticleDOI
08 Apr 2011
TL;DR: This paper presents a detailed study of Zigbee wireless standard, IEEE 802.15.4 specification, ZigBee device types, the protocol stack architecture and its applications.
Abstract: Wireless Sensor Networks are being gradually introduced in different application scenarios. ZigBee is one of the most widely used transceiver standard in wireless sensor networks. ZigBee over IEEE 802.15.4., defines specifications for low data rate WPAN (LR-WPAN) to support low power monitoring and controlling devices. This paper presents a detailed study of Zigbee wireless standard, IEEE 802.15.4 specification, ZigBee device types, the protocol stack architecture and its applications.

134 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The principles of a low-operational-cost but flexible Internet-based data-acquisition system using an embedded hardware running a scaled-down version of Linux that eliminates the need for server software and maintenance is presented.
Abstract: In this paper, we present the principles of a low-operational-cost but flexible Internet-based data-acquisition system. The main core of the system is an embedded hardware running a scaled-down version of Linux: a popular choice of operating system for embedded applications. The embedded device communicates through general packet radio service (GPRS), which makes it accessible from anywhere in the world through a Web server built into the embedded device. In addition, GPRS provides a bidirectional real-time data transfer allowing interaction. The proposed system eliminates the need for server software and maintenance. A novel approach is introduced to minimize the operational costs while operating with a large amount of data. The system is demonstrated to be suitable for different embedded applications by attaching several real-time modules through appropriate interfaces.

54 citations

Proceedings ArticleDOI
25 Apr 2009
TL;DR: This paper presents the design and application of wirless sensor network web server based on S3C2410 and Zigbee protocol that can realize real-time motoring and control for the remote object.
Abstract: Remote control network is a research focus in the application domain of wireless communication technology. Zigbee technology makes up for the vacancy of wireless communication market in the low-cost and low-power equipment domain. This paper presents the design and application of wirless sensor network web server based on S3C2410 and Zigbee protocol. This server can realize real-time motoring and control for the remote object. With B/S structures and modular design method, hardware and software design is introduced, and key implementation techniques are described. It has been proved that the server runs stability and has good scalability, which can be widely used in smart home, monitoring systems, industrial control, and other fields

10 citations