scispace - formally typeset
Search or ask a question

Does music therapy improve the communication skills of adults with low-functioning autism disorder? 

Best insight from top research papers

Music therapy has been shown to have positive effects on communication skills in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) . However, the available evidence focuses primarily on children and adolescents with ASD, and there is limited research specifically on adults with low-functioning autism disorder . The studies included in the literature review examined the effects of music therapy on a range of outcomes, including global improvement, total autism symptom severity, and quality of life . While music therapy was found to be associated with an increased chance of global improvement and a reduction in autism symptom severity, there is no clear evidence of its impact on social interaction and verbal communication . Therefore, more research is needed to specifically investigate the effects of music therapy on communication skills in adults with low-functioning autism disorder.

Answers from top 4 papers

More filters
Papers (4)Insight
Yes, music-based interventions have been found to improve social and participation outcomes, including communication skills, for individuals with autism spectrum disorder.
The provided information does not mention anything about the effects of music therapy on adults with low-functioning autism disorder.
The current literature review does not provide a strong statement about the effects of music therapy on communication skills in adults with low-functioning autism disorder.
The review found no clear evidence of a difference in communication skills for adults with low-functioning autism disorder immediately after music therapy intervention.

Related Questions

How does speech therapy contribute to the overall development and communication skills of autistic children?4 answersSpeech therapy plays a crucial role in enhancing the development and communication skills of autistic children. It helps in addressing language impairments commonly seen in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), such as semantic, pragmatic, syntactic, paralinguistic, and phonological difficulties. Early intervention through speech therapy is emphasized as it significantly contributes to controlling social and communication development in children with ASD. Therapeutic communication techniques, including functional communication strategies, motivate children to improve eye contact and enhance proper communication, leading to the development of social skills and overall quality of life. Speech therapists play a vital role in interpreting and contextualizing intervention processes to benefit the patient effectively. Ultimately, speech therapy interventions are effective in promoting the communicative development of autistic children.
Does music intervention improve social skills in children with autism spectrum disorder?4 answersMusic intervention has been shown to improve social skills in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). A meta-analysis of eight randomized controlled trials found that music therapy (MT) was associated with a significant increase in social reactions among children with ASD. Another study implemented a mixed intervention program of both MT and dance/movement therapy (DMT) in the family setting and found that it reduced autism severity and improved social communication impairment in children with ASD. Additionally, a pilot study showed that music interventions improved emotion recognition in facial expressions, which is important for social interaction, in children with high-functioning ASD. These findings suggest that music intervention can be an effective approach for improving social skills in children with ASD.
How does dance movement psychotherapy impact adult with Autism spectrum disorder?5 answersDance movement psychotherapy has been found to have positive impacts on adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in terms of their quality of life, functioning, and empathy. It has been shown to support the specific needs and address the difficulties faced by adults with ASD in emotional communication, social interactions, reciprocity, and expression. Dance movement therapy interventions have been found to enhance the wellbeing and resilience of parents of children with ASD, providing them with emotional support and psychological benefits. Additionally, dance movement psychotherapy has been found to have potential benefits for adults with ASD in terms of their social development, enjoyment, improved understanding of themselves, insight, and relationship-building. However, further research is needed to fully understand the impact of dance movement psychotherapy on adults with ASD and to develop intervention programs that enhance their quality of life and independence.
What are the best interventions for tantrum behavior in adults with autism spectrum disorder?5 answersThere is limited research on interventions for tantrum behavior in adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, psychological therapies have shown promise in improving mental health conditions in adults with ASD, including anxiety and depression. Some of the psychological therapies that have been researched extensively for adults with ASD include social skills interventions, cognitive behavior therapy techniques, and mindfulness-based approaches. Additionally, nutritional interventions, such as special diets and supplements, are commonly used in ASD and may have an impact on behavioral symptoms. However, there is no consensus on the optimal nutritional therapy for ASD. Further research is needed to determine the most effective interventions for tantrum behavior in adults with ASD.
How treatment fidelity stratedies were adressed in recent RCTs of music therapy for autism?3 answersTreatment fidelity strategies in recent RCTs of music therapy for autism have been addressed through various methods. One study proposed the use of a standardized framework that incorporates neuroimaging tools as objective markers of changes induced by music therapy, along with functional and behavioral outputs. Another study outlined strategies for ensuring treatment fidelity, including training intervention providers, testing interventionist competence, and assessing intervention protocol adherence. In a different study, treatment fidelity was assessed using the Modular Evidence-Based Practices for Youth with Autism Fidelity Scale (MEYA-FS), which measured adherence and competence in delivering cognitive-behavioral treatments for youth with autism. These studies highlight the importance of monitoring and enhancing treatment fidelity in music therapy interventions for autism, in order to strengthen the reliability and validity of the interventions and ensure research quality.
Does music therapy improve optimism and pessimism of children with autism disorder?4 answersMusic therapy has been widely used to help children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The Papageno Music Therapy Program (PMTP) has shown favorable development in the social behavior of children with ASD. A randomized controlled trial found that music therapy was more effective than simply listening to music in improving autistic symptoms such as lethargy and stereotypy. Music therapy can have a positive effect on communication in high-functioning children with ASD, due to its calming and activating effects. However, none of the abstracts specifically mention the impact of music therapy on optimism and pessimism in children with ASD. Therefore, it is unclear whether music therapy directly improves optimism and pessimism in this population. Further research is needed to explore the effects of music therapy on these specific aspects of emotional well-being in children with ASD.

See what other people are reading

What is habituation?
5 answers
Habituation is a fundamental form of learning observed across various organisms, crucial for behavioral adaptation to sensory stimuli. It involves the organism's ability to adjust responses to repeated stimuli, protecting the brain from sensory overload. Habituation is not merely a simple process but involves complex molecular pathways and neurotransmitter systems in the vertebrate brain, indicating a high level of intricacy in its regulation. Furthermore, habituation is context-specific and involves cognitive processes rather than just peripheral sensory adaptation or fatigue. In artificial neuromorphic computing, habituation emulation is challenging due to its dual response nature, but recent advancements have shown promise in fabricating devices that exhibit habituation behavior. Overall, habituation is a conserved, cognition-relevant process that plays a crucial role in both health and disease states, offering potential insights for research and treatment of neurodevelopmental disorders.
What kind of nutrition can help male athlete to recover within 2 days?
4 answers
To aid male athletes in recovering within 2 days, a combination of carbohydrate (CHO) and protein (PRO) intake has shown effectiveness. Consuming 1.2 g/kg of body mass of CHO or a mix of 0.8 g/kg of CHO and 0.4 g/kg of PRO can enhance glycogen resynthesis and subsequent performance. Additionally, a high-carbohydrate diet is crucial for glycogen restoration, with recommendations of 10 g of carbohydrate per kg of body weight post-exercise and continuous intake every 30 minutes for about 5 hours. Furthermore, nutritional strategies like supplementation with tart cherries, beetroot, pomegranate, creatine monohydrate, and vitamin D have shown promise in reducing exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD). By following these dietary guidelines and incorporating specific supplements, male athletes can optimize their recovery within a 2-day timeframe.
Which are the roles of NRP1 in endothelial cells?
5 answers
Neuropilin-1 (NRP1) plays crucial roles in endothelial cells. It stabilizes adherens junctions, interacts with VE-cadherin, and promotes cytoskeletal remodeling under normal flow conditions, maintaining endothelial quiescence. NRP1 also acts as an endocytic chaperone for adhesion receptors, influencing vascular permeability and VE-cadherin turnover. Moreover, NRP1's interaction with VEGF receptors and co-receptors affects blood vessel growth and remodeling, with distinct subcellular localization impacting receptor activity and signaling. In angiogenesis, NRP1 binds to VEGF isoforms, influencing VEGFR activation and cell adhesion to the extracellular matrix. Additionally, in bladder urothelial carcinoma, NRP1 promotes proliferation, migration, and invasion, affecting MAPK signaling and cancer pathways. Overall, NRP1 emerges as a multifaceted regulator in endothelial cells, influencing various cellular processes and disease progression.
How does the prevalence of NAFLD vary among type 2 diabetes patients of different age groups?
5 answers
The prevalence of Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) among Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM) patients varies across different age groups. Studies indicate that the prevalence of NAFLD in DM patients ranges from 45.8% to 67%. Specifically, in patients aged between 25 to 84 years, the prevalence was found to be around 57%. Furthermore, the correlation between glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels and NAFLD was noted, with higher HbA1c levels correlating with an incremental prevalence of NAFLD. These findings suggest that older age groups within the diabetic population may have a higher prevalence of NAFLD, emphasizing the importance of monitoring and managing NAFLD in patients with Type 2 DM across different age brackets.
What is the current status of healthcare access and utilization among Dalit women in India?
5 answers
Healthcare access and utilization among Dalit women in India faces significant challenges. Studies reveal that Dalit women are more likely to be deprived of healthcare services compared to men from the general category. Factors such as poverty and caste discrimination contribute to the migration of Dalit women to urban areas, where they often work in the unorganized sector and struggle with increased healthcare expenditures. Additionally, social identity plays a crucial role in shaping perceptions and experiences of healthcare providers and seekers, leading to discrimination in access based on caste. Efforts by grassroots organizations, like Jagrutha Mahila Sanghatane, have shown that a human rights-based social accountability approach can empower Dalit women to claim dignity and justice in accessing maternal health services, highlighting the importance of addressing structural inequalities in healthcare.
What are the potential negative consequences of neglecting emotional labor in the executive office for both leaders and organizations?
5 answers
Neglecting emotional labor in the executive office can have detrimental effects on both leaders and organizations. Failure to address emotional labor may lead to increased emotional exhaustion among employees, impacting individual well-being and organizational performance. Additionally, the absence of emotional labor support can result in higher risks of work-related physical and psychological health problems, such as headaches, muscular pain, fatigue, and depressive symptoms. For leaders specifically, neglecting emotional labor can lead to higher emotional exhaustion and lower job satisfaction, particularly when surface acting is prevalent. Furthermore, the underrepresentation of women in top leadership positions can be attributed to the costs associated with emotional labor, potentially deterring women from pursuing or retaining high-power roles. Overall, neglecting emotional labor can have cascading negative consequences on leaders' well-being, organizational trust, and overall performance.
Why C60 adsorption carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide?
5 answers
C60 adsorption of carbon monoxide (CO) and carbon dioxide (CO2) is significant due to its catalytic activities and gas sensing properties. The interaction of metal oxides (MOs) with C60 enhances gas adsorption efficiency, making MO-C60 complexes more effective adsorbents for gases like CO and CO2 compared to C60 alone. Additionally, simulations show that Ti-supported C60 surfaces exhibit strong CO2 adsorption and activation, with notable charge transfer between Ti and C60, highlighting the potential for CO2 capture. Furthermore, the formation of imidazolium-fulleride ionic complexes demonstrates enhanced interactions with CO2 molecules, indicating the promising role of cyano-fullerides in CO2 capture applications. Overall, the adsorption of CO and CO2 on C60 and its complexes showcases their potential in environmental applications and gas sensing technologies.
Are there any human studies showing that oxytocin is involved in social reward?
5 answers
Human studies have demonstrated that oxytocin plays a crucial role in social reward processing. Research has shown that oral oxytocin enhances brain responses to emotional faces in both males and females, strengthening coupling between reward and social cognition regions. In individuals with schizophrenia, oxytocin administration during a social learning task modulated reward-processing networks in the brain, potentially linked to the pathoaetiology of the disorder. Furthermore, oxytocin has been implicated in shifting drug-induced reward to social-induced reward, highlighting its role in managing substance use disorder. Additionally, oxytocin, whether administered intranasally or orally, has been found to enhance the pleasantness of social touch and activate brain regions associated with reward and social processing, particularly in response to gentle stroking touch.
What are the specific barriers that Dalit women face in accessing healthcare services, and how can these be addressed?
5 answers
Dalit women face various barriers in accessing healthcare services, including discrimination, stigma, financial burdens, and lack of awareness and services. These barriers lead to outcasting from families, homelessness, and limited access to mental health support. To address these challenges, interventions such as official mental health education, increased training of specialists, and the establishment of mental health safe houses are recommended. Additionally, empowering Dalit women through cost-effective healthcare practices and addressing poverty and caste discrimination can improve their quality of life and access to healthcare services. Combining efforts to combat violations of rules, like fake advertisements by witch doctors, can also enhance the reliability and availability of healthcare services for Dalit communities.
What is the current state of healthcare access and utilization among Dalit women in India?
5 answers
Dalit women in India face significant challenges in accessing healthcare services due to various factors such as caste discrimination, poverty, and gender disparities. Studies highlight that Dalit women are 1.37 times more likely to lack access to healthcare compared to men from the general category. The disparities within sub-castes of Dalits further exacerbate the inequalities in healthcare access. Grassroots organizations like Jagrutha Mahila Sanghatane have implemented social accountability approaches to address discrimination and improve access to maternal health services for Dalit women. Despite government initiatives like reservations and efforts to eradicate the caste system, Dalit women still struggle with basic healthcare needs, leading to increased out-of-pocket expenditures and challenges in improving their quality of life. Extensive gender discrimination in healthcare access affects young and elderly women, especially those living far from hospitals in India.
Does students that are 18 above years old are using chatbot?
4 answers
University students aged 18 and above are indeed using chatbots, as indicated by research studies. The acceptance of chatbots, such as ChatGPT, among university students has been explored, showing that factors like experience, performance expectancy, hedonic motivation, and habit influence their intention to use chatbots. Additionally, a study focusing on adolescents aged 10-19 found that chatbots were utilized in nutrition and physical activity interventions, with feasibility and acceptability varying across studies but showing promising effects in some cases. Furthermore, a pilot study at the University of Leeds introduced an online chat platform with a chatbot to enhance student engagement, particularly among mature students transitioning into higher education, highlighting the importance of utilizing chatbots to connect with students of different age groups.