scispace - formally typeset
Search or ask a question

How can corporate water footprints be assessed? 

Best insight from top research papers

Corporate water footprints can be assessed through various methods. One approach is to use survey scales to evaluate water footprint management initiatives implemented by companies, particularly in supply chains and the agriculture industry . Another method involves calculating the water footprint throughout the production cycle, from the supply chain to the end user, and making modifications to the standard calculation method to meet the specific requirements of each production unit . Additionally, a practical methodological approach has been proposed to assess the water footprint at the organizational level, combining the requirements of ISO 14046 for water footprint and ISO/TS 14072 for organizational life cycle assessment (O-LCA) . This approach provides guidance on scoping, inventory, and impact assessment phases, as well as data collection prioritization for water scarcity footprint studies . Furthermore, the organizational water footprint method based on ISO 14046 and ISO/TS 14072 has been used to assess the water scarcity footprint of companies, allowing for the identification of hotspots and the development of strategies to reduce water consumption in supply chains . Finally, spatially explicit water footprints can be developed using life cycle assessment to identify problematic materials and sources in a supply chain, taking into account the spatial distribution of water resources .

Answers from top 4 papers

More filters
Papers (4)Insight
The paper discusses the use of life cycle assessment (LCA) to assess corporate water footprints. It also mentions the use of spatially explicit methods, such as the water footprint network's standard for "WFA," which accounts for differences in water use based on regional water scarcity and irrigation needs.
The paper provides a method for assessing corporate water footprints based on ISO 14046 and ISO/TS 14072 standards.
The paper provides a practical methodological approach to assess corporate water footprints, which involves comparing ISO 14046 and ISO/TS 14072 standards and prioritizing data collection for water scarcity footprint studies.
The paper provides a set of measurement survey items that can be used to evaluate water footprint management initiatives implemented in agri-food supply chains. However, it does not specifically mention how corporate water footprints can be assessed.

Related Questions

How to measure sustainability for corporations?5 answersMeasuring sustainability for corporations involves the use of various methodologies and frameworks. However, existing approaches have limitations and lack a cohesive and applicable measure of corporate sustainability across firms, industries, and geographies. One approach is the use of indexes that aggregate different indicators to assess sustainability. Multicriteria methods, such as PROMETHEE II, have been applied to evaluate sustainability, with a focus on non-compensatory methods to avoid trade-offs among dimensions. Another approach is the use of inference engines, such as the hybrid rough and grey set theory, to measure the readiness level of banks for sustainability auditing. Additionally, a balanced scorecard framework can be used, considering economic, environmental, social, and learning dimensions, along with indicators from global reporting initiatives and corporate social responsibility reports. A new measurement method called Multimoora Sort has also been proposed for evaluating corporate sustainability performance.
What are the best practices for measuring corporate sustainability?5 answersMeasuring corporate sustainability involves several best practices. One important aspect is defining and measuring corporate sustainability practices (CSP) or triple bottom line (TBL) performance. However, there is currently no standard method for measuring CSP, which remains a challenge in the field. Another best practice is to focus on material sustainability metrics, as recent studies have shown that improving performance on these metrics is related to improved financial performance. Additionally, using machine learning and text analytic methods can help analyze a large volume of sustainability disclosures and extract relevant information. It is also crucial to consider the communication and dissemination of sustainability practices to stakeholders, as this plays a significant role in understanding and implementing sustainability initiatives. Finally, a comprehensive guide to implementing and measuring the effectiveness of sustainability initiatives can provide valuable insights and best practices from companies worldwide.
What is the Corporate Carbon Footprint?5 answersThe corporate carbon footprint is a measurement standard used by the private sector to assess the carbon emission impact of an organization. It is a tool for greenhouse gas emissions reporting and involves calculating the total amount of greenhouse gas emissions produced by a company's operations and facilities within a specific boundary. This can include emissions from activities such as energy use, fuel consumption, and waste management. The corporate carbon footprint is important for companies to understand their environmental impact, set reduction targets, and implement strategies to minimize emissions. It is also relevant for companies to comply with regulations, respond to stakeholder demands, and potentially explore revenue opportunities in carbon trading markets.
What are the most important environmental indicators used by companies?5 answersEnvironmental performance indicators (EPIs) are important tools used by companies to measure and manage their environmental impact. These indicators provide information on the environmental aspect of a company's business and help in assessing and documenting environmental performance. They enable companies to review their environmental performance systematically and make informed decisions for future improvements. Some of the most commonly used environmental indicators include energy consumption, materials use, non-product output, pollutant releases, and the impact on ecosystems, land, air, and water. These indicators help companies understand their performance, set goals, and track progress towards environmental sustainability. They also provide management with the necessary information to make decisions for strategic advantages and performance reporting. By measuring and reporting on these indicators, companies can demonstrate their commitment to environmental responsibility and transparency, which is increasingly demanded by stakeholders and the investment community.
How do I estimate the cost of use of water in a industrial process?4 answersTo estimate the cost of water use in an industrial process, several factors need to be considered. First, objective data should be obtained to calculate approximate costs. The evaluation of energy consumption and product cost is important in the process design. Additionally, the geographic location of water withdrawal and the use of different prices for water across geographies can impact cost estimates. It is also necessary to assess the actual amount of industrial water use in a specific area using registered data. A general model can be developed to minimize the cost of water by considering the intake, reuse, and discharge of industrial water. Improving water reuse technology and the price of water are key factors in determining the rational water reuse ratio. By considering these factors and using appropriate methodologies, the cost of water use in an industrial process can be estimated accurately.
What is ecological footprint measured in?7 answers

See what other people are reading

What are the benefits of cooperatives for rural development?
5 answers
Cooperatives have several benefits for rural development. They provide a mechanism for collective bargaining and protection of the financial interests of the impoverished and underrepresented in society. Cooperatives, particularly agricultural cooperatives, play a crucial role in achieving sustainability goals by effectively using local resources and providing solutions to economic, social, and environmental problems in rural areas. They contribute to the economic development of societies by creating employment opportunities and increasing income levels. Cooperatives also have the potential to reduce rural poverty and enhance social inclusion by promoting members' socio-economic development and increasing people's control over local economies. The Integrated Cooperative Model (ICM) has been effective in linking the rural poor in terms of production, marketing support, and financial services, and member-based education and training are recommended to enhance cooperative effectiveness. Positive government intervention is also needed to punish those who misuse cooperative funds.
Influence of Fossil Fuel Dependency on EU Energy Security Strategy?
4 answers
The EU's energy security strategy is heavily influenced by its dependency on fossil fuels. The reliance on Russian fossil fuel imports has posed challenges to the energy security of European countries, particularly those heavily dependent on Russian resources. The energy crisis in Europe, conflicts between Russia and Ukraine, and rising energy costs have further exacerbated the issue. To address this, European countries have implemented various strategies such as diversifying energy sources, increasing energy efficiency, and promoting renewable energy. The EU has also imposed energy bans and implemented policies to reduce dependency on Russian energy imports. Transitioning to renewable energy sources and reducing dependency on Russian imports are seen as crucial steps towards enhancing energy security in the EU. By adopting these measures, the EU aims to achieve carbon neutrality and decarbonize its energy industry while ensuring energy security.
What are thebias and discrimination by AI ?
4 answers
Bias and discrimination in AI refer to the unfair treatment or unequal outcomes that can occur as a result of algorithmic decision-making. Algorithmic discrimination can manifest in various ways, including feature-selective discrimination, associative discrimination, and big data-enabled price discrimination. The causes of algorithmic discrimination can be attributed to original bias, learning bias, and external bias. Efforts to regulate bias and discrimination in AI systems focus on identifying and minimizing risks rather than imposing blanket bans. Algorithmic bias can lead to unfair results and inequalities, shaping people's thinking and potentially resulting in discrimination. In the context of mortgage applications, bias has been observed, with black applicants being more likely to be declined a mortgage compared to white applicants with similar circumstances. The use of machine-learning models without human involvement can amplify bias and discrimination, cautioning against their use in decision-making with significant implications.
What are some examples of bias and discrimination by AI?
4 answers
Bias and discrimination by AI can manifest in various ways. One example is algorithmic discrimination, which includes feature-selective discrimination, associative discrimination, and big data-enabled price discrimination. Another example is the use of AI in hiring decisions, where discrimination based on gender can occur. Additionally, bias can be present in the detection of skin color, leading to discriminatory outcomes. In the field of medicine, AI models have been shown to exhibit racial bias, such as assigning higher estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) to patients identifying as Black. The Kidney Donor Risk Index is another model that assigns higher predicted risk of kidney graft failure to patients identifying as Black, potentially exacerbating inequality in access to organs for transplantation. These examples highlight the need for regulation and mitigation strategies to address bias and discrimination in AI systems.
What does the literature say about attachment style, emotion regulation, and neural correlates?
4 answers
Attachment style is associated with emotion regulation and has neural correlates. Insecure attachment styles, such as avoidant and anxious attachment, are linked to maladaptive coping strategies and altered neural patterns during emotion processing. Secure attachment is consistently associated with balanced emotion regulation, while insecure attachment is related to impaired or dysfunctional emotion regulation. Neuroimaging studies have shown that attachment style is correlated with activation in brain regions involved in emotion processing, such as the amygdala, prefrontal cortex, and limbic circuits. Structural deficits in personality organization, which can be influenced by attachment style, also play a role in emotion regulation and substance abuse. Further research is needed to understand the complex interactions between attachment style, emotion regulation, and neural correlates, taking into account various factors such as gender, personality traits, and early-life experiences.
How demand reduction, transition to bio based feedstocks and adopting circular economy principle can mitigate climate change?
4 answers
The transition to bio-based feedstocks and the adoption of circular economy principles can help mitigate climate change by reducing demand, promoting sustainability, and maximizing resource efficiency. By fully integrating the organic chemical sector into the bioeconomy and partially integrating the energy sector, the conflict between feedstock demand and availability can be mitigated. Circular economy strategies in sectors such as the built environment, transport, food system, and clean energy can complement decarbonization measures and further reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Implementing circular and cascading use of wood in forestry value-chains can increase carbon sequestration, reduce emissions, and enhance climate change mitigation. Circular economy strategies in the environmental sector, such as shifting towards green fuels and biofuels, can limit the impacts of rising energy demand and reduce CO2 and particulate matter emissions. Closing the loop in the flow of carbon, nutrients, and water between agriculture, the human diet, and sanitation services can deliver multiple benefits for public health, food security, and climate mitigation.
What are the key mechanisms that control mitochondrial dynamics?
4 answers
Mitochondrial dynamics, including fusion and fission, are regulated by a variety of mechanisms. Proteins such as Mitofusin 1 (MFN1), Mitofusin 2 (MFN2), and optic atrophy 1 (OPA1) are involved in mitochondrial fusion, while mitochondrial fission 1 (FIS1) and dynamin-related protein 1 (DRP1) mediate mitochondrial fission. These proteins interact with each other to maintain mitochondrial quality control and ensure cellular metabolic homeostasis. Additionally, other proteins such as guanosine triphosphatases (GTPases) and mitochondrial receptors, including Fis1, Mff, and MIEFs, play crucial roles in regulating mitochondrial dynamics. Post-translational proteolysis and turnover are also important mechanisms for regulating the function of these proteins. The endoplasmic reticulum (ER), actin cytoskeleton, and membrane phospholipids have been identified as additional regulators of mitochondrial dynamics. Overall, the coordination of these mechanisms is essential for maintaining the balance between mitochondrial fusion and fission and ensuring proper mitochondrial network organization.
What are the effects of organic amendments on the growth and yield of Zea mays?
4 answers
Organic amendments have been found to have positive effects on the growth and yield of Zea mays. Inam Irshad and Muhammad Anwar-ul-Haq found that the application of farmyard manure and compost at increased doses significantly improved the shoot and root length, fresh weight, and dry weight of maize plants, as well as chlorophyll content. Olajumoke Abimbola et al. observed that the addition of cassava peel, sawdust, and leaves of Cedrela odorata to the soil significantly improved plant height, leaf numbers, stem girth, and leaf area, while reducing the severity of stalk rot caused by Fusarium verticillioides. Another study by Khadim Dawar et al. showed that the combined application of biochar and vermicompost with recommended NPK fertilizer resulted in significant improvements in maize plant height, 1000 grains weight, biological yield, and grain yield, as well as soil nutrient concentration. These findings suggest that organic amendments can enhance the growth and yield of Zea mays, making them a valuable tool for improving crop productivity.
Is chitosane a polyelectrolyte?
4 answers
Chitosan is a polyelectrolyte.
What is l plastin?
4 answers
L-plastin is an actin-binding protein that plays a role in the dynamic rearrangement of the actin cytoskeleton. It is involved in tumor cell metastasis and is induced by Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection in gastric cancer cells. L-plastin promotes gastric cancer cell proliferation and migration, as well as the growth and metastasis of gastric cancer. In T-cells, L-plastin regulates activation, migration, and immune synapse formation. L-plastin deficiency in zebrafish affects the macrophage response and may have consequences for organismal immunity. L-plastin is normally expressed in hematopoietic cells but is often ectopically expressed in malignant cancer cells of non-hematopoietic origin. Post-translational modification, such as phosphorylation, modulates L-plastin activity and is important for immune response, invasion, and metastasis formation. L-plastin may serve as a biomarker and therapeutic target in cancer.
What are the main threats to terrestrial orchids?
4 answers
The main threats to terrestrial orchids include plant collection for human use, wrong habitat management, disturbance to symbionts such as pollinators and mycorrhizal fungi, habitat destruction and fragmentation, climate change, pollution, transportation, disturbance/development for tourism and recreation activities, land clearing for shifting agriculture, and illegal collecting. These threats have led to a decline in wild orchid populations, with terrestrial orchids being particularly vulnerable. Terrestrial orchids have a long life cycle and are highly dependent on mycorrhizal fungi for germination and establishment. The loss of suitable habitats and the depletion of their fungal symbionts further contribute to their decline. Conservation efforts should focus on protecting local healthy populations, implementing sustainable plant collection practices, and addressing the broader threats of habitat destruction, climate change, and illegal collecting.