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How can the values of non-human entities be incorporated into the design process? 

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The values of non-human entities can be incorporated into the design process by adopting methodologies that go beyond human-centered design (HCD) and consider more-than-human perspectives . This involves engaging with non-human actors and decentering human perspectives in design proposals. One approach is to utilize Uexküll's concept of "Umwelt" as a guiding notion and creatively visualize overlapping Umwelts to create moments of decentering . Another approach is to adopt the intentional stance, a concept from philosophy, which provides a heuristic for more-than-human participatory design . Additionally, the emerging practice of biodesign incorporates living organisms into the design process, challenging the separation of life as the prerogative of humans from the life of animals and nonhuman entities . By considering interspecies cultures and incorporating human and nonhuman cultural knowledge, design can support the flourishing of all organisms and establish more equitable design goals .

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10 Apr 2022
The paper discusses the concept of interspecies design, which aims to incorporate the knowledge and needs of non-human entities into the design process.
The answer to the query is not provided in the paper. The paper discusses the importance of considering the rights and interests of non-human entities and the role of design in tackling complex issues, but it does not specifically address how the values of non-human entities can be incorporated into the design process.
The paper suggests adopting the 'intentional stance' as a heuristic for incorporating the perspectives of non-human entities into the design process.
The paper proposes a methodology that utilizes Uexküll's concept of "Umwelt" to creatively visualize overlapping perspectives of non-human entities, aiming to incorporate their values into the design process.

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