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How design errors can be eliminated for better construction producti? 

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Design errors can be eliminated to improve construction productivity by implementing various strategies. One approach is to utilize building information modelling (BIM) technology, which has the potential to reduce design errors and improve project performance . BIM should be used in the design process, and design coordination should include the assessment of buildability . Additionally, BIM models should have a high level of detail and accuracy, and contractors' knowledge on buildability and installation order should be utilized in the design phase . Another strategy is to implement error reduction and containment strategies at the people, organizational, and project levels . By implementing these strategies, the frequency of design errors can be reduced, leading to improved project performance and timely delivery .

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The paper proposes a systemic model based on interviews with practitioners to identify and mitigate design errors throughout a project's life cycle, which can lead to better construction productivity.
The paper discusses the reduction and containment of design errors in construction projects, which can improve organizational and project performance as well as safety. It suggests implementing strategies related to people, organization, and project to increase the likelihood of design error reduction. However, it does not specifically mention how design errors can be eliminated for better construction productivity.
The paper suggests that design errors can be eliminated for better construction productivity by using BIM in designing, including buildability assessment in BIM coordination, utilizing contractors' knowledge in designing, and optimizing material cost as part of designing.
The paper discusses how the implementation of Building Information Modelling (BIM) can help reduce design errors and improve construction productivity.

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How BIM can reduce construction waste?5 answersBuilding Information Modelling (BIM) can reduce construction waste by improving productivity and efficiency in the construction industry. BIM enables the generation and comparison of designs, ensuring optimum use of resources, reducing design time, improving collaboration between stakeholders, and reducing errors in design and construction. BIM-based systems can estimate construction waste by using clash detection processes, which can prevent a significant amount of waste that would have been generated without using BIM. BIM also helps in reducing reinforced concrete material waste by eliminating design errors, reducing rework, and optimizing waste management throughout the project phases. BIM can predict material waste during the design stage, aiding in effective waste management. The implementation of BIM with discipline provides stakeholders with a more complete data source for estimating material needs, thereby reducing residual construction materials.
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What are some common seismic design mistakes that lead to construction failures?5 answersCommon seismic design mistakes that lead to construction failures include irregularities in the mass, stiffness, plan, and torsion of structures. These irregularities can cause variations in the dynamic characteristics of buildings, making analysis and design more complicated, especially in high seismic zones. Another mistake is the failure to prevent shear banding of tectonic earthquakes from extending to each element of the structure, which can result in serious damage such as cracking, tilting, subsidence, and collapse. Difficulties in applying seismic design rules and requirements, poor detailing, and the influence of nonstructural elements in the structural response are also factors that contribute to poor performance in seismic events. Additionally, the brittle behavior of substandard columns during earthquakes is a common reason for structural failures. To mitigate these mistakes, proper building design and the use of seismic vibration control technologies, such as fluid viscous dampers, are recommended.
How does building design defects reduce safety?5 answersBuilding design defects can reduce safety by creating potential safety hazards. These defects can lead to accidents and dangerous conditions for occupants. For example, faulty design has been identified as a cause of accidents in the construction industry. Building defects such as cracking, peeling paint, dampness, and leaking pipes can compromise the structural integrity of a building and pose risks to safety. Additionally, poor workmanship and the use of low-quality materials contribute to the occurrence of building defects. It is crucial to address these design defects to ensure the safety of buildings and their occupants. Implementing design safety systems, conducting safety reviews, and taking precautionary measures during both the design and construction phases can help reduce safety-related accidents. By considering safety in the design process, designers can play a significant role in improving safety performance in the construction industry.
How can the design process in construction project be improved?5 answersThe design process in construction projects can be improved by implementing an integrated design process based on information flow. This involves identifying the flow of information and when, what, and how it should be shared among participants. To reduce errors, a precedence relationship between activities can be represented using a dependency structure matrix (DSM), and the order of activities can be rearranged using a partitioning algorithm. Additionally, the application of reinforced learning (RL) and multi-attribute utility can assist designers in evaluating the excessive number of design combinations they encounter, leading to the optimal design. Systematic design methods, similar to those used in the car and electrical product industries, can also support change in construction by incorporating sustainability requirements into the early design stages. Furthermore, the customer perspective should be accommodated better by including concepts of continuous improvement and co-creation in the construction management (CM) process.

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