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How does pelvic spherical rotation contribute to the overall stability of the spine during movement? 

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Pelvic spherical rotation plays a crucial role in enhancing the stability of the spine during movement. It is observed that pelvic motion acts as a hinge between the spine and hips, aiding in maintaining balance during bipedalism. The combination of pelvic rotation and moments, along with pelvic rotation and muscle forces, significantly increases the load-bearing capacity of the spine, stabilizing it against axial compression forces. Moreover, pelvic rotation is utilized to partially stabilize the passive spine in compression, relieving the musculature and enhancing overall stability. Therefore, pelvic spherical rotation is a key mechanism that contributes to spinal stability during movement, especially in scenarios involving spinal malalignment or degenerative changes.

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Open accessJournal ArticleDOI
117 Citations
Pelvic rotation enhances spinal stability by increasing lordotic angle and optimizing muscle forces, supporting the spine's load-bearing capacity in neutral postures during movement.
Pelvic rotation, combined with moments, stabilizes the spine in compression by increasing load-bearing capacity, partially stabilizing the passive spine, and relieving musculature during movement.
During leg movements, the Abdominal Bracing (AB) maneuver is more effective in reducing pelvic rotation angle, enhancing lumbopelvic stabilization, and potentially improving spinal stability compared to Abdominal Hollowing (AH).
Open accessJournal ArticleDOI
Javier Pizones, Eduardo García-Rey 
07 Sep 2020
22 Citations
Pelvic spherical rotation acts as a pivotal link between the spine and hips, crucial for maintaining balance during movement. It compensates for spinal misalignment and influences functional acetabular orientation.
Pelvic spherical rotation enhances spine stability by engaging stabilizing muscles, increasing pelvis movement range, and promoting upright posture. This contributes to overall spinal health and reduces spine issues.

Related Questions

What specific exercises or training methods can improve core stability in rugby players?5 answersCore stability in rugby players can be enhanced through various exercises and training methods. Research suggests that core training programs, including body weight exercises, plyometric exercises with fitness balls, and dynamic Swiss ball training, can significantly improve dynamic balance stability (DBS) and lower limb muscle power. Additionally, incorporating stability training based on locally isolated work of specific muscles like the transversus abdominis or global movement patterns can lead to improvements in deep abdominal muscle thickness and overall trunk mobility, crucial for enhancing core stability in athletes. These findings highlight the effectiveness of a combination of exercises targeting different aspects of core stability to benefit rugby players in preventing injuries and optimizing performance.
What is the efficacy of the pelvic Spherical rotation comparing the traction or distraction therapy for the lumbar vertebra?5 answersThe efficacy of pelvic spherical rotation in comparison to traction or distraction therapy for the lumbar vertebra is supported by various studies. Research on short-term halo-pelvic traction combined with surgery for severe spinal deformities showed significant improvements in scoliosis and kyphosis angles, height, and other parameters post-treatment. Additionally, studies on spinal traction therapies like posteroanterior traction have demonstrated effectiveness in reducing intervertebral disc pressure and maintaining lumbar lordosis curvature, especially in normal BMI models. However, when comparing different traction therapies, a study on IDD Therapy found that adding axial intermittent mechanical traction did not show additional benefits over a standard graded activity program for chronic low back pain patients. Therefore, while pelvic spherical rotation and traction therapies have shown efficacy in various studies, the effectiveness may vary depending on the specific condition and treatment approach.
What is the role of the pelvis in relation to the jaw?4 answersThe pelvis plays a crucial role in supporting the jaw. The shape and size of the pelvis, influenced by nutritional factors rather than hormones or race, provide attachment for the muscles that support the abdominal wall and act on the lower limb. Additionally, the pelvis transmits weight from the upper body to the lower limbs during locomotion and while standing. In the context of upper string players, the pelvis is important for postural health in a seated position, and a lack of understanding of how to sit properly while playing can lead to injuries in various parts of the spine. Furthermore, the evolution of the pelvis in primates, including humans, is likely an adaptation to bipedal gait, with changes in the birth canal allowing for the passage of the fetal head.
What is the importance of core stability for coordinated movement of the human body in stroke rehabilitation?5 answersCore stability is important for coordinated movement of the human body in stroke rehabilitation. It has been found that core stability, achieved through exercises such as abdominal muscle contraction, can improve trunk movement in both the frontal and sagittal planes, as well as increase gait speed and elevation of the feet. Rehabilitation training of core muscle stability has been shown to effectively improve balance function and walking speed in stroke patients, possibly by increasing the thickness of the transverse abdominis muscle. Core stability exercises have been found to have a better effect on patients with hemiplegia than conventional exercises, as evidenced by improvements in the Modified Barthel Index and Berg Balance Scale. Therefore, incorporating core stability training into stroke rehabilitation programs can help patients achieve a higher level of coordinated movement and improve their overall functional outcomes.
Are hypopressive exercises effective in improving core stability?5 answersHypopressive exercises, specifically Abdominal Hypopressive Training (AHT), have been shown to improve core stability. A study by Moreno-Muñoz et al. found that AHT led to positive outcomes in posture control and deep trunk muscle contraction in females. Additionally, a study by Salik Sengul et al. demonstrated that stabilization exercises (SE), which include hypopressive exercises, were more effective than conventional exercises (CE) in improving core stability and reducing pain during activity. These findings suggest that hypopressive exercises can be effective in improving core stability.
Does core stability helps with lower back pain?5 answersCore stability exercises have been shown to be effective in the management of chronic low back pain (CLBP) in the short term. Several studies have compared core stability exercises to conventional exercises and found that core stability exercise resulted in significant improvement in pain relief and functional status in individuals with CLBP. Breathing training combined with core stability training has also been found to yield better outcomes, improve lumbar spine function, relieve pain, and enhance low-back muscular endurance in patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain (CNLBP). Additionally, motor control exercises, which improve deep spinal muscles, and core stability exercises have both been shown to significantly improve pain and functional impairment in individuals with mechanical low back pain. Overall, these findings suggest that core stability exercises can be beneficial for individuals with lower back pain.

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