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How does the consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages affect the risk of obesity and related health conditions? 


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Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) significantly impacts the risk of obesity and related health conditions. SSB intake is linked to weight gain, obesity, and metabolic complications. Studies show that SSB consumption is associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and other non-communicable diseases, leading to a substantial burden of disease and death. Furthermore, high rates of weekly and daily SSB intake are observed among young men, with obesity being a predictor of increased consumption. Sugar-sweetened beverage companies strategically market their products, diverting attention from the health risks associated with SSBs. In contrast, artificially sweetened beverages and fruit juices do not offer healthier alternatives, as they are also linked to a higher risk of cardiometabolic diseases and mortality.

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Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages increases the risk of type 2 diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and mortality, indicating a higher likelihood of developing obesity and related health conditions.
Consuming sugar-sweetened beverages is linked to obesity. High intake may increase the risk of obesity and related health conditions like type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
Consuming sugar-sweetened beverages increases the risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, cancer, and other conditions, leading to a significant health and economic burden in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Book ChapterDOI
14 Dec 2022
Consuming sugar-sweetened beverages independently associates with noncommunicable diseases, contributes to excessive calorie intake, and is linked to obesity and preventable health conditions, warranting thorough evaluation.
Consuming sugar-sweetened beverages increases the risk of obesity and related health conditions by impacting weight gain, metabolism, gut microbiota, and cardiometabolic risks in children and adolescents with obesity.

Related Questions

How does the consumption of sugar contribute to weight gain and obesity?5 answersConsumption of sugar, particularly from sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and added sugars, plays a significant role in weight gain and obesity. High sugar intake, especially in liquid form, leads to decreased satiety, incomplete energy intake compensation, and altered gut microbiota, all contributing to weight gain. Added sugars displace nutrient-dense foods, hinder energy production, damage mitochondria, and promote nutrient and energy deficits, ultimately leading to increased caloric intake and obesity. The excessive consumption of sugar, beyond recommended levels, increases the likelihood of overweight and obesity among children and adolescents, independent of other dietary factors. Limiting sugar intake, especially from SSBs, is crucial in combating obesity and related metabolic risks.
Can sugar cause obesity?5 answersSugar intake has been associated with increased prevalence of childhood overweight/obesity, and high consumption of added sugars increased the probability for overweight/obesity among youth, irrespectively of other dietary or macronutrient intakes. Diets high in added sugar promote the development of obesity, and the impact of sugar consumption on weight gain and body fat accumulation remains a controversial topic. Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) are major contributors of free sugars to the diet, and SSB intake has a negative effect on weight and obesity-related diseases. Additionally, obesity is a state of hormonal imbalance causing increased shunting of food energy into adipose tissue for storage, resulting in decreased satiety and ultimately leading to increased caloric intake. Overall, the evidence suggests that sugar can contribute to the development of obesity, and high consumption of added sugars, particularly from SSBs, is associated with an increased risk of overweight/obesity in children and adolescents.
How does the consumption of sugary drinks affect the weight gain in children?4 answersConsumption of sugary drinks has been linked to weight gain in children. Studies have shown that sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) contribute to the development of obesity and related metabolic complications. The intake of SSBs has a negative effect on weight, as it leads to decreased satiety and incomplete compensatory reduction in energy intake. Excessive consumption of SSBs has been associated with an increased risk of weight gain, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and metabolic syndrome. The high fructose content in sugary drinks can cause weight gain and harm the liver, lungs, and heart in children and adolescents. Furthermore, the type and amount of SSBs consumed also play a role in weight gain, with SSB sugar intake above a certain threshold increasing the risk of overweight/obesity. Overall, the evidence suggests that the consumption of sugary drinks is a significant factor contributing to weight gain in children.
What are the effects of sugar on obesity?4 answersSugar consumption has been shown to contribute to the development of obesity by reducing impulse control and increasing the consumption of high fat/sugar foods. Diets high in added sugar have been linked to the development of obesity, although the impact of sugar consumption on weight gain and body fat accumulation is still debated. Obesity is not just a state of caloric imbalance, but also a state of hormonal imbalance that leads to increased shunting of food energy into adipose tissue for storage. Sugar overconsumption negatively influences emotional behavior, impulse control, and dopamine/serotonin signaling, which are critical to the brain's reward system. Sugar consumption disrupts energy balance and can increase the risk of obesity and associated metabolic diseases.
Is sugar bad for health?5 answersHigh dietary sugar consumption is generally more harmful than beneficial for health, especially in cardiometabolic disease. Reducing the consumption of free sugars or added sugars to below 25 g/day and limiting the consumption of sugar sweetened beverages to less than one serving/week are recommended to reduce the adverse effect of sugars on health. However, there is controversy surrounding the effect of sugar on health, with some studies suggesting that sugar as such does not contribute to adverse health outcomes when consumed under isocaloric conditions. The evidence generally indicates that sugar, like any other caloric macronutrient, when consumed in excess leads to conditions such as obesity and related comorbidities. It is important to note that the impact of sugar on health is influenced by factors such as the type and structure of sugars consumed.
What are the effects of sugar drinks on the human body?5 answersSugar drinks have various negative effects on the human body. They contribute to the rising prevalence of obesity, especially in children, and increase the risk of developing conditions such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and high blood pressure. Consumption of sugar drinks is also associated with poor oral health, including dental caries and lower mineral density. Additionally, these drinks can have detrimental effects on brain health, leading to altered brain waves, impaired memory and motor coordination, and increased risk of stroke and dementia. The gut microbiome is also affected by the intake of sugar drinks, which can impact the survival rate of certain tumors, such as glioblastoma. Overall, the evidence suggests that sugar drinks have significant negative consequences on human health, emphasizing the need to reduce their consumption and promote healthier alternatives like water.

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