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The methods developed here have the potential applications to mango industry to detect and diagnose diseases of mango fruits, at relatively early stages of the disease progress, after validation under commercial conditions.
Thus, P. juliflora and L. camara extracts can serve as an alternative means of post-harvest mango anthracnose disease management.
The study provided a phytochemical evidence for further development and utilization of mango leaves in health products.
In conclusion, mango leaf possessed antidiabetic and anticancer potential in vitro.
This treatment may be included in the holistic disease management program against the die back of mango.
These techniques provide valuable screening tools for health benefits derived from mango phytochemicals.
This suggested that some cross‐infection onto mango occurs.

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What are the traditional uses of Mimosa pudica in the Philippines?
5 answers
Mimosa pudica has traditional uses as an anesthetic, antidepressant, sedative, and antialopecic in the Philippines. It is also used as a medicinal plant with pharmacological properties such as antidiabetic, antimicrobial, antiulcer, and anti-inflammatory effects. Additionally, the plant has been used for the synthesis of silver nanoparticles, which have potential applications in various fields. Furthermore, there are reports of Mimosa pudica being used as a substance of abuse, either on its own or mixed with marijuana, highlighting its potential for misuse. The plant extracts from Mimosa pudica have been found to possess free radical scavenging potential, making them a potential source of antioxidants for combating aging and oxidative stress-related degenerative diseases.
What are the work and effectiveness of sargassum extract?
5 answers
Sargassum extract has been studied for its antimicrobial, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-aging properties. The extract of Sargassum muticum showed significant inhibition against human bacterial pathogens and fungal plant pathogens, suggesting its potential as a biocontrol agent for phytopathogenic fungi and as a feeding additive for livestock products. Sargassum patens extract increased the production of collagen and type I protein while reducing the expression of MMP1, indicating its potential as a cosmetic raw material for anti-aging effects. Sargassum horneri ethanol extract exhibited anti-inflammatory effects, improved intestinal length, and balanced gut microbiota, making it a potential natural alternative for the treatment of ulcerative colitis. Sargassum species showed good antioxidant activity, which could be beneficial for diseases such as cancer and heart diseases. Sargassum sp. extract inhibited the growth of Aeromonas hydrophila bacteria and improved the health status of tilapia, suggesting its potential as a natural ingredient for disease prevention in aquaculture.
What are the health benefits of eating banana peels?
5 answers
Banana peels have several health benefits. They are rich in dietary fiber, protein, amino acids, polyunsaturated fatty acids, and potassium, making them a nutritious addition to the diet. Banana peels also contain high levels of antioxidants, particularly polyphenols, which help fight off oxidation and scavenge free radicals in the body. These antioxidants contribute to the prevention of oxidative stress-related diseases. Additionally, banana peels have been found to have potential in attenuating diabetes and reducing diabetes-linked variables due to their higher antioxidant activity. The bioactive compounds in banana peels, such as phenolic compounds and enzymes, have been studied for their antimicrobial, antioxidant, and neuroprotective properties. Overall, incorporating banana peels into the diet can provide various health benefits and contribute to overall well-being.
What are the potential uses of sargassum extract as a dishwashing liquid?
5 answers
Sargassum extract has potential uses in the production of liquid soap. Research conducted by Zahra et al. involved making Sargassum polycystum soap extracts and evaluating the quality of the liquid soap through sensory, chemical, and biological tests. Liu et al. also discussed the preparation of a sargassum extract product using ethanol extraction or biological enzyme enzymolysis methods, which can be used for preparing food, health care products, and medicines. Additionally, Devault et al. highlighted the economic opportunities offered by Sargassum spp. biomass, which can be processed for commercial applications or used for energy production. These studies demonstrate the potential for utilizing sargassum extract in various products, including liquid soap. However, it is important to consider the quality of the raw material and potential contamination issues. Further research is needed to explore the specific applications and benefits of sargassum extract in dishwashing liquids.
What are the botanical properties of peach medicine?
5 answers
Peach medicine has various botanical properties. It contains tannins and flavonoids, which are present in both the flowers and leaves of the peach tree. The flower extract has a higher concentration of flavonoids and tannins, which contribute to its antimicrobial effects. Peach seeds are also used in medicinal compositions for treating stroke diseases, as they have qi tonifying and blood circulation promoting properties. The leaves and bark of the peach tree have been traditionally used to treat gastric and stomach irritations, and they are rich in purified glucans that may protect against environmental toxins. Additionally, peach seeds, combined spicebush roots, pseudo-ginseng, and common vladimiria roots are used together to create a medicine that activates blood circulation, relieves pain, and promotes vigor restoration. Overall, peach medicine has a range of botanical properties that make it useful for various medicinal applications.
What is the importance of pH in polymeric microencapsulation solutions?
5 answers
The importance of pH in polymeric microencapsulation solutions is significant for several reasons. pH-responsive polymers can be used as wall materials in microencapsulation to control the release of bioactive compounds. For example, in the encapsulation of gallic acid (GA), the pH value of the solution affects the stability and release mechanism of the microcapsules. Similarly, pH-responsive polymers can be used to protect and control the release of therapeutic agents, such as E.coli-specific phages, allowing for pH-triggered release and targeted delivery. The pH also plays a role in the formation and maintenance of alginate nanostructures, which can be used to encapsulate compounds like reduced glutathione (GSH). Additionally, pH-controlled release systems using alginate hydrogel have been developed for grape skin (GS) phenolics, which can prevent structural damage of proteins. pH-triggered release of drugs from multicompartmental polymer carriers has also been explored, demonstrating the importance of pH in polymeric microencapsulation solutions.
How preparation of Extraction of curcuma?
5 answers
The extraction of curcuma can be done using various methods such as reflux extraction, supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2) extraction, and supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) combined with molecular distillation (MD). In reflux extraction, turmeric can be extracted in powder or fresh form using distilled water as the solvent. SC-CO2 extraction involves using supercritical carbon dioxide to extract lipophilic compounds from curcuma rhizomes, resulting in extracts containing curcuminoids and essential oils. SC-CO2 can also be used to prepare nanoparticles of curcuma rhizome extract, where the extract changes from dissolved to precipitated mode during the expansion process. In the case of SFE combined with MD, a high-quality essential oil with typical components of turmeric can be extracted and purified, allowing for the control of the quality of turmeric products. These methods offer different approaches to extract and purify curcuma, providing options for different applications and desired outcomes.
What are the steps involved in the extraction of turmeric?
5 answers
The extraction of turmeric involves several steps. First, the turmeric powder is mixed with anhydrous ethanol and distilled to separate the ethanol, resulting in the extraction of pigment and a solid component. Another method involves drying the rhizome of curcuma longa and crushing it into turmeric powder. The powder is then mixed with an alcohol solution and subjected to heating, extracting, grinding, filtering, evaporating, and concentrating to obtain turmeric paste. This paste is further processed by adding petroleum ether, heating, extracting, and filtering to obtain crude curcumin. Reflux extraction can also be used, where turmeric powder or fresh turmeric is mixed with distilled water and subjected to distillation and solvent evaporation to obtain a viscous extract in the form of a paste. Additionally, a method for integrated extraction involves homogenization treatment, ethanol extraction, and separation to obtain various components such as turmeric polysaccharide, turmeric flavones, turmeric starch, and curcumin. Finally, grinding turmeric into powder and extracting it with ethanol, ethyl ether, and n-butyl alcohol can yield an anti-prostatic hyperplasia turmeric extract.
How does the presence of pathogens affect the quality of sweet and hot colored pepper fruits?
5 answers
The presence of pathogens can have a negative impact on the quality of sweet and hot colored pepper fruits. Pathogens such as fungi, bacteria, and viruses can cause various symptoms on the fruits, including spotting, wilting, and deformities. For example, the fungus Alternaria alternata can lead to postharvest decay in pepper fruits, affecting their phenol and vitamin C content. Viral pathogens like Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) are particularly widespread and can cause injuries on pepper fruits, leading to reduced yield. Bacterial pathogens like Xanthomonas euvesicatoria can cause necrotic spots on pepper fruits, resulting in dark lesions and fruit discoloration. These diseases and infections can significantly impact the market appearance and overall quality of sweet and hot colored pepper fruits, affecting their marketability and consumer satisfaction.
How does the free radical ageing theory explain the ageing process?
4 answers
The free radical theory of aging suggests that the accumulation of oxidative damage caused by free radicals is a fundamental driver of cellular aging. This theory emphasizes the role of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations and the accumulation of mtDNA deletions, which promote mitochondrial dysfunction and increase free radical production. Oxidative damage in the form of 8-oxodG DNA oxidative lesions has been observed to accumulate with age, supporting the free radical theory of aging. However, the theory has faced challenges and exceptions, leading to the proposal of an alternative perspective. The concept of Adaptive Homeostasis suggests that free radicals and oxidants are just one subset of stressors that organisms must cope with over their lifespans. This theory highlights the dynamic expansion and contraction of stress defense and repair systems, employing signal transduction pathways to generate inducible and enzymatic protection. Viewed as a component of Adaptive Homeostasis, the Free Radical Theory of Aging remains viable and robust.
Which enzymes are present in honey?
5 answers
Honey contains a variety of enzymes, including superoxide dismutase, peroxidase, catalase, invertase, amylase, and glucose oxidase. These enzymes are responsible for various reactions in honey, such as antioxidant activity, the production of hydrogen peroxide, and the transformation of nectar into honey. Additionally, honey proteases have been identified, which can degrade proteins found in honey, such as Royal Jelly proteins. The presence of these enzymes in honey contributes to its antioxidant potential and may also influence its properties and quality.