scispace - formally typeset
Search or ask a question

Is there a relationship between pitch processing and auditory verbal hallucinations? 

Best insight from top research papers

There is a relationship between pitch processing and auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH). Individuals with schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSD) and a history of AVH exhibit poor pitch discrimination compared to those without AVH history . This deficit in pitch discrimination is also seen in schizophrenia patients with AVHs compared to non-AVH patients . Additionally, deficits in processing the spectral and temporal aspects of sound are associated with auditory hallucinations in patients with schizophrenia . These findings suggest that impaired pitch processing may contribute to the experience of AVHs in individuals with SSD and schizophrenia.

Answers from top 5 papers

More filters
Papers (5)Insight
Book ChapterDOI
01 Jan 2013
3 Citations
The paper does not specifically mention a relationship between pitch processing and auditory verbal hallucinations. The paper discusses studies on speech processing and its relationship with auditory verbal hallucinations, but pitch processing is not mentioned.
Yes, there is a relationship between pitch processing and auditory verbal hallucinations. The paper states that pitch discrimination was significantly correlated with hallucination proneness and pitch perception predicted auditory verbal hallucination proneness.
The paper suggests that there is a relationship between pitch processing and auditory hallucinations in patients with schizophrenia. Patients with a history of auditory hallucinations performed worse than those without hallucinations in pitch discrimination tasks.
The provided paper does not mention anything about the relationship between pitch processing and auditory verbal hallucinations.
Yes, individuals with schizophrenia spectrum disorders and a history of auditory verbal hallucinations exhibit poor pitch discrimination compared to those without a history of hallucinations.

Related Questions

Hallucinogens is a good or bad drugs?3 answersHallucinogens are a class of drugs that have been used for centuries and have the ability to alter an individual's perception of reality. They can induce hallucinations, illusions, and delusions, and are known for their unique effects on sensory input and consciousness. While there has been limited research on the long-term consequences and potential benefits of hallucinogen misuse and abuse, there is a renewed interest in these compounds for possible therapeutic options.Hallucinogens can be classified into different sub-classes based on their chemical structure and mechanism of action, including tryptamines, lysergamides, phenethylamines, arylcyclohexylamines, morphinans, and 1,2-diarylethylamines.These drugs primarily function as agonists of the 5-HT2A receptor and can be further divided into indolylalkylamines and phenylalkylamines.Overall, the perception of hallucinogens as good or bad drugs is subjective and depends on various factors such as individual experiences, cultural contexts, and potential therapeutic applications.
How is hallucination effect represented?3 answersHallucination effects are represented in different ways in the literature. One approach is to use position-patch based methods that represent the test image patch as a linear combination of the same position patches in a training dictionary. Another approach is to incorporate distance-inducing weights into the penalty function, which takes into account the locality constraint within the observed image and training images. Additionally, there is a distinction between content-based representationalism and vehicle-based representationalism in the context of representationalism's response to the argument from hallucination. Furthermore, the mechanisms of visual hallucinations have been described using verbal and pictorial representations, although the latter is difficult to obtain. Finally, local image structures can be exploited for face hallucination, including facial components, contours, and smooth regions, to generate high-resolution images with fidelity.
What are the neurotypical traits connecting psychosis to hallucination?5 answersPsychosis and hallucinations in schizophrenia are connected through various neurotypical traits. The dysregulation of the brain's dopamine-mediated neurotransmitter system is associated with psychosis and explains why psychotic patients experience hallucinations. Hallucinations and delusions, two diagnostic features of psychosis, can be described in terms of the pathophysiology of sensory information processing. Dysfunction within and between key anatomical systems such as the cortex, thalamus, basal ganglia, and medial temporal lobe, modulated by neurotransmitter projection systems, may account for specific symptoms and cognitive deficits in psychosis. Hallucinations in major psychosis involve altered synaptic plasticity and multiple brain regions, including the prefrontal cortex, auditory-linguistic association cortices, limbic/paralimbic, striatal, and thalamic systems. The mind is used in a distorted way in the hallucinatory state, with the psychotic part of the personality generating auto-induced sensations and achieving regressive pleasure.
What are the causes of hallucinations?4 answersHallucinations can be caused by various factors. Neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's, Lewy body dementia, and Parkinson's disease have been associated with hallucinations. Other causes include toxic or metabolic encephalopathies, drug intoxication or withdrawal, psychiatric disorders, sensory deprivation, and sleep deprivation. Lesions in the central nervous system and sensory organs can also lead to hallucinations. The specific mechanisms behind hallucinations are not fully understood, but there is evidence that the dopaminergic and serotoninergic systems play a role. Functional neuroimaging studies have identified brain areas responsible for auditory and visual hallucinations, which may open up new treatment possibilities. Overall, hallucinations can arise from a combination of neurological, physiological, and psychological factors, and further research is needed to fully understand their causes.
How can we use IBIB PAN to better understand auditory hallucinations?4 answersIBIB PAN can be used to better understand auditory hallucinations by exploring the mechanisms underlying this symptom. Recent research has focused on the content and meaning of auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) and their relationship to inner speech and source monitoring. Additionally, studies have investigated the role of abnormal predictive coding in the development of auditory hallucinations, suggesting deficiencies in processing prediction error as a potential mechanism. Neurophysiological approaches, such as EEG and MEG, have provided insights into the neural activity associated with AVHs, including frontal and temporal lobe activity and competition for auditory resources. By combining these findings with functional imaging techniques, such as PET and fMRI, and audiological assessments, IBIB PAN can contribute to a comprehensive understanding of auditory hallucinations and potentially improve the evaluation, treatment, and investigation of this phenomenon.
How does hallucination function as a narrative tool in films?5 answersHallucination functions as a narrative tool in films by creating a state of detachment and immersion in the narrative, allowing viewers to experience a different reality. This can be achieved through techniques such as presenting scenes out of order or revealing unexpected information about characters' ontological status. The use of hallucination in films can transport viewers' attention and hijack their processing resources away from internal goals, leading to a decreased ability to remember and execute tasks. Additionally, the interplay between realistic and aesthetic background construction cues viewers to mentally construct time, space, causality, and characters in a film, filling in the gaps to make sense of the narrative. Hallucination as a narrative tool in films can also elicit emotions and provide access to viewers' affective lives, allowing for a deeper engagement with the narrative.

See what other people are reading

Does physical activityaffect mental health?
5 answers
Physical activity has a positive impact on mental health. Evidence suggests that engaging in regular physical activity can prevent the onset of mental health disorders and diminish depressive symptoms. Physical activity is associated with higher levels of mental wellbeing and can alleviate symptoms of depression and anxiety, potentially being as effective as psychotherapy or medication. It has also been found to have positive effects on comorbid chronic physical diseases. Physical exercise improves the functioning of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis and can help with sleep and various psychiatric disorders. The health benefits of physical activity are greater for depressed individuals who are younger, higher educated, have better health status, and live in urban areas. Therefore, promoting physical activity is advisable in clinical psychiatric practice, and establishing physical activity and exercise groups is important for psychiatric outpatients.
What are the most common mental illnesses?
4 answers
The most common mental illnesses include bipolar disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, persistent depressive disorder, obsessive–compulsive disorder, major depressive disorder, schizophrenia, posttraumatic stress disorder, and social anxiety disorder. These disorders are often grouped together as common mental disorders (CMDs) and are frequently noticed in the community. They can have a significant impact on one's quality of life, causing suffering and poor functioning in daily life. Common mental disorders account for a significant portion of health-related impairment globally and in Canada, leading to increased healthcare costs and unemployment. Despite their prevalence, many people with these conditions do not seek treatment or are misdiagnosed in primary care facilities. However, there is good evidence that these disorders can be effectively treated, and much of the treatment can be provided by primary care clinicians.
Domains of Social Cognition?
5 answers
Social cognition encompasses various domains including emotion perception, theory of mind, social communication, identity recognition, and empathy. These domains involve processes such as social perception, social understanding, and social decision-making. The neural basis of social cognition involves the prefrontal cortex, amygdala, temporal poles, and temporoparietal junction. Assessment of social cognition often includes tasks related to theory of mind and facial emotion recognition. There is a need for standardized measures in research and clinical practice, as well as the development of remediation procedures for social cognitive skills. Social cognitive deficits are observed in various neurological, psychiatric, and developmental disorders, including acquired brain injury, neurodegenerative diseases, schizophrenia, and autism. The study of social cognition has implications for understanding interpersonal relationships, functionality, and potential interventions in these disorders.
What do i need to prepare in a cognitve ability test?
5 answers
In a cognitive ability test, you need to prepare by understanding the purpose and content of the test. The test is designed to measure cognitive skills, abilities, and knowledge that are accumulated through life experiences, including those at school, home, and work. It assesses learning characteristics and abilities that contribute to academic performance. The test may include verbal, nonverbal, and quantitative reasoning and problem-solving skills. It may also cover subsidiary cognitive processes such as deductive and inductive reasoning, auditory and visual perception, language processing, spatial skills, quantitative knowledge, visual imagery, and attention. It is important to note that cognitive abilities are not static and can be affected by learning and instruction. Therefore, it is beneficial to engage in repeated exercise and practice to improve cognitive abilities. Additionally, familiarize yourself with good testing practices and know how to respond appropriately to questions and concerns from examinees.
What is salthouse's processing speed theory?
4 answers
Salthouse's processing speed theory proposes that as individuals age, there is a decrease in the speed at which processing operations can be executed, leading to impairments in cognitive functioning. This theory suggests that the reduction in processing speed affects cognitive performance due to limited time and simultaneity mechanisms. The limited time mechanism refers to the inability to successfully execute relevant operations when processing is slow, while the simultaneity mechanism suggests that the products of early processing may not be available when later processing is complete. Evidence supporting this theory includes shared age-related variance across measures of speed and attenuation of age-related influences on cognitive measures after controlling for speed measures.
How can precision health be used to pharmacoterapy of psychiatric disorders?
4 answers
Precision medicine can be used to optimize pharmacotherapy for psychiatric disorders. By considering pharmacological, clinical, demographic, and biological factors, treatment can be tailored to each patient to improve outcomes. However, the implementation of precision psychiatry lags behind other medical specialties due to the subjective evaluation of symptoms and trial-and-error medication choices. The pathophysiology of psychiatric disorders is still unknown, making it difficult to develop objective biomarkers for diagnosis. Despite these challenges, precision medicine in psychiatry is making progress. Predictive models based on clinical, neuroimaging, and biological data, as well as machine learning approaches, are being used to develop more effective treatments and improve management of psychiatric disorders. These models can help predict response to specific medications, resistance to antidepressants, and stratify risk and outcome in schizophrenia. Overall, precision medicine offers a promising approach to improve pharmacotherapy for psychiatric disorders by considering individual characteristics and utilizing advanced technologies.
Is the Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale a valid and reliable measure of anxiety in the general population?
5 answers
The Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) is a commonly used measure of anxiety in various populations. However, the validity and reliability of the scale in the general population have been questioned. Research by Dunstan and Scott suggests that the existing cut-off point for identifying the presence of an anxiety disorder on the SAS may be lower than ideal. They found that a cut-off point between the current recommended point of 36 and the original point of 40 would be most appropriate for different contexts, such as clinical screening or research. Additionally, a study by Hernández Zavala found that anxiety scales, including the SAS, vary in the aspects they emphasize and have low overlap in the symptoms they measure. Therefore, while the SAS may be a useful tool, careful consideration should be taken when interpreting its scores and selecting appropriate cut-off points in different populations and contexts.
Why genomic approaches, particularly at the single-cell level, are crucial in unraveling the complexities of ASD?
5 answers
Genomic approaches, particularly at the single-cell level, are crucial in unraveling the complexities of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) because they provide a deeper understanding of the cellular and physiological changes occurring in the brains of individuals with ASD. These approaches allow for the identification of molecular and transcriptomic alterations in specific cell types, such as neurons, oligodendrocytes, microglia, and astrocytes, which play critical roles in the pathology of psychiatric disorders. By analyzing the transcriptomes of individual cells, researchers can identify unique cell populations, classify them based on their molecular markers, and explore their involvement in ASD. Additionally, single-cell genomic profiling enables the characterization of gene regulatory mechanisms and the identification of candidate drivers associated with ASD. This comprehensive analysis at the single-cell level provides unmatched resolution and insights into the laminar, circuit-level, and cell-type specific pathways affected in ASD, contributing to a better understanding of the disorder.
What are the limitations of logistic regression in speech recognition?
3 answers
Logistic regression has limitations in speech recognition due to two main difficulties. First, speech signals have varying durations, while logistic regression operates on fixed-dimensional vectors. Second, speech recognition involves predicting a sequence of labels from a sequence of feature vectors without knowing the segment boundaries for the labels, whereas logistic regression is designed to predict only a single class label for a given feature. These limitations have hindered the success of logistic regression in speech recognition tasks.
What are the limitations of logistic regression in speech یثحقثسسهخد?
5 answers
Logistic regression has limitations in speech recognition due to the variable lengths of speech signals and the need to predict sequences of labels. Discriminative approaches like support vector machines (SVM) and logistic regression have had limited success in speech recognition. Previous work has used hidden Markov models (HMMs) in combination with a discriminative classification approach, but joint optimization of logistic regression parameters and HMM parameters has been shown to improve recognition accuracy significantly. HMMs make inaccurate assumptions about speech signals, limiting the performance of conventional speech recognizers. However, incorporating HMMs in the penalized logistic regression (PLR) framework leads to a powerful discriminative classifier that naturally handles sequential data. Logistic regression in speech recognition can cope with varying length speech segments by incorporating a mapping from speech segments into a vector of regressors, with mappings involving HMM log-likelihoods found to be powerful. The combined HMM and penalized logistic regression machine (PLRM) approach to continuous speech recognition, with N-best rescoring and PLRM with garbage class, has shown significant increase in recognition accuracy.
What is the association between caregiver burden and social support?
5 answers
Caregiver burden is negatively associated with social support. Higher levels of perceived social support are significantly correlated with lower caregiver burden. Implementing interventions focused on strengthening social support can help reduce the risk of caregiver burden. Social support is considered a potentially modifiable factor of caregiver burden. Good social support is significantly related to lower burden on family caregivers of schizophrenia patients. Access, availability, and continuity of psychosocial support programs are vital for the wellbeing of caregivers.