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The productivity gap of water and nitrogen consumption and solutions to reduce the productivity gap? 

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The productivity gap in water and nitrogen consumption is a persistent issue in agriculture, both in developed and developing countries . Water and nitrogen availability are crucial factors limiting crop productivity globally . The relationship between water and nitrogen transport in plants, from soil to uptake by roots, is complex and influenced by factors such as root architecture and hydrophobic root barriers . Enhancing water and nitrogen use efficiency simultaneously can provide advantages and help address environmental problems caused by excessive nitrogen use . Various management practices and technologies, such as precision agriculture, drip irrigation, and optimization of cropping patterns, can improve water use efficiency and productivity . It is important to consider the potential rebound effect associated with these options . Overall, optimizing water and nitrogen inputs together is crucial for reducing losses, maintaining farm productivity, and addressing environmental concerns .

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The provided paper does not specifically address the productivity gap of water and nitrogen consumption or solutions to reduce it.
The paper discusses the need to optimize nitrogen and water inputs simultaneously to reduce nitrogen losses and maintain farm productivity. It does not specifically mention the productivity gap of water and nitrogen consumption or solutions to reduce it.
The paper discusses the intricate relationship between water and nitrogen transport in plants and suggests incorporating new phenotyping technologies, breeding strategies, and agronomic practices to improve crop yield in water- and nitrogen-limited production systems. However, it does not specifically address the productivity gap of water and nitrogen consumption or solutions to reduce the gap.
The provided paper does not specifically discuss the productivity gap of water and nitrogen consumption or solutions to reduce the productivity gap. The paper focuses on the overall agricultural productivity gap and its socio-economic effects.

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