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What are semiconductor materials? 

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Semiconductor materials are materials that can be easily modified by the addition of impurities, known as doping, to enhance their performance . They have the ability to change their resistivity when subjected to electric or magnetic fields, light, heat, or mechanical distortion. This property makes semiconductors ideal for various applications, including the development of devices such as LEDs, tunnel diodes, and solar cells . Semiconductors are widely used in our society, impacting almost every aspect of our lives, from cell phones to vehicles . They are crucial components in integrated circuits, light-emitting diodes, thermoelectrics, and photovoltaics . Semiconductor materials are typically composed of crystalline structures formed by atoms in a solid-state condition, with covalent bonds between the atoms . The energy band structure of semiconductors allows for conductivity under specific conditions, with a bandgap energy that is lower than that of insulators and conductors .

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Semiconductor materials are the basic materials used in photovoltaic devices. They consist of atoms forming crystalline structures with covalent bonds and energy bands that determine their conductivity.
The provided paper does not explicitly define semiconductor materials. The paper focuses on a specific semiconductor material based on a metal nanowire and a porous nitride, and its preparation method.
The provided paper does not explicitly define semiconductor materials. The paper focuses on a specific type of semiconductor material made from DNA and its application in manufacturing semiconductor devices.
Book ChapterDOI
26 Jun 2023
Semiconductor materials are materials that can easily conduct electricity under certain conditions and are used to make devices like LED, Tunnel diode, and Solar cells.
Open accessBook ChapterDOI
01 Jan 2023
Semiconductor materials are described in the paper as a class of materials that are widely used in various applications such as integrated circuits, LEDs, thermoelectrics, and photovoltaics.

Related Questions

What is semiconductor wafer?5 answersA semiconductor wafer is a thin slice of semiconductor material that is used as a substrate for the fabrication of electronic devices. It is typically made of monocrystalline silicon or other semiconductor materials such as gallium nitride. The wafer is produced through a process where a single-crystal ingot of semiconductor material is pulled and then wafers are removed from the ingot. The wafer may have different layers, such as an epitaxial layer made of monocrystalline silicon, which is disposed on the front side of the substrate wafer. In some cases, an insulating film is used to fill the space between different sections of the wafer, applying stress in the opposite direction to the growth layer. The thickness of the wafer can be reduced through a thinning process, such as backside grinding, to achieve the desired thickness for the fabrication of devices.
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Semiconductors?1 answersSemiconductors are a unique class of materials that have transformed society and technology in truly revolutionary ways. They are used in assorted electronic and electro-optical devices and can support electric fields across junctions. Semiconductors must be single crystals and have extreme levels of purity combined with carefully controlled doping levels. They form the basis for the nano-electronics industry and are essential for everyday life. The physics of semiconductors is a comprehensive field that covers electronic band structure, lattice dynamics, and transport properties. It also includes the principles of various semiconductor devices and their applications in electronic and photonic devices. Semiconductors are the scientific basis for the microelectronic device industry and have been the source of important innovations in this field.
What are Semiconductors?5 answersSemiconductors are a unique class of materials that have transformed society and technology in revolutionary ways. They are materials that have a conductivity between that of metals and insulators, and their conductivity can be varied over an impressive range. Semiconductors have a combination of a relatively large number of mobile electron and hole charge carriers, contained within a dielectric-like matrix, which enables interesting charge transport to occur across junctions. They are used in assorted electronic and electro-optical devices and are divided into elemental and compound semiconductors. Semiconductors must be single crystals and have extreme levels of purity combined with carefully controlled doping levels to maintain their unique properties. They form the basis for the nano-electronics industry and have applications in areas such as transistors, integrated circuits, solar devices, and lasers. Computational science has also greatly benefited from semiconductor research.
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