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What are the competing theories of consciousness? 

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Competing theories of consciousness include the emphasis on the primary role of either the cerebral cortex or the brain stem, or a combination of both in the brain . Field theories of consciousness propose that the substrate of consciousness is some kind of field in the brain, such as the electromagnetic (EM) field . Other theories include higher-order theories, global workspace theories, re-entry and predictive processing theories, and integrated information theory . There are also theories that consider consciousness as a simple integration of information or as a graded entity, while others equate consciousness with the content of awareness . Graziano's attention-schema theory (AST) of consciousness is another theory that connects with other theories of consciousness .

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Open accessPosted ContentDOI
17 Nov 2022
The paper discusses major theories of consciousness, including those that consider consciousness as an integration of information and those that propose the need for an agency in the process of integration.
Open accessJournal ArticleDOI
80 Citations
The paper discusses four prominent theoretical approaches to consciousness: higher-order theories, global workspace theories, re-entry and predictive processing theories, and integrated information theory.
The paper discusses competing ideas for the nature and source of consciousness, but does not explicitly mention what these theories are.
Open accessJournal ArticleDOI
2 Citations
The competing theories of consciousness discussed in the paper are conventional theories that assume consciousness is based on the brain's neuronal matter, field theories that propose consciousness is based on some kind of field in the brain, and electromagnetic theories that suggest consciousness is based on the brain's electromagnetic field.

Related Questions

How does the Marxist views explain human consciousness?4 answersMarxist views on human consciousness are deeply rooted in the understanding of human nature and social relations. Marx's theory emphasizes that human consciousness is intricately linked to conscious life activity, distinguishing humans from animals. Human nature, according to Marx, is defined by life activity driven by social relations and individual initiative, aiming to fulfill diverse human needs. Additionally, within the Marxist tradition, the concept of "class consciousness" is crucial, referring to the proletariat's awareness of themselves as a class and their collective strength to challenge the capitalist system. Marx presents the human individual as a cooperative self-actualizer whose development is hindered by the prevailing socioeconomic structure, leading to political upheavals in the pursuit of overcoming this frustration.
What are the possible criteria of compatibility between the identity theory and empirical theories of consciousness?5 answersEmpirical theories of consciousness require criteria of compatibility with the identity theory. However, the proposed criteria in the abstracts focus on functional equivalence between systems, which is not helpful for mechanistic theories of consciousness. To address this, a checklist of criteria for empirical theories of consciousness has been proposed, including the need for an unconscious alternative and the debate on the use of first-person data. Additionally, meta-criteria for criteria of consciousness include phenomenological consensus, empirical evidence, domain specificity, and non-circularity. These criteria aim to provide a framework for evaluating and comparing theories of consciousness from an empirical standpoint.
What are the different theories of the phenomenon?4 answersThere are different theories of the phenomenon discussed in the abstracts. One theory focuses on the social stratification systems and the differences between social status, social class, and social mobility. It suggests that social status is determined by legal regulations, while social class depends on the economic component of an individual's life. Another theory explores the superstar phenomenon in various industries, such as sports, music, and corporate structures. It examines economic factors that contribute to the concentration of high wages among a small group of earners and the impact on industry structures and economic well-being. Additionally, there is a theory that describes tourism as a complex combination of interrelated industries and trades, requiring a clear concept and precise definition of related terms for analysis. In the field of Pavlovian conditioning, there are both associative and nonassociative accounts of the unconditioned stimulus preexposure phenomenon, with variables such as context blocking and central habituation being considered. Lastly, there is research on superconductor materials, with theories explaining the phenomenon of superconductivity in low-temperature and high-temperature superconductors, as well as efforts to improve their critical temperature for wider applications.
What are some of the different theories about language?5 answersThere are several different theories about language. One theory is that language is a man-made rule-based system, similar to society and cultural habits, according to the structuralists. Another theory suggests that language is essentially symbolic, but recent work argues that linguistic symbols are public objects that augment a subsymbolic mind. Some researchers focus on the origin of language and the difficulty in understanding its development, as it is a complex task with no clear answers. Traditional linguistics viewed language as an activity that links sounds and meaning, but the syntax view of language suggests that children learn language through an innate mechanism that allows them to grasp syntax. Evolutionary theories of language have also been proposed, with interest in the topic dating back to antiquity and reaching its high point in the 18th century.
What are the different levels of consciousness?4 answersConsciousness comes in degrees and can be categorized into different levels. Four cognitive abilities, namely mirror self-recognition, theory of mind, mental time travel, and the capacity to entertain secondary representations, are important for discriminating these levels. These abilities can be assigned to three levels of consciousness: anoetic, noetic, and autonoetic. Anoetic consciousness refers to a basic level of consciousness without self-awareness, while noetic consciousness involves awareness of the present moment and the ability to understand the thoughts and intentions of others. Autonoetic consciousness is characterized by self-awareness and the ability to mentally travel through time, reflecting on past experiences and imagining future scenarios. These different levels of consciousness have implications for understanding behavioral organization in animals and humans, as well as for animal welfare science.
What are the theories in imagination?5 answersThere are several theories of imagination discussed in the provided abstracts. One theory proposes that imagination is a collective and flexible function that generates new ideas and possibilities based on previous knowledge. Another theory presents imagination as an intentional state where a subject conceives a situation that verifies a certain proposition. Additionally, imagination is seen as a complex notion in anthropology, describing the human capacity to mentally recreate what is not materially present and the creative process of imagining. Another theory suggests that imagination serves as a cognitive mechanism for generating new ideas without new evidence, allowing learners to generate hypotheses and solutions to problems. Finally, a theory of mental imagery and conscious mental contents proposes that imagination is closely related to seeing as and can play a role in creative thought.

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