Related phytochemical compounds?5 answersPhytochemical compounds have been extensively studied in various contexts. They have shown significant anti-inflammatory effects and potential inhibitory effects on inflammatory and oxidative pathways/mediators, making them suitable for reducing lung injury caused by COVID-19 infection. Phytochemicals derived from black rosehip fruits have been found to have high antioxidant activities, total phenolic content, total anthocyanin content, and total flavonoid content, making them a valuable raw material for vinegar production. Phytochemicals such as monomethyl branched chain fatty acids (mmBCFA), hydroxycitric acid, chlorogenic acid, and piperine have demonstrated antiglycation effects and antiproliferative effects against colorectal cancer cell lines. Phytochemicals have also been studied for their health benefits, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamic characteristics, and their application in the development of lead compounds and related drug analogs. Various phytochemicals, including alkaloids, flavonoids, phenolic acids, lignans, cinnamates, terpenes, and saponins, have been found to possess anxiolytic effects through interactions with different receptors and modulation of various pathways.
What are the main phytochemicals of kratom?5 answersThe main phytochemicals of kratom include mitragynine, 7-hydroxy mitragynine (7OH), mitragynine pseudoindoxyl (MP), corynantheidine, corynoxine, corynoxine B, mitraciliatine, and isopaynantheine. These alkaloids interact with opioid, adrenergic, serotonergic, and other receptors, providing various effects such as analgesia, energy, improved mood, and relaxation. Mitragynine, the major bioactive alkaloid in kratom, acts on opioid receptors and exhibits analgesic properties with less severe side effects than typical opioids. Other reported effects of kratom include antinociceptive, anti-inflammatory, anti-depressant, and muscle relaxant properties. However, prolonged consumption of kratom can lead to dependence, tolerance, and aversive withdrawal symptoms. While the clinical manifestations and risks of kratom use are not well-defined, there have been reports of adverse effects such as psychosis, seizures, intrahepatic cholestasis, and deaths associated with kratom exposure. Further research is needed to fully understand the benefits and risks of kratom and its phytochemical constituents.
What are the phytochemicals?3 answersPhytochemicals are organic chemical substances derived from the secondary metabolism of plants. They serve as a defensive system against stress factors and play a role in plant reproduction by providing color to fruits and flowers. Phytochemicals have been used in folk medicine and are now being studied for their potential as drugs against communicable and noncommunicable diseases. These biologically active compounds are classified into groups such as phenolics, carotenoids, alkaloids, and terpenoids. They are known for their potential health benefits, including the prevention of various diseases, such as cancer. Phytochemicals are found in plant foods and are helpful for plants to survive under environmental stresses and resist infections. They also have beneficial effects on human health, such as protecting against chronic diseases like coronary heart disease, diabetes, and inflammation. Phytochemicals are bioactive compounds that regulate physiological processes and have been studied for their effects on various cancers.
What are the secondary metabolites present in clausena?5 answersClausena plants contain various secondary metabolites. These include alkaloids, coumarins, terpenoids, saponins, and sugars. Some specific compounds identified in Clausena species are mukonal, 3-methylcarbazole, murrastinine, murrayanine, heptaphylline, girinimbine, and citric acid. These metabolites have shown antimicrobial activity against bacteria, fungi, and protozoa. Additionally, Clausena harmandiana has been found to contain carbazoles and coumarins that exhibit glucose uptake activity in L6 myotubes. The presence of these secondary metabolites in Clausena plants suggests their potential use in the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases and as a means of degrading pesticides.
What are the different compounds found in Salvia officinalis?5 answersSalvia officinalis contains a variety of compounds. The main compounds found in the essential oils of S. officinalis are naphthalenone, camphor, 1.8-cineole, and α-thujone. The ethanol extracts of S. officinalis also contain polyphenols, phenolic acids, flavonoids, and terpenoids. Additionally, S. officinalis contains phenolic compounds such as rosmarinic acid, carnosic acid, and carnosol. The extract of S. officinalis has been found to contain cirsiliol, luteolin, and carnosol. Finally, S. officinalis has been studied for its antioxidant activity and the presence of compounds such as chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, and rosmarinic acid.
What are the compounds of natural plant extracts?2 answersNatural plant extracts contain a variety of compounds with diverse biological activities. These compounds can include antioxidants, antibiotics, antivirals, anticancer agents, antiparasitics, antifungals, hypoglycemics, anti-hypertensives, and insecticides. Some specific examples of compounds found in natural plant extracts include isothiocyanates, organic cyanides, oxazolidnethiones, and ionic thiocyanate. Additionally, plant extracts used for the prevention of red tide can include extracts from Sophora flavescens Ait, sweet flag, and Eugenia caryophyllata. In the context of rheumatoid arthritis treatment, natural plant extracts and compounds have been found to effectively regulate the immune system by inhibiting pro-inflammatory cytokines. Furthermore, plant extracts and natural compounds have shown potential for protecting the skin from the damaging effects of UVB radiation, such as oxidative stress and DNA damage.