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What are the global impacts of autism? 

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The global impacts of autism have steadily increased over the past few decades. The prevalence of autism has risen significantly, with estimates ranging from 1% to 2% of children worldwide . This increase in prevalence has led to a rise in the burden of autism, both in terms of health loss and economic costs. Autism has been shown to cause significant health loss, particularly for preschool children in higher socioeconomic level countries . The economic burden of autism is also substantial, with costs attributed to long-term care and lost wages . Additionally, autism has a significant impact on families, affecting the health and well-being of the entire family . The global impacts of autism extend beyond health and economic costs. Autism has garnered increased attention and awareness, leading to advocacy and research efforts to support individuals with autism and their families .

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Open accessJournal ArticleDOI
M.J. Rosanoff, A.M. Daniels, Andy Shih 
12 Mar 2015
8 Citations
The paper discusses the global impact of autism, including its effects on the health and well-being of individuals and their families, as well as the long-term economic burden on society.
Open accessJournal ArticleDOI
Eva-Maria Hahler, Mayada Elsabbagh 
67 Citations
The paper discusses the global burden of autism and its impact on individuals and their families, including physical symptoms, intellectual disability, psychiatric symptoms, and the increased risk of stress and mental health problems for parents.
Open accessDissertation
01 Oct 2018
34 Citations
The paper discusses the impacts of autism on individuals, families, and communities, including the financial burden it places on families and the potential economic costs to the U.S. economy.
The paper discusses the global burden of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in terms of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs). It states that the DALYs numbers due to ASD increased by 39% globally from 1990 to 2019, indicating a significant impact on health worldwide.

Related Questions

How many autistic children age into adulthood every year worldwide?4 answersApproximately 100,000 autistic youths transition into adulthood each year globally. Epidemiological data estimates that autism affects around 1%-2% of children worldwide, with 52 million cases existing globally. The negative impact of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) persists into adulthood, with a global lifetime prevalence of around 1%. The incidence rate of autism was 1 in 110 kids in 2006 and increased to 1 in 88 births by 2012. In the United Kingdom, it is estimated that there are around 60,000 adults with ASD, with a significant portion being over 55 years old and diagnosed within the last decade. This data collectively highlights the substantial number of autistic individuals transitioning into adulthood annually on a global scale.
How does the incidence of autism spectrum disorder vary across different countries and regions?4 answersThe incidence of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) varies globally. Data from multiple studies show that the prevalence of ASD differs across continents. Studies indicate that the prevalence of ASD in Asia, America, Europe, Africa, and Australia ranges from 0.4% to 1.7%. Furthermore, variations in the burden of ASD are observed across different countries and regions. For instance, high-income regions like North America, Asia Pacific, and Western Europe exhibit a significant burden of ASD. Variations in levels of autism acceptance, camouflaging, and mental health difficulties are also noted across countries, with unique profiles of mental health burdens identified. These findings emphasize the importance of understanding and addressing the diverse incidence and impact of ASD globally to implement appropriate interventions and support systems.
What are the prevalence rates of autism in children worldwide?5 answersThe prevalence rates of autism in children worldwide vary across studies. According to a systematic review and meta-analysis, the pooled prevalence estimate for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) was 0.72% (95% CI = 0.61–0.85). Another review found a median prevalence of 100/10,000 (range: 1.09/10,000 to 436.0/10,000) globally. A meta-analysis focusing on high-risk groups by continent reported a prevalence of 0.6% (95% CI: 0.4-1%) for ASD worldwide. However, it is important to note that these estimates may vary due to factors such as study design, geographical region, and income level. The increase in measured autism prevalence globally may be attributed to factors such as increased community awareness, progress in case identification, and an increase in community capacity. Further research with large, representative samples and comparable diagnostic criteria is needed to better understand the prevalence of autism in children worldwide.
What are the Risk factors for autism?5 answersThe risk factors for autism include perinatal factors such as breech presentation, low Apgar score at 5 minutes, and gestational age at birth <35 weeks. Parental psychiatric history, specifically schizophrenia-like psychosis and affective disorder, is also associated with an increased risk of autism. Other potential risk factors include the use of medication during pregnancy, a high risk of miscarriage, fetal complications during labor or delivery, and a low APGAR score. Environmental factors, genetic factors, and epigenetic factors all play a role in determining the risk of autism. However, the specific environmental risk factors for autism are still being identified, with drugs, environmental chemicals, infectious agents, dietary factors, and physical/psychological stressors being the most promising candidates. Further research is needed to understand the interactions between genes and environmental factors in autism. Some known risk factors for autism include maternal smoking during early pregnancy, mercury exposure, organophosphate pesticide exposure, nutrient deficiencies, paternal or maternal older age, gestational age, delivery circumstances, summer pregnancy, and assisted conception.
What is the current prevalence of autism in the US?5 answersThe current prevalence of autism in the US is estimated to be 1 in every 44 children, which is over 2% of the population. However, there has been a threefold increase in autism diagnoses from 2012 to 2020, which may be due to the inclusion of a range of conditions under the autism spectrum disorder (ASD) umbrella category. It is suggested that 75% of those diagnosed with ASD may not actually be autistic, raising questions about the accuracy of recent research into the genetic causes and risks for autism.
What is the impact of stress on autism?5 answersStress has a significant impact on autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Children with ASD have aggravated stress responses, particularly fear responses, and the amygdala, which is involved in social behavior and stress responses, undergoes anatomical changes in ASD. Maternal stress has been strongly associated with an increased risk of developing ASD. Parents of children with ASD experience definite stress, including personal time constraints and concerns for the future. Impaired emotion regulation and loss of established structure and routine contribute to parental stress in individuals with ASD during the COVID-19 pandemic. The stress response system plays a crucial role in adaptation to daily stressors, and a failure of this system can lead to negative physiological and psychological impacts, including anxiety. Overall, stress has a detrimental effect on individuals with ASD, exacerbating their symptoms and impacting their well-being and development.

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