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What are the main threats to terrestrial orchids? 

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The main threats to terrestrial orchids include plant collection for human use, wrong habitat management, disturbance to symbionts such as pollinators and mycorrhizal fungi, habitat destruction and fragmentation, climate change, pollution, transportation, disturbance/development for tourism and recreation activities, land clearing for shifting agriculture, and illegal collecting . These threats have led to a decline in wild orchid populations, with terrestrial orchids being particularly vulnerable. Terrestrial orchids have a long life cycle and are highly dependent on mycorrhizal fungi for germination and establishment. The loss of suitable habitats and the depletion of their fungal symbionts further contribute to their decline. Conservation efforts should focus on protecting local healthy populations, implementing sustainable plant collection practices, and addressing the broader threats of habitat destruction, climate change, and illegal collecting .

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The main threats to terrestrial orchids are illegal collecting, habitat loss and fragmentation, climate change, and natural system modifications.
The main threats to terrestrial orchids are the decline in their population due to habitat loss and the high demand for their tuber material for commercial purposes.
The main threats to terrestrial orchids mentioned in the paper are plant collection for human use, wrong habitat management, and disturbance to symbionts such as pollinators and mycorrhizal fungi.
Open accessBook ChapterDOI
17 Apr 2020
1 Citations
The main threats to terrestrial orchids in the Australian landscape are habitat destruction and fragmentation.

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