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What are the research instruments used in reading comprehension? 

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The research instruments used in reading comprehension include observation, interview, questionnaires, tests of problem solving, document analysis checklist, and English text matter. These instruments were used to gather data on various aspects of reading comprehension such as the strategies used by English teachers, cognitive processes involved in reading, reading development levels, and difficulties experienced by students in understanding English texts. The observation and interview methods were used to recognize and discover the application of teaching strategies by English teachers in online learning . The reading assessment instruments analyzed different aspects of reading processes and abilities through off-line measures . Experiments and instruments were used to investigate the relationship between cognitive strategies, prior knowledge, and understanding of multimodal texts . The methods used by English teachers in teaching reading comprehension were identified through observation, document analysis checklist, and interview . The difficulties experienced by students in reading English texts were explored through discussions and a descriptive study .

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Open accessJournal ArticleDOI
30 Dec 2019
3 Citations
The research instrument used in the study on reading comprehension is a matter of English text.
The research instruments used in the study on teaching reading comprehension were observation, document analysis checklist, and interview.
The research instruments used in reading comprehension in the provided paper are questionnaires and tests of problem solving.
The research instruments used in teaching reading comprehension in the provided paper are observation and interview.

Related Questions

What are the reading comprehension?5 answersReading comprehension involves the ability to construct mental representations of written texts, incorporating new knowledge and solving problems. It is a multifaceted process that relies on various linguistic abilities like vocabulary, syntax processing, and orthographic recognition. Comprehension is facilitated by the interaction between external text information and internal prior knowledge stored in long-term memory, leading to the construction of mental models that include text surface representation and propositional representation. Successful comprehension entails forming coherent mental representations where elements of the text are connected via semantic relations, requiring focused attention and the construction of topic-specific mental models. Models and assessment methods for reading comprehension are developed based on the complex nature of the process, with considerations for languages with different orthographic transparency levels.
Who can be help in conducting research about reading comprehension difficulties?5 answersTeachers can play a crucial role in conducting research about reading comprehension difficulties. They can assist in identifying the challenges students face in understanding English reading texts, determining the reasons behind these difficulties, and exploring effective strategies to help students overcome them. Additionally, involving EFL teachers in research endeavors can provide valuable insights into the factors influencing students' reading comprehension abilities, such as background knowledge, language proficiency, and motivation. By collaborating with teachers, researchers can gather data through interviews, questionnaires, and reading comprehension tests to comprehensively analyze the difficulties students encounter and the contributing factors. Ultimately, teachers' involvement in research can lead to the development of practical solutions and instructional approaches to enhance students' reading comprehension skills.
What are statistical tool for analyzing reading comprehension test?4 answersStatistical tools for analyzing reading comprehension tests include Mokken Scale Analysis (MSA), Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), and SPSS statistical software. Additionally, construct validity evidences can be obtained through full information factorial analysis. Likelihood ratio tests, Bayesian information criterion (BIC), and Akaike information criterion (AIC) can be used for model comparisons. The expected-a-posteriori (EAP) estimation method can be employed to estimate person's ability, item discrimination index, item difficulty index, and pseudo-chance parameter. Item information functions, test information function (TIF), and item characteristic curves (ICCs) can also be reported.
How do reading comprehension scales measure reading comprehension?5 answersReading comprehension scales measure reading comprehension by assessing various aspects of the reader's understanding and use of cognitive and metacognitive processes. Traditional measures of reading comprehension provide a general indicator of how well a student understands text, but they do not provide information about the specific processes used or why a student may be struggling. Innovative assessment measures, such as the Reading Strategy Assessment Tool (RSAT), aim to assess both comprehension and comprehension strategies by analyzing readers' responses to questions after reading target sentences. These measures analyze the extent to which readers use comprehension processes and the number of content words in their answers, which are indicators of emerging comprehension. Advances in contemporary approaches to assessment of reading comprehension also consider the material presented for comprehending and the format used for assessing comprehension. In the future, multimethod modeling of latent variables underlying different tests of reading comprehension could further integrate these approaches.
What are the different types of comprehension tests?5 answersThere are different types of comprehension tests. Diagnostic and phonic tests serve specific functions, while pronunciation or word tests are often assumed to be measures of comprehension. One type of comprehension test distinguishes between the ability to comprehend material presented aurally and the ability to comprehend the same material in its printed form. Additionally, there are selected-response test methods and constructed-response test methods for assessing reading comprehension. Selected-response tests include matching tests and multiple-choice tests, while constructed-response tests involve free recall tasks. These different types of tests can be used to assess reading comprehension skills in various ways.
Measuring reading comprehension?5 answersMeasuring reading comprehension involves assessing the ability to understand and interpret written text. Different approaches to measuring reading comprehension have been explored in the literature. Some studies have focused on the material presented for comprehending and the format used for assessing comprehension, such as multiple-choice questions or free recall assessments. Other studies have examined the relationship between standardized tests and other assessment techniques, such as written recalls. Additionally, there are contrasting views on reading comprehension in first-language (L1) and second-language (L2) reading research, which have implications for L2 reading assessment. Predictive validity, difficulty, and discriminability are important factors to consider when evaluating the effectiveness of different assessment techniques for measuring reading comprehension. Overall, measuring reading comprehension requires considering various factors, including the material presented, the assessment format, and the relationship between different assessment techniques.

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