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What are the unique features of Tunisian Arabic compared to other dialects of Arabic? 

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Tunisian Arabic stands out from other Arabic dialects due to its distinctive phasal polarity system, including expressions for concepts like "still," "not yet," "no longer," and "already". Additionally, the linguistic landscape in Tunisia is witnessing a shift, with vernaculars increasingly being used in written form, reflecting a transition towards unmarked written status for Tunisian Arabic. Historically, Tunisian Arabic literature has been influenced by various cultural and linguistic currents, such as the Judeo-Arabic literature in Hebrew characters and later in Arabic script, responding to French colonialism and political changes. Furthermore, the aspectual and temporal expressions in Tunisian Arabic, particularly in the Jewish Gabes dialect, exhibit unique strategies and origins, hinting at a Northwest Semitic substrate in Judeo-Arabic.

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Tunisian Arabic exhibits distinct tense and aspect expressions, with unique preverbal particles and divergent active participle functions between Jewish and Muslim varieties, hinting at a Northwest Semitic influence.
Tunisian Arabic literature emerged in the late 19th century, influenced by Judeo-Arabic and French culture. It evolved through satire, folklore, and modern mediums, reflecting colonial and cultural shifts.
Tunisian Arabic exhibits a growing presence in written form, with a shift towards Tunisian lexical items over Standard Arabic equivalents, reflecting a shift in language identity and national pride.
Tunisian Arabic uses French-based transliterations, like 'ch' for ش, reflecting local language variations. It aligns with Tunisians' common usage, making it more recognizable compared to other Arabic dialects.
Tunisian Arabic features unique phasal polarity expressions like "still," "not yet," and "no longer," with variations in how "already" is expressed across sedentary and Bedouin varieties.

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