scispace - formally typeset
Search or ask a question

What building materials are used in Horticulture System? 


Best insight from top research papers

In horticulture systems, various building materials are utilized to create efficient growing mediums and structures. These materials include composted bark, carbon-based fibrous materials, hydrophilic polymers, sea solids, beneficial bacteria/fungicides . Additionally, soilless substrates in horticulture often consist of inorganic or synthetic materials, with a shift towards organic components for precision production applications . Plastic plays a significant role in horticulture through plasticulture, offering benefits like drip irrigation, plastic mulches, and packaging for produce quality and post-harvest management . Moreover, the use of hydrophilic polymers in horticulture aids in increasing water-holding capacity, pore size/number, nutrient reserves, and reducing soil compaction . These diverse materials contribute to the development of sustainable and effective horticultural systems.

Answers from top 4 papers

More filters
Papers (4)Insight
Plastics are the primary building materials used in horticulture systems, specifically in plasticulture applications such as drip irrigation, mulching, packaging, and post-harvest management for improved crop quality.
Patent
Allan Huberman, William J Watson 
30 Sep 2009
28 Citations
The horticultural growth medium in the system consists of composted bark, a carbon-based fibrous material, a hydrophilic polymer, sea solid, and beneficial bacteria/fungicide, providing structural stability and nutrient balance.
In horticulture systems, inorganic materials, synthetic organic materials, and peat are commonly used as building materials in soilless culture systems for precision production applications.
The eco-friendly polymeric material developed for horticulture application includes poly(lactic acid) (PLA) mixed with wood fibers, coffee grounds, fertilizer, and a foaming agent, enhancing biodegradability and mechanical properties.

Related Questions

What is the material of mortar?5 answersMortar is a building material primarily composed of cement, fine aggregate (such as sand), water, and sometimes coarse aggregate. The composition and characteristics of the constituents of mortar significantly impact its strength and properties. Different types of sand, such as river sand and mountain sand, can affect the compressive strength of mortar differently. Additionally, mortar can be enhanced by partially replacing fine aggregate with metallic mineral extraction residues and stabilizing them with limestone material, leading to a novel mortar or concrete material. The choice of sand, like granite sand, can influence the strength and microstructural development of mortars, especially when used with specific types of cement or fly ash. Furthermore, mortar base materials can include various additives like waterproof agents, defoaming agents, and fungicides to improve properties like water absorption and mold resistance.
How do soil material influence crop?4 answersSoil materials play a crucial role in influencing crop growth and productivity. Different soil materials impact crops in various ways. For instance, the addition of zeolite, phosphogypsum, and defecate to soil has been shown to increase the productivity of crops like peas, spring wheat, and oats, enhancing their growth and survival. Additionally, materials like furnace slag and converter slag from the metallurgical industry can neutralize soil acidity, improve nutrient utilization by crops, and significantly increase maize, wheat, and pea production without the risk of heavy metal accumulation. Moreover, the parent material of the soil, such as loess, alluvium, shale, and sandstone, influences phosphorus distribution and availability, affecting plant uptake and soil fertility. Understanding the impact of soil materials on crops is essential for optimizing agricultural practices and enhancing overall agricultural productivity.
What building materials are used in NetherLands Horticulture System?5 answersIn the Netherlands Horticulture System, various building materials are utilized to enhance energy efficiency and sustainability. One key material is double glass covering with modern coatings, which helps in reducing energy losses and maintaining high production levels. Additionally, alternative substrates like coir products, various barks, rice hulls, perlite, wood fiber, composts, and rockwool granulate are being explored as substitutes for peat in growing media, aiming to reduce nutrient emissions and improve sustainability. Moreover, closed soilless growing systems are being developed, necessitating investments in environmentally friendly cropping systems to comply with regulations, with a focus on disinfection of nutrient solutions using methods like slow sand filtration. These materials and systems collectively contribute to advancing sustainability and efficiency in Dutch horticulture.
What are the benefits of reusing materials for gardening in the school?5 answersReusing materials for gardening in schools offers multiple benefits. It promotes sustainability and environmental education, introducing students to the concept of reusing and reducing waste. Additionally, it can save costs for schools by utilizing materials that would otherwise be discarded. Reusing materials also provides hands-on learning opportunities for students, allowing them to engage in experiential learning and develop practical skills. It can enhance students' overall academic performance, as studies have shown that involvement in gardening improves academic outcomes and increases interest in learning. Furthermore, reusing materials for gardening can contribute to students' physical health by encouraging them to adopt better nutritional habits. It also strengthens connections between schools and the community, as gardens can be used as a valuable tool to teach curriculum and instill a sense of responsibility in participants.
What are the most commonly used construction materials?4 answersThe most commonly used construction materials include stones, concrete, plastics, bitumen, glass, wood, metals, bricks, polymers, tiles, and heat resisting materials. Concrete and wood are the most common construction materials, and they are complex and hierarchical materials with a microstructure extending down to the nanoscale. Other commonly used materials include lime, cement, sand, and surki. Additionally, construction materials can also include tourmaline powder, titanium dioxide, agalmatolite, yellow soil, seawater, chlorides, nickel-copper alloy, aluminum, tin, copper, iron, waste iron oxide, sand dust, ferrite, and charcoal. Some construction materials also incorporate cut-up plastic fragments, cut-up tyre and/or glass fragments, gravel, and stone chips.
What are the best organic materials to use for hydroponics?5 answersThe best organic materials to use for hydroponics include organic materials with a specific conductivity of less than 10^-2 S/cm and a nonionic charge carrier mobility greater than 10^-4 cm^2/Vs. Additionally, the use of liquid organic fertilizers from cocoa leather and organic fertilizer liquid cow dung has shown positive effects on the growth and production of kale plants. Furthermore, the method of producing a biomineral-containing substance by establishing a microbial ecosystem necessary for stable mineralization of organic material and utilizing it as part of the nutrient solution has been found effective in hydroponic culture. It is also worth noting that a pond water purifying garden using natural ecology environment, which supplies organic materials from the excrements of fresh water fish and shellfish, can be used for organic water-culture of plants in hydroponics.

See what other people are reading

What happens in economic aspect if filipino corn farmers also engage in other crop production?
4 answers
Engaging in other crop production alongside corn farming can have economic implications for Filipino farmers. Traditional open-field maize farming without hedgerows remains popular due to its economic attractiveness in the short term, with lower establishment costs compared to hedgerow intercropping. However, integrating trees like indigenous timber species with maize cultivation can provide similar returns to monocropping scenarios, especially when accounting for net subsidies and taxes, favoring tree intercropping at high tree densities. Furthermore, the adoption of modern agricultural practices like land consolidation for efficient mechanization can lead to increased farm production, reduced costs, and improved productivity, ultimately contributing to poverty alleviation in rural areas. Therefore, diversifying crop production while considering cost-benefit analyses and modernization strategies can positively impact the economic outcomes for Filipino corn farmers.
What measures are being taken to mitigate the effects of floods in Ethiopia?
4 answers
In Ethiopia, various measures are being implemented to mitigate the effects of floods. These measures include landscape-based strategies like constructing check dams, farm ponds, percolation ponds, and terracing to manage floodwaters effectively. Additionally, adaptation and mitigation efforts involve indigenous knowledge, conservation practices, and policy responses to combat climate change, focusing on sectors like agriculture, water, energy, and health. Structural flood management measures such as retarding structures, channel improvements, embankments, and levees are being planned to control floodwaters in vulnerable areas like the lower Kulfo river reach. Furthermore, sustainable land use optimization techniques and Low Impact Development (LID) strategies are being utilized in urban areas to reduce flood magnitudes caused by urbanization and climate change. These comprehensive approaches aim to address the multifaceted causes and impacts of flooding in Ethiopia.
What factors have influenced the development of climate-related insurance products and services over time?
4 answers
The development of climate-related insurance products and services has been significantly influenced by a combination of global warming, the increasing frequency and intensity of natural disasters, and the economic and social impacts of these changes. Global warming and climate change have led to more frequent and severe weather events, such as hurricanes, droughts, and floods, which have underscored the need for insurance mechanisms that can mitigate the financial risks associated with these disasters. The economic costs associated with extreme weather events have risen, particularly affecting lesser-developed countries, thereby highlighting the importance of insurance in financing adaptation measures and mobilizing investments to build resilience. The insurance industry's role in adapting to climate change has evolved, with insurers increasingly recognizing the necessity of incorporating climate change into their risk assessments and product offerings. This shift is partly due to the direct connection between sustainable practices and reduced risk, as seen in industries like construction, which faces pressure to adapt to climate changes by building less polluting and more resilient structures. Moreover, the unpredictability of climate changes has prompted the insurance sector to consider withdrawing insurance against natural disasters, further emphasizing the need for innovative solutions. International and national policies have also played a crucial role in shaping the insurance industry's response to climate change. The involvement of insurance companies in climate change adaptation is influenced by national adaptation policies, which can either facilitate or hinder the development of climate-related insurance products. Additionally, the global discourse on loss and damage, risk-insurance facilities, and climate-risk pooling at international conferences has contributed to a growing awareness among insurers of the challenges and opportunities presented by climate change. In summary, the development of climate-related insurance products and services has been driven by the increasing impacts of global warming and natural disasters, the economic and social consequences of these events, the evolving recognition of climate change risks within the insurance industry, and the influence of international and national policies.
How effective is using tomato juice as an alternative to water in soap making?
5 answers
Using tomato juice as an alternative to water in soap making can offer various benefits. Tomato juice is rich in lycopene, a potent antioxidant that can reduce inflammation. Additionally, tomato juice can be processed into a natural colorant powder with good foam properties, stability, and density, making it a versatile ingredient. The foam mat drying method for tomato powder production has been optimized, showing that incorporating egg albumin as a foaming agent can enhance the drying process and produce quality powders. Furthermore, the preparation method of tomato juice ensures a uniform bright red color, inherent taste, and fragrance of tomatoes, making it a desirable ingredient for soap making. Overall, incorporating tomato juice in soap making can provide antioxidant benefits, natural color, and a unique fragrance.
Life cycle assessment of roads maintenance?
4 answers
Life cycle assessment (LCA) plays a crucial role in evaluating the environmental sustainability of road maintenance techniques. Studies show that using recycled materials in road construction is more sustainable and environmentally friendly than using virgin materials. Additionally, the choice of road restoration and maintenance techniques significantly impacts environmental performance, with deep recycling showing a 47% lower impact compared to structural reinforcement techniques over a 30-year cycle. Integrating LCA into Infrastructure Building Information Modeling (IBIM) tools allows for the automatic evaluation of sustainability criteria during the design stage, aiding in selecting the most environmentally and economically sustainable road pavement solutions. Furthermore, the environmental impacts of winter road maintenance operations, particularly the use of deicer, are significant and should be considered in cold-climate road LCA studies to identify emissions hotspots and potential for reductions.
What is the literature review of fossil fuel energy consumptionin Pakistan?
4 answers
The literature review on fossil fuel energy consumption in Pakistan reveals significant findings. Studies indicate a strong link between economic growth and energy consumption, with negative impacts on industry and positive effects on agriculture and services. Furthermore, research emphasizes the role of fossil energy consumption in carbon dioxide emissions, suggesting a need for sustainable growth through energy efficiency and renewable sources. The association between economic development and coal consumption is explored, highlighting bidirectional causality and the benefits of coal in economic advancement and unemployment reduction. Sector-level analysis demonstrates the impact of oil and natural gas consumption on economic growth, with positive effects in agriculture and power sectors. Additionally, the STIRPAT model underscores the contribution of fossil fuel consumption, population growth, and poverty to carbon emissions, advocating for a transition to renewable energy sources to mitigate carbon emissions in Pakistan.
What were the different roles that animals played in prehistoric societies, such as hunting, gathering, or herding?
4 answers
Animals in prehistoric societies served various roles, including hunting, gathering, and herding. In the southern Levant, wild animals were a supplementary food source alongside livestock during the Late Bronze and Iron Ages. At Pingcheng, hunting was crucial for feeding soldiers and was depicted in murals, showcasing the power dynamics within the society. Dogs in early agricultural societies in China had different relationships with humans based on their diet and activities, ranging from foraging to hunting assistance. The Neolithic marked a shift towards managing domesticated animals for food, impacting societal structures and food procurement strategies across Europe. Additionally, hide processing was a significant activity in northern hunter-gatherer societies, highlighting the importance of animals beyond just food provision.
What are the current innovation here in the philippines of sweet potato?
4 answers
In the Philippines, current innovations in sweet potato include the development of processed products like sweet potato hopia, yoghurt, churros, and candies, utilizing different cultivars such as 'Bengueta' and 'Haponita' with high nutritional value and functional pigments. Additionally, interventions like using high-yield varieties, stem-cutting techniques, and staggered planting have significantly increased sweet potato yields, although challenges like low market demand persist. Furthermore, the exploration of biological controls like entomopathogenic nematodes for managing the sweet potato weevil is underway, showing promise as an effective, economical, and environmentally-friendly alternative to chemical control methods. These innovations aim to enhance sweet potato production, improve food security, and boost the income of small-scale farmers in the Philippines.
What are the benefits of using wastwater in hydroponic systems?
5 answers
The benefits of using wastewater in hydroponic systems are significant. Wastewater, after appropriate treatment, can enhance food production by providing nutrients and improving yield quality. Hydroponic systems, which involve growing plants without soil, offer a favorable environment for plant growth while reducing water consumption and protecting plants from soil-borne illnesses and pests. Additionally, the utilization of wastewater in hydroponics aids in reducing pollutant loads, making it an effective method for both food production and wastewater treatment. The practice of using reclaimed water for irrigation, supported by organizations like the EPA, WHO, and EU, highlights the sustainability and efficiency of integrating wastewater into hydroponic systems for agricultural purposes.
What are the merits and demerits in enzymatic hydrolysis of textile waste in to a textile?
5 answers
Enzymatic hydrolysis of textile waste into textiles presents several advantages and challenges. The enzymatic hydrolysis process offers a sustainable solution for recycling textile waste. It allows for the conversion of waste textiles into valuable building blocks like glucose and terephthalic acid, which can be used to create new polymers. However, the process faces hurdles such as the need for pretreatment methods to enhance efficiency due to the high crystallinity and dye content of textile materials. Additionally, enzymatic hydrolysis may require high enzyme loads, energy consumption, and chemical demands, impacting the overall feasibility and sustainability of the recycling process. Despite these challenges, advancements in enzymatic hydrolysis, including mechanical refining as a chemical-free pretreatment, show promise in improving efficiency and sustainability in converting textile waste into textiles.
What are the key components of a SWOT analysis in business strategy?
10 answers
A SWOT analysis, standing for Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats, is a comprehensive strategic planning tool used to evaluate and guide decision-making in various projects and organizational strategies. The key components of a SWOT analysis in business strategy encompass internal and external factors that can impact the organization's ability to achieve its objectives. Strengths and Weaknesses form the internal analysis part of SWOT, focusing on internal attributes and resources that support or hinder the achievement of an organization's goals. Strengths are the unique advantages or core competencies that give an organization an edge in the market, such as advanced technology, skilled workforce, strong brand reputation, or efficient processes. Weaknesses, on the other hand, are internal limitations or areas where the organization may lack resources or capabilities, potentially putting it at a disadvantage compared to competitors. Opportunities and Threats are concerned with external factors that the organization might exploit or need to defend against. Opportunities refer to external trends or situations that the organization could leverage to its advantage, such as market growth, technological advancements, or changes in regulatory landscapes. Threats include external challenges that could pose risks to the organization's performance or strategic goals, such as competitive pressures, economic downturns, or adverse regulatory changes. Effective application of SWOT analysis allows organizations to develop strategic insights by identifying how internal strengths can be used to seize external opportunities, how internal weaknesses can be addressed to mitigate threats, and how to position the organization competitively in its environment. This strategic tool is versatile and can be adapted to a wide range of contexts, from health promotionand educational projects, to international cooperationand environmental sustainability initiatives, making it a fundamental component of business strategy formulation and execution.