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What building materials are used in NetherLands Horticulture System? 

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In the Netherlands Horticulture System, various building materials are utilized to enhance energy efficiency and sustainability. One key material is double glass covering with modern coatings, which helps in reducing energy losses and maintaining high production levels . Additionally, alternative substrates like coir products, various barks, rice hulls, perlite, wood fiber, composts, and rockwool granulate are being explored as substitutes for peat in growing media, aiming to reduce nutrient emissions and improve sustainability . Moreover, closed soilless growing systems are being developed, necessitating investments in environmentally friendly cropping systems to comply with regulations, with a focus on disinfection of nutrient solutions using methods like slow sand filtration . These materials and systems collectively contribute to advancing sustainability and efficiency in Dutch horticulture.

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The Netherlands Horticulture System primarily focuses on closed soilless growing systems, emphasizing environmental sustainability. Growers use materials like plastics, substrates, and disinfection equipment, with a shift towards eco-friendly practices.
The Netherlands Horticulture System uses bio-ALE, a polymer from aerobic granular sludge, as a building material. It is derived from wastewater and contributes to the circular economy.
The Netherlands Horticulture System uses high-insulating double glass with anti-reflection and low-emission coatings for energy efficiency and light transmission, reducing energy consumption and CO2 emissions significantly.
Building materials such as substrate in pots, gutters, and troughs are used in soilless cultivation systems for horticultural crops in the Netherlands to reduce nitrogen emissions.

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