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What does it mean internal states according to psychology? 

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Internal states, according to psychology, refer to the dynamic and interconnected communication loops within and between the body and the brain that influence perception and behavior. These internal states are influenced by factors such as hunger, social engagement, and individual experiences. Internal state is composed of spatially distributed networks and temporally distributed mechanisms that involve neural circuits, physiology, and behavior. The definition of internal state is fluid and can vary depending on the scales at which it is defined. However, it is often anchored in the body, with a focus on body-to-brain signaling through endocrine and sensory pathways. This integrative framework of internal state aims to unite the different paradigms used by scientists studying body-brain interactions . The external mind does not always reflect what the inner mind thinks, as shown in literature from different cultures and historical periods . Internalism, which argues that mental states depend solely on what occurs inside the head, is challenged by the recognition that humans have developed methods to store information externally, extending and enhancing the brain's functions . In the context of romantic relationships, positive internal attributes such as love, happiness, and kindness are highly desired qualities in a long-term partner . The field of health psychology faces a lack of well-developed theories, which may hinder the understanding of internal states in relation to health .

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Internal states in psychology refer to the thoughts, emotions, and mental processes that occur within an individual's mind and are not directly observable by others.
Internal states, according to this perspective, are dynamic and interconnected communication loops within and between the body and the brain.

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