scispace - formally typeset
Search or ask a question

What is the archaeological evidence for social darwinism? 

Best insight from top research papers

Archaeological evidence for social Darwinism is not explicitly mentioned in the abstracts provided. However, the abstracts discuss the study of social evolution, the relationship between archaeology and anthropology, and the use of evolutionary theory in understanding cultural change. These abstracts highlight the importance of collaboration between archaeologists and ethnologists, the need for a better understanding of social structures in prehistoric societies, and the application of evolutionary biology in studying patterns of cultural change. While the abstracts touch on the concept of social Darwinism in relation to the broader discussion of social evolution, they do not provide specific archaeological evidence for it.

Answers from top 5 papers

More filters
Papers (5)Insight
Open accessBook Chapter
29 Aug 2019
1 Citations
The text does not provide any information about archaeological evidence for social Darwinism.
The provided text does not mention any archaeological evidence for social Darwinism.
Open accessBook ChapterDOI
Robert Foley, Phyllis C. Lee 
15 Aug 2005
11 Citations
The paper does not provide any specific archaeological evidence for social Darwinism.
The text does not provide any information about archaeological evidence for social Darwinism.
The paper does not mention any specific evidence for social Darwinism.

Related Questions

How did the Maya civilization evolve over time?4 answersThe evolution of the Maya civilization over time was multifaceted. Studies show changes in sociodemographic factors influenced weaving apprenticeship among the Maya, impacting the transmission of traditional practices. Additionally, the Maya's relationship with the environment evolved, as seen in shifts in animal resource composition at Ceibal due to sociopolitical changes and long-distance exchange networks. Analysis of dynastic information networks revealed shifts in power dynamics among Maya elites, influenced by ecological conditions and decision-making practices over 3000 years. Wealth distribution analysis using house sizes indicated varying levels of inequality across different Maya sites, with economic disparities fluctuating over different periods. Architectural transformations at Nakum reflect religious and social changes, transitioning from solar observations to a sacred site associated with deified ancestors during the Classic period.
Why is social hierarchy important in analyzing ancient african civilizations?5 answersSocial hierarchy is crucial in analyzing ancient African civilizations due to its role in structuring power relations, social organization, and urban development. The hierarchical organization within these societies, including leadership positions, administrative structures, and economic differentiation, provides insights into the distribution of power and societal functioning. Archaeological studies emphasize the significance of understanding hierarchies to uncover the complexities of African social systems, urging the use of advanced methodologies like aerial photography, satellite coverage, and systematic surveys to reveal the true extent of urbanism and settlement hierarchies. Additionally, the debate on network representation in historical social network analysis highlights the importance of hierarchies in accurately portraying social structures and facilitating a deeper understanding of historical social networks.
How did the use of stone tools and artifacts as markers of cognition evolve over time?5 answersThe evolution of cognition through the use of stone tools and artifacts progressed significantly over time. Initially, the emergence of complex structured representations in the Early Stone Age marked a pivotal point where neural correlates of language and toolmaking overlapped, showcasing the development of cognitive abilities. As hominins engaged in stone tool making and tool use, these activities became crucial sources of information about cognitive evolution, challenging the simplistic view of tools as mere products of the mind. The ability to scavenge and reuse stone artifacts in the Lower Paleolithic era further demonstrated cognitive advancement, suggesting that interpreting older tools played a key role in human evolutionary development. These findings collectively highlight the intricate relationship between stone tools, cognitive processes, and human evolution, emphasizing the dynamic interplay between material culture and cognitive capacities over time.
What is the trend of evolutionary study of ritual?5 answersThe evolutionary study of ritual has evolved to encompass various perspectives. Research indicates that rituals have played a crucial role in the evolution of social complexity, contributing to mechanisms such as high-fidelity copying, conformism bias, and coordination payoffs. During the transition to agriculture, the selection of hierarchical and standardized rituals facilitated social cohesion amidst challenges, leading to increased hierarchy and inequality within early agricultural communities. Additionally, evidence suggests that Neanderthals may have utilized ritual practices to enhance the transmission of technical knowledge across generations, showcasing a unique survival strategy compared to Homo sapiens. Rituals are viewed as psychologically prepared, culturally inherited behaviors that serve to identify group members, ensure commitment, facilitate cooperation, and maintain group cohesion, with social exclusion acting as a motivator for engagement in rituals.
How did the development of agriculture impact the cultural and social evolution of early human societies?5 answersThe development of agriculture had a significant impact on the cultural and social evolution of early human societies. The transition to agriculture led to the emergence of new, hierarchical and standardized ritual practices, which played a crucial role in generating social cohesion during the agricultural transition. Additionally, the adoption of agriculture improved food security and enabled the growth of larger and more complex human groups. However, the transition to agriculture also brought about social inequality and the institutionalization of power, leading to the emergence of chiefdoms and early states characterized by social inequality, slavery, and mass violence. Interestingly, regions that adopted agriculture early tended to develop autocratic societies with weaker institutions and poorly functioning economies, while later adopters had more egalitarian societies with stronger private property rights. This resulted in a gradual shift of dominance from early civilizations to regions in the periphery.
What are some of the main evidences for the theory of evolution?4 answersThe main evidences for the theory of evolution include paleontological studies from fossil records, comparative studies of living organisms, molecular biology, genetics, genomics, DNA sequences, protein expression, and metabolic pathways. These evidences provide insights into the relationship between anatomically modern humans, archaic humans, and their ape ancestors, as well as the evolution of higher organisms through alternative pathways. Additionally, the homologies of process within morphogenetic fields and the role of natural selection in filtering unsuccessful morphologies generated by development also contribute to the evidence for evolution. Overall, these various lines of evidence support the theory of evolution and provide a comprehensive understanding of the mechanisms and patterns of evolutionary change.

See what other people are reading

How did Neanderthals discover the process of creating fire?
5 answers
Neanderthals likely discovered the process of creating fire through systematic fire production using tools. This is supported by evidence of repeated percussion and abrasion on bifacial tools, resembling experimental patterns of pyrite use for fire-making. Additionally, research highlights the presence of fire in Neanderthal sites, with a focus on the intentional heat treatment of flint artifacts in later periods. The ability to make and use fire marked a significant behavioral threshold in human evolution, with studies emphasizing the importance of fire in Neanderthal technology and social behavior. The identification of heated faunal remains in key sites like Abric Romaní suggests habitual post-depositional burning, indicating regular fire use for domestic activities among Neanderthal communities.
What are the top challenges for African American archaeology in the past decade?
5 answers
In the past decade, African American archaeology has faced several challenges. One significant issue is the difficulty in identifying Afro-Latinos and African Americans in the archaeological record due to a lack of understanding of their history in the Western context. Additionally, the exclusionary definition of historical archaeology to the era of capitalism and colonialism has marginalized indigenous histories, creating a form of academic apartheid that separates the histories of people in Africa from those in the West. Preservation of African American cemeteries has also been a challenge, with threats such as over-eager real estate developers, uninformed property owners, vandalism, and grave robbing endangering these cultural treasures. Despite these obstacles, efforts have been made to shed light on the daily life and educational conditions of African Americans in the Jim Crow-era South through archaeological excavations and oral histories, allowing for a more comprehensive understanding of their experiences.
How was skinner criticized in regard to genetic and biological limitations?
5 answers
Skinner faced criticism regarding genetic and biological limitations in his behaviorist approach. Critics argued that Skinner initially neglected biological factors in behavior but later addressed them, albeit more frequently in his later works. Furthermore, Skinner's analogy between operant conditioning and natural selection lacked a solid biological basis for testing, as well as a mathematical model to predict variability in behavior, impacting the theory of selection by consequences. Despite Skinner's belief in the analogy between natural selection and operant conditioning to explain behavior at different levels, the absence of a robust biological foundation raised concerns about the validity and applicability of his explanatory mechanism.
What is experimental archaeology?
5 answers
Experimental archaeology involves replicating past objects, behaviors, and processes to test hypotheses, gather data systematically, and refine conclusions in archaeological research. It is a versatile tool connecting various entities like museums, universities, and societies, contributing significantly to understanding the archaeological past. This approach emphasizes methodological rigor, explicit definition of variables, and their interrelationships, offering replicability and systematic inquiry. Experimental archaeology goes beyond mere reconstructions or copies, focusing on testing and evaluating changes deliberately introduced into processes to understand the past better. By conducting controlled experiments with various artifacts and activities, researchers aim to define the articulation between method and theory, enhancing the understanding of ancient behaviors and technologies. Through a combination of interviews, surveys, and participant observations, perceptions about experimental archaeology's history, validity, and role in academic archaeology are explored.
How egyptian view on death?
5 answers
The ancient Egyptians held a profound view on death, unlike modern scientific times. Death was a central aspect of Egyptian life, permeating ethics, festivals, poetry, and religious beliefs. They meticulously cared for the dead, investing in mortuary monuments and mummification practices to ensure an afterlife. The Egyptians believed in the continuity of life after death, with the deceased embarking on a perilous journey through the underworld, guided by spells and rituals to avoid dangers. This reverence for death evolved over different periods, transitioning from the Old Kingdom to the Middle Kingdom, reflecting changes in beliefs and practices surrounding death. Overall, death in ancient Egypt was not just an end but a transformative passage to a new existence, intricately intertwined with their cultural and religious beliefs.
What tipe of interaction are in bronze age and some definition?
4 answers
In the Bronze Age, interactions were diverse and complex, encompassing various forms such as long-distance trade, diplomatic alliances, ritual exchanges, and the establishment of supra-regional political sodalities. These interactions were facilitated by the exchange of goods, including metals, and the creation of social networks through gift-giving and diplomatic relations. Elite households played a crucial role in consolidating power through involvement in trade, boat building, and raiding for resources like metals and slaves. The Bronze Age was characterized by interconnectedness across Afro-Eurasia, leading to the emergence of a vast network of interactions that linked local histories through encounters of various natures, shaping the cultural landscape of the time.
Why and how people age?
4 answers
People age due to a combination of biological, environmental, and genetic factors. Aging is a complex process involving various hallmarks such as genomic instability, telomere attrition, and mitochondrial dysfunction. The origins of human aging can be traced back to the evolution of senescence, where natural selection favors reproductive success over longevity, leading to physiological changes that increase vulnerability to diseases and environmental stressors. At a cellular level, aging is characterized by molecular changes that accumulate over time, affecting functions and increasing the risk of death. Research also suggests that aging may be influenced by genetic factors, with certain genes promoting or slowing down the aging process. Overall, aging is a multifaceted phenomenon influenced by a combination of intrinsic and extrinsic factors that impact an individual's physiological and psychological adaptability over time.
Does the circular layout create a sense of ‘equal closeness’ to God for devotees in religious rituals?
5 answers
The circular layout in religious rituals can indeed foster a sense of 'equal closeness' to God for devotees. In the context of the Circle of Place Spirituality (CoPS) model, the circular movement pattern depicts the behavior of believers starting and ending with their object of attachment, which can be associated with God. Additionally, the concept of cultural circularity in afrorreligious practices highlights how distinct cultures interact within peculiar territorialities, potentially influencing the sense of connection to the divine during rituals. Moreover, the practice of Sacred Circle Dances has been linked to modifications in body image, spiritual experiences, and the emergence of archetypal images, suggesting a deepening of the relationship with the divine through circular movements and rituals.
What is theoretical framework for investigating people willingness to join association?
4 answers
Theoretical frameworks for investigating people's willingness to join associations vary based on different perspectives. One such framework involves understanding the motivations and factors influencing professionals to join and maintain membership in professional associations, emphasizing networking, professional development programs, and addressing members' concerns. Another framework focuses on the relationship between personal civic engagement and the willingness to join voluntary associations, highlighting instrumental motivation as a key factor translating civic engagement into associational involvement. Additionally, a theoretical approach called "association theory" distinguishes social actions from associations, providing a classification of association phenomena and explaining their evolution, which could become a dominant framework for analyzing social evolution. These frameworks collectively contribute to understanding the complexities of individuals' decisions to join associations.
What are the most commonly used statistical methods for analyzing temporal changes in lithic size?
5 answers
Analyzing temporal changes in lithic size involves a variety of statistical methods, each tailored to address specific aspects of lithic analysis and the inherent challenges of archaeological data. The "quantitative genetics" approach, as discussed by Stephen J. Lycett and Noreen von Cramon-Taubadel, offers a comprehensive framework for modeling multiple sources of variation, including temporal changes, by simultaneously considering heritable and nonheritable factors. This approach is particularly useful in reconciling the effects of raw material and reduction factors on lithic size and shape. Geometric morphometric methods (GMMs), highlighted by Felix Riede and colleagues, have gained prominence for their ability to statistically quantify complex shapes, which can then be used to infer temporal changes among other factors. GMMs, especially when applied in a standardized manner, can provide insights into social interaction, function, and reduction processes over time, although challenges related to methodological diversity and landmark selection need to be addressed for consistent application. Empirical Bayesian methods, as described by Javier Fernández-López de Pablo and C. Michael Barton, offer a powerful tool for dating lithic assemblages and estimating the probability of occupation during different temporal periods. This approach allows for the integration of prior knowledge with statistical analysis, providing a nuanced understanding of temporal changes in lithic assemblages. Multivariate analyses, including quadratic and linear discriminant analyses, principal component analyses, and dissimilarity matrices, have been successfully used to identify discrete reduction trajectories and assess variability in lithic assemblages, as demonstrated by Eleanor M. L. Scerri and colleagues. These methods are sensitive to the inherent variability in lithic data and can effectively separate individual refitted sets based on attribute measurements, offering a quantified approach for comparative analyses. In summary, the most commonly used statistical methods for analyzing temporal changes in lithic size include quantitative genetics approaches, geometric morphometric methods, empirical Bayesian methods, and various multivariate analyses. Each method addresses different aspects of lithic analysis and, when applied judiciously, can provide significant insights into the temporal dynamics of lithic assemblages.
Why do people are interested in collecting artifacts?
5 answers
People are interested in collecting artifacts for various reasons, including building private collections, generating income through illegal trade, and engaging with archaeology. Amateur searches with metal detectors aim to amass artifacts, leading to the illegal trade in ancient objects. Some argue that collaborating with artifact hunters can provide valuable information for research, but this claim is often found to be false. The intricate network of interests surrounding archaeological objects, such as social, academic, economic, and historical aspects, drives the appropriation and re-signification of these objects in specific contexts. Illicit excavation and trafficking of archaeological goods across regions like the Balkans and Eastern Mediterranean involve various online platforms, revealing destructive extraction processes and the economics of the low-end market in cultural goods.