What is climate adaptation?5 answersClimate adaptation refers to the process of adjusting to the current or expected climate and its effects in order to reduce harm or take advantage of beneficial opportunities. It involves implementing measures and strategies to increase resilience and reduce vulnerability to climate change impacts. Adaptation can take various forms, including coping mechanisms, incremental adjustments, and transformative changes. It is important to consider the specific climate conditions and potential impacts when planning and implementing adaptation measures. Collaborative governance, stakeholder engagement, and decision analytics are crucial for successful transformative adaptation. Climate adaptation is a key component of addressing climate change and building robust strategies to mitigate risks and promote sustainable development.
What are the main methods for combating coastal erosion?5 answersCoastal erosion can be combated using various methods. One approach is the use of hard structures such as seawalls, revetments, groins, and breakwaters, which anchor the position of the shoreline or trap sand to protect against erosion. Another method is beach nourishment, which involves the accumulation of sand on the shore to counteract erosion. Additionally, natural systems and organisms, such as coral reefs, oyster reefs, mangroves, saltmarshes, seagrasses, and polychaete reefs, act as natural barriers against destructive waves and wind forces. These ecosystems have evolved unique strategies to withstand hydrodynamic loadings and can inspire the development of sustainable coastal barriers. Furthermore, a hybrid method combining submerged breakwaters with artificial coral reef installations has been proposed to mitigate erosion. This method reduces wave energy, controls sediment transportation, and improves the function of coastal structures.
How does the New Zealand Tourism Framework 2025 align with economic, socio-cultural, and environmental sustainability principles?4 answersThe New Zealand Tourism Framework 2025 aligns with economic, socio-cultural, and environmental sustainability principles. The framework integrates aspects of a regenerative tourism paradigm and cultural values from Te Ao Māori, recognizing the importance of healthy roots for tourism to contribute positively to multiple wellbeings and give back to place. Additionally, the framework aims to achieve intergenerational positive outcomes from tourism, emphasizing the importance of achieving sustainability in economic, socio-cultural, and environmental aspects. Furthermore, the framework acknowledges the need for a sustainable digital transformation in the tourism industry, considering sociocultural, environmental, and economic sustainability in tourist destinations. The framework also emphasizes the importance of comprehensive emissions quantification and reduction targets for tourism, aligning with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals and Paris Climate commitments. However, it is important to note that the inclusion of sustainability provisions in key instruments, such as the 2025 National Tourism Strategy, is limited, with a focus on commercial priorities rather than broader sustainability considerations.
What are the different management models used in New Zealand healthcare?5 answersThere are several different management models used in New Zealand healthcare. One model is the Māori holistic model of healthcare, which focuses on taking care of all elements of life to maintain sustainable welfare. Another model is the Traditional model of primary care, which enrolls a large portion of the population but has low representation of Māori, Pacific, and people living with material deprivation. Integrated ambulatory care models, such as transfer, relocation, and joint working, are also used internationally and in New Zealand to increase access and convenience for patients. Additionally, there is a need for a radical redesign of the primary care system in New Zealand to incorporate self-management support, personalized and integrated care, and shared health records. Understanding the contextual and behavioral factors necessary for implementing changes in primary healthcare systems is also important.
What are the benefits of a holistic approach to coastal governance?5 answersA holistic approach to coastal governance offers several benefits. Firstly, it allows for the management of coastal and marine ecosystems in a more integrated and coordinated manner, leading to more sustainable outcomes. Secondly, it helps address deep-rooted issues such as path dependency, institutional inertia, and policy layering, which are barriers to transformative marine governance. Thirdly, it enables the identification and substantiation of significant physical geographical factors that impact the sustainability of coastal resorts, leading to better planning and development of beaches, protection from erosion, and maintenance of beach infrastructure. Fourthly, it provides a framework and methodology to assess local coastal governance, which can help local governments in managing climate risks and coastal assets more effectively. Lastly, a holistic approach facilitates community-based decision-making and prioritization of actions for climate risk governance, leading to better adaptation and mitigation against climate adversities.
What strategies can support children in ECE new zealand?5 answersStrategies to support children in early childhood education (ECE) in New Zealand include parent-led activities that focus on teaching basic addition and subtraction, as well as writing and drawing practice. Information communication technology (ICT) can also be used to support leadership development in the ECE sector, particularly through blended action learning groups facilitated by a trusted inquisitor. Additionally, the Partnering with Parents practice support system provides practical strategies for educators to build positive partnerships with parents, improving everyday interactions and potentially child outcomes. The provision of high-quality ECE for 2-year-olds is crucial, and optimal child-teacher ratios, safety, supervision, space, and a balanced curriculum are identified as key challenges. Overall, these strategies aim to enhance children's academic abilities, leadership skills, parent-educator relationships, and the quality of ECE provision in New Zealand.