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What is the effect of gamma rays on matter? 

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Gamma rays have various effects on matter. They can penetrate matter easily due to their high energy, making them useful for gamma spectrometry without the need to eliminate the matrix . Gamma rays have been used to alter the protein allergen structure in foods, potentially minimizing allergic reactions . In the study of dark matter, the existence of new gauge U(1) symmetry implies the presence of a Coulomb-like interaction, leading to the enhancement of dark matter annihilation through gamma radiation . Irradiation of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) with gamma rays results in the release of free adenine and destruction of ribose, with the primary attack occurring at the 1'carbon atom .

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The provided paper does not discuss the effect of gamma rays on matter. It focuses on the constraints on dark forces of dark matter from observational data on gamma radiation in our Galaxy.
The provided paper is about the effect of gamma rays on solutions of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and ribose. It does not provide information about the effect of gamma rays on matter in general.
The provided paper does not discuss the effect of gamma rays on matter.
Open accessBook ChapterDOI
24 May 2017
1 Citations
The provided paper discusses the use of gamma rays to alter the protein allergen structure in food, but it does not specifically mention the general effect of gamma rays on matter.
The paper does not directly mention the effect of gamma rays on matter. The paper primarily focuses on gamma-ray spectrometry and its use in environmental and food investigations.

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Is gamma radiation good?5 answersGamma radiation has diverse applications and effects as highlighted in the provided contexts. It is beneficial for inducing mutagenesis in underutilized species for genetic improvement, increasing variability in soybean populations to identify new mutants with improved agronomic performance and seed composition, and controlling harmful microorganisms in food products for preservation and safety. Additionally, gamma radiation has been studied for its impact on fiber Bragg Gratings, showing potential for radiation dosimetry and temperature sensing applications. Moreover, in harsh environments like gamma radiation, image noise can be effectively predicted and managed using specific statistical analysis and algorithms, aiding in noise elimination for image acquisition systems. Overall, gamma radiation proves to be a valuable tool in various fields for enhancing genetic traits, ensuring food safety, and enabling precise measurements and image quality improvements.
Does exposure to gamma rays affect the photosynthetic traits of plants?4 answersExposure to gamma rays has been found to affect the photosynthetic traits of plants. Studies on green gram, black gram, rice, and Solanum betaceum Cav. (Tree tomato)have shown that gamma irradiation leads to a decrease in chlorophyll content. In green gram and black gram, the chlorophyll a and b levels were found to decrease with increasing doses of gamma radiation. Similarly, in rice, acute and chronic gamma irradiation resulted in a reduction in photosynthetic efficiency. The study on Solanum betaceum Cav. also reported a significant decrease in chlorophyll content after gamma irradiation. These findings suggest that exposure to gamma rays negatively impacts the photosynthetic traits of plants, specifically leading to a decrease in chlorophyll content.
What are the effects of radiation on blood?5 answersRadiation can have various effects on blood. Studies have shown that storage and irradiation of blood do not significantly alter coagulation measures, aggregation, or rotational thromboelastometry parameters. However, radiation can impact the metabolism of red blood cells, plasma, spleen, liver, and other organs, leading to changes in energy and redox metabolism. Additionally, acute irradiation at a dose of 1 Gy can cause a decrease in the number of platelets and lymphocytes, potentially affecting immune responses. Acute, total gamma-irradiation in a sublethal dose can result in changes in the biophysical properties of erythrocytes, depletion of the antioxidant system, and alterations in hemocoagulating properties. Overall, radiation can have significant effects on blood parameters, including coagulation, metabolism, and immune response, which can impact the overall health and function of the hematopoietic system.
What's the effect of Radiation on Cancer cell?5 answersRadiation therapy has been shown to have various effects on cancer cells. It can directly damage the genetic material of tumor cells, leading to cell death. Additionally, radiation can affect subcellular structures within cancer cells, such as the cytoplasmic membrane, endoplasmic reticulum, and mitochondria, which can regulate various biological activities of the cells. Furthermore, radiation has been found to alter the tumor cell phenotype, immunogenicity, and microenvironment, resulting in global changes in the behavior of cancer cells. Studies have also demonstrated that radiation can enhance the presentation of tumor-associated antigens on cancer cells, leading to an improved immune response against the cancer. However, it is important to note that the impact of radiation on cancer cells can vary depending on the specific cell lines and doses used. Overall, radiation therapy has the potential to significantly impact the biology and behavior of cancer cells.
What are the effects of radiation on stem cells?3 answersRadiation has various effects on stem cells. Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) can undergo significant death and apoptosis after irradiation, but they remain pluripotent and can form all three embryonic germ layers. Radiation-induced bystander effects (RIBE) can impair the long-term hematopoietic reconstitution of human hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and the colony-forming ability of hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs). Stem cells in different tissues respond differently to radiation. Senescence-associated cytokines and inflammation-associated cells have a greater effect on stem cells in salivary glands, while Paneth cells strongly affect stem cell-mediated tissue regeneration in intestinal glands. Neural stem cell populations in the brain are particularly vulnerable to radiation-induced damage, and protecting these compartments is crucial to prevent side effects. Gamma radiation can induce DNA damage and affect the expression of cytokines in adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ASCs), potentially influencing the outcome of radiotherapy.
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