scispace - formally typeset
Search or ask a question

What is the effect of gamma rays on matter? 


Best insight from top research papers

Gamma rays have various effects on matter. They can penetrate matter easily due to their high energy, making them useful for gamma spectrometry without the need to eliminate the matrix . Gamma rays have been used to alter the protein allergen structure in foods, potentially minimizing allergic reactions . In the study of dark matter, the existence of new gauge U(1) symmetry implies the presence of a Coulomb-like interaction, leading to the enhancement of dark matter annihilation through gamma radiation . Irradiation of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) with gamma rays results in the release of free adenine and destruction of ribose, with the primary attack occurring at the 1'carbon atom .

Answers from top 5 papers

More filters
Papers (5)Insight
The provided paper does not discuss the effect of gamma rays on matter. It focuses on the constraints on dark forces of dark matter from observational data on gamma radiation in our Galaxy.
The provided paper is about the effect of gamma rays on solutions of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and ribose. It does not provide information about the effect of gamma rays on matter in general.
The provided paper does not discuss the effect of gamma rays on matter.
Open accessBook ChapterDOI
24 May 2017
1 Citations
The provided paper discusses the use of gamma rays to alter the protein allergen structure in food, but it does not specifically mention the general effect of gamma rays on matter.
The paper does not directly mention the effect of gamma rays on matter. The paper primarily focuses on gamma-ray spectrometry and its use in environmental and food investigations.

Related Questions

Is gamma radiation good?5 answersGamma radiation has diverse applications and effects as highlighted in the provided contexts. It is beneficial for inducing mutagenesis in underutilized species for genetic improvement, increasing variability in soybean populations to identify new mutants with improved agronomic performance and seed composition, and controlling harmful microorganisms in food products for preservation and safety. Additionally, gamma radiation has been studied for its impact on fiber Bragg Gratings, showing potential for radiation dosimetry and temperature sensing applications. Moreover, in harsh environments like gamma radiation, image noise can be effectively predicted and managed using specific statistical analysis and algorithms, aiding in noise elimination for image acquisition systems. Overall, gamma radiation proves to be a valuable tool in various fields for enhancing genetic traits, ensuring food safety, and enabling precise measurements and image quality improvements.
Does exposure to gamma rays affect the photosynthetic traits of plants?4 answersExposure to gamma rays has been found to affect the photosynthetic traits of plants. Studies on green gram, black gram, rice, and Solanum betaceum Cav. (Tree tomato)have shown that gamma irradiation leads to a decrease in chlorophyll content. In green gram and black gram, the chlorophyll a and b levels were found to decrease with increasing doses of gamma radiation. Similarly, in rice, acute and chronic gamma irradiation resulted in a reduction in photosynthetic efficiency. The study on Solanum betaceum Cav. also reported a significant decrease in chlorophyll content after gamma irradiation. These findings suggest that exposure to gamma rays negatively impacts the photosynthetic traits of plants, specifically leading to a decrease in chlorophyll content.
What are the effects of radiation on blood?5 answersRadiation can have various effects on blood. Studies have shown that storage and irradiation of blood do not significantly alter coagulation measures, aggregation, or rotational thromboelastometry parameters. However, radiation can impact the metabolism of red blood cells, plasma, spleen, liver, and other organs, leading to changes in energy and redox metabolism. Additionally, acute irradiation at a dose of 1 Gy can cause a decrease in the number of platelets and lymphocytes, potentially affecting immune responses. Acute, total gamma-irradiation in a sublethal dose can result in changes in the biophysical properties of erythrocytes, depletion of the antioxidant system, and alterations in hemocoagulating properties. Overall, radiation can have significant effects on blood parameters, including coagulation, metabolism, and immune response, which can impact the overall health and function of the hematopoietic system.
What's the effect of Radiation on Cancer cell?5 answersRadiation therapy has been shown to have various effects on cancer cells. It can directly damage the genetic material of tumor cells, leading to cell death. Additionally, radiation can affect subcellular structures within cancer cells, such as the cytoplasmic membrane, endoplasmic reticulum, and mitochondria, which can regulate various biological activities of the cells. Furthermore, radiation has been found to alter the tumor cell phenotype, immunogenicity, and microenvironment, resulting in global changes in the behavior of cancer cells. Studies have also demonstrated that radiation can enhance the presentation of tumor-associated antigens on cancer cells, leading to an improved immune response against the cancer. However, it is important to note that the impact of radiation on cancer cells can vary depending on the specific cell lines and doses used. Overall, radiation therapy has the potential to significantly impact the biology and behavior of cancer cells.
What are the effects of radiation on stem cells?3 answersRadiation has various effects on stem cells. Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) can undergo significant death and apoptosis after irradiation, but they remain pluripotent and can form all three embryonic germ layers. Radiation-induced bystander effects (RIBE) can impair the long-term hematopoietic reconstitution of human hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and the colony-forming ability of hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs). Stem cells in different tissues respond differently to radiation. Senescence-associated cytokines and inflammation-associated cells have a greater effect on stem cells in salivary glands, while Paneth cells strongly affect stem cell-mediated tissue regeneration in intestinal glands. Neural stem cell populations in the brain are particularly vulnerable to radiation-induced damage, and protecting these compartments is crucial to prevent side effects. Gamma radiation can induce DNA damage and affect the expression of cytokines in adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ASCs), potentially influencing the outcome of radiotherapy.
What can dark matter do to people?7 answers

See what other people are reading

What has inflationary cosmology brought to the big bang theory?
5 answers
Inflationary cosmology has significantly impacted the Big Bang theory by offering solutions to key issues. It addresses problems related to the standard model's explanatory power rather than its empirical adequacy. Inflationary models provide explanations for the origin of density perturbations crucial for galaxy formation. They predict a scale-invariant power spectrum of density perturbations, as observed in the cosmic microwave background radiation, which challenges traditional cosmological models. Additionally, inflationary expansion can test quantum theory predictions at early times, potentially revealing nonstandard field fluctuations and generating anomalous power spectra for the cosmic microwave background. Inflationary cosmology's ability to offer new insights and solutions while connecting cosmology with particle physics makes it a promising research avenue for understanding the early universe.
What is the current understanding of dark matter and dark energy within the framework of modern physics?
4 answers
In modern physics, dark matter and dark energy are pivotal concepts. Dark matter, proposed to explain gravitational effects, is suggested to be ordinary matter's gravitational influence rather than a separate entity. On the other hand, dark energy, responsible for the universe's accelerated expansion, is attributed to a repulsive energy field. The Clapeyron-Mendeleev equation describes dark matter/energy states due to immense self-gravitation, with dark matter existing as compact cold neutrino stars and dark energy as matter at temperatures below absolute zero locked in black holes. These components, constituting a significant portion of the universe's mass and energy, play crucial roles in galaxy formation, cosmic expansion, and the ultimate fate of the cosmos.
What are the concrete informations about condensed neutrinos and pruven with experiment?
5 answers
Condensed neutrinos, proposed as a potential source of dark matter, have been studied for their signatures. Research suggests that weak lensing and Sunyaev-Zel'dovich data hint at a possible weak signature of condensed neutrino objects (CNOs) as a primary dark matter candidate. Additionally, some extensions of the standard model propose the existence of stable globules of degenerate fermionic matter made from superheavy neutrinos, potentially serving as dark matter components. Furthermore, experiments aiming to detect the cosmic neutrino background face challenges due to current technology limitations, including insufficient statistics from ion systems even with high beam energies, necessitating advancements in beam stability and control for future realization.
Sterile neutrinos are the same with dark neutrinos or condensed neutrinos?
4 answers
Sterile neutrinos, also known as dark neutrinos, are distinct from condensed neutrinos. Sterile neutrinos, which do not interact via the Standard Model forces, can serve as dark matter candidates, potentially forming a thermal bath with other particles in the dark sector. On the other hand, condensed neutrinos refer to scenarios where active neutrinos couple to an oscillating condensate of a light gauge field, leading to resonant oscillations between active and sterile neutrinos in the early universe. While sterile neutrinos can constitute dark matter and exhibit unique oscillation patterns, condensed neutrinos involve interactions with specific gauge fields, offering a different mechanism for neutrino behavior and dark matter considerations.
What is extraterrestrial life?
5 answers
Extraterrestrial life refers to the potential existence of life beyond Earth, a concept that has intrigued scientists, philosophers, and theologians for centuries. The search for extraterrestrial life challenges traditional cosmological models like the Cold Dark Matter Hierarchical Clustering model, suggesting that life elsewhere contradicts these theories. While historically, the idea of extraterrestrial beings was often used in literature and astronomical speculations, recent scientific developments are shifting the paradigm towards viewing life as a cosmic phenomenon rather than Earth-centered. The question of whether evolution follows similar courses on different inhabited planets is central to understanding the biology of extraterrestrial life, emphasizing the need to consider life beyond Earth without placing our planet at the center of the discussion.
Is Dark neutrinos are the cause of white dwarfs which explode and Neutron stars turn into black holes?
4 answers
Dark matter interacting with neutron stars can lead to scenarios where the stars implode, potentially forming black holes. Neutron stars capturing particulate dark matter can collapse due to the accumulation of critical amounts of dark matter, resulting in the formation of low-mass black holes. Additionally, the capture of dark matter by neutron stars can generate fainter neutrino luminosities and colder spectra compared to regular core-collapse supernovae, potentially leading to detectable gravitational wave signals at ultra-high frequencies. However, the explosion of white dwarfs, such as in the accretion-induced collapse (AIC) scenario, is primarily driven by electron capture leading to nuclear densities and subsequent neutrino-driven winds, showcasing a different mechanism for explosion in these systems.
There is evidnece about the existance of dark neutrinos?
5 answers
Evidence suggests the existence of dark neutrinos, which are part of a hidden sector communicating with the standard model through various portals, including neutrino mixing. These dark neutrinos play a role in removing redundant dark matter and dark energy particles, such as spin-less tau leptonic matter-antimatter pairs and spin-less neutrinos of different masses. Cosmological studies, like those analyzing dark radiation, provide insights into the properties of neutrinos and their potential impact on the Universe's evolution. The presence of dark neutrinos could explain experimental anomalies and contribute to models accommodating dark matter candidates closely linked to the neutrino sector. Overall, the investigation of dark neutrinos sheds light on hidden sectors of physics and their implications for cosmology and particle physics.
What are the interetalinum fruticosumting theories about dark matter and dark energy?
4 answers
Various theories about dark matter and dark energy have been proposed based on observational data and theoretical models. Dark matter, constituting about 25% of the universe, is a non-baryonic substance necessary to prevent galaxies from dispersing due to its gravitational effects. On the other hand, dark energy, comprising around 70% of the universe, is believed to be responsible for the accelerated expansion of the universe. Some theories suggest that dark energy could be related to the cosmological constant, while others propose modified matter models like quintessence and k-essence as alternatives to explain dark energy. Additionally, there are theories that aim to unify dark matter and dark energy concepts, such as diffusive interacting Unified Dark Energy and Dark Matter scenarios, which provide a broader perspective on the nature of these mysterious components.
What is the current understanding of dark matter's role in the formation and evolution of galaxies?
5 answers
The current understanding of dark matter's role in galaxy formation and evolution is significant. Dark matter exerts a dominant influence on galaxy formation by attracting normal matter to form dark matter halos. Despite ongoing debates, the presence of dark matter in and around galaxies is well-established, impacting intragalactic processes. Recent advancements in galaxy simulations have improved the realism of galaxies by considering the effects of baryons on dark matter halos, aligning theoretical expectations with observations within a Cold Dark Matter model. Studies suggest that the growth of host dark matter halos influences the evolutionary histories of nearby galaxies, affecting their star formation rates and main sequence evolution over cosmic time. Dark matter's role in modulating star formation and shaping galaxy properties underscores its crucial involvement in the formation and evolution of galaxies.
What is the identity and composition of dark matter?
5 answers
Dark matter, a mysterious component constituting most of the universe's mass, is postulated to be diverse in nature. It could potentially be composed of stable baryons from a new confining gauge interaction, possibly involving dark quarks heavier than the confinement scale. Alternatively, dark matter may consist of a multicomponent system with spin-1 and spin-0 states arising from a hidden sector governed by SU(3) hidden gauge symmetry, leading to various detection prospects. Additionally, dark matter could manifest as ultra-low mass bosons resulting from the spontaneous symmetry breaking of a neutral scalar field coupled to gravity, potentially forming a Bose-Einstein condensate within galactic halos. The exact identity and composition of dark matter remain elusive, prompting ongoing research and exploration in the field of astrophysics and particle physics.
What is Informativity by beaugrande and dresler?
5 answers
Informativity, as described in the abstracts, is a framework for direct data-driven analysis and control. It aims to achieve certified analysis and control by assessing system properties and determining controllers for sets of systems that are consistent with the data. The framework has been applied to various problems involving noiseless and noisy data, such as controllability, stabilizability, linear quadratic regulation, and tracking and regulation. It has also been used for dissipativity analysis, stabilization, H_inf control, and dynamic measurement feedback stabilization. The main tools underlying the framework include quadratic matrix inequalities in robust control and quadratic difference forms in behavioral systems theory.