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What is the relationship between working memory and hearing loss? 

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Working memory is affected by hearing loss, specifically age-related hearing loss (ARHL) and noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). Several studies have shown a correlation between ARHL and the decline of cognitive function, including working memory . In individuals with NIHL, lower working memory span has been observed compared to those without NIHL . Children with hearing loss (CHL) may also experience deficits in working memory, which can be improved with consistent hearing aid use . Additionally, patients with unilateral hearing loss (UHL) who receive hearing aids or bone-anchored hearing implants (BAHI) show improved working memory capacity, especially in noisy conditions . These findings suggest that hearing loss, whether age-related or noise-induced, can have a negative impact on working memory, but the use of hearing devices can help improve working memory function in individuals with hearing loss.

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The paper states that patients with unilateral hearing loss (UHL) can have reduced working memory (WM) function. However, the study found that the use of hearing aids (HA) or bone-anchored hearing implants (BAHI) can improve WM capacity, especially in noisy conditions. Therefore, there is a relationship between hearing loss and working memory, with hearing devices potentially improving WM abilities.
The paper found that individuals with noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) had a lower working memory span compared to those without NIHL.

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