What is the role of the Security Council in the United Nations?5 answersThe role of the Security Council in the United Nations is to maintain international peace and security by determining threats to peace, breaches of peace, and acts of aggression. It has the power to make recommendations and decide on measures to be taken to restore or maintain peace. The Security Council has the authority to establish temporary courts to prosecute those accused of committing international crimes. It also has the ability to enforce its decisions and pass resolutions of general application. However, the Security Council's effectiveness has been undermined by divisions among its permanent members and their increasing strategic competition. Despite these challenges, elected members of the Security Council have played a crucial role in pushing for change and influencing the Council's decisions.
Are international organisations essential for international security?5 answersInternational organisations play a crucial role in international security. They facilitate cooperation and coordination among different actors, including non-governmental organisations, governments, and civil society institutions, to address security challenges effectively. These organisations expand the areas of competence for non-governmental international organisations and increase their activity in various areas, such as peacekeeping, conflict resolution, and post-conflict peacebuilding. They also provide platforms for nations and individuals to come together and find solutions to common challenges. International organisations like the United Nations, NATO, and the European Union have been actively involved in maintaining peace and security, combating terrorism, and promoting fair trade. By promoting cooperation, providing assistance, and addressing global issues, international organisations contribute significantly to international security efforts.
How has the UN's role in world politics changed over time?3 answersThe role of the United Nations (UN) in world politics has evolved over time. Initially, the UN focused on maintaining international peace and security, but it has expanded its functions to include governance-related activities and humanitarian interventions. The organization has made significant contributions in areas such as multilateral treaties, human rights, and conflict prevention. However, there have been criticisms regarding the UN's effectiveness in fulfilling its obligations, particularly in areas like disarmament and world peace. The UN's guiding philosophy has shifted from promoting democracy to preventing conflict, reflecting its own assessments of global needs. Additionally, there has been a trend towards relying on regional organizations like the African Union, European Union, and NATO for robust peace operations, rather than expanding the UN's role. Overall, the UN's role in world politics has undergone changes, with both achievements and challenges in fulfilling its objectives.
What is the United Nations?5 answersThe United Nations is an association of states or intergovernmental organizations that aims to maintain international peace and security and cooperate in solving global problems. It was named by US President Franklin D. Roosevelt and was first used in the Declaration by United Nations in 1942 during World War II. The United Nations consists of nations that have pledged to work together to achieve international peace, security, and the resolution of political, economic, social, cultural, and humanitarian issues.
What are the three global functions of the United Nations regarding climate change?5 answersThe United Nations has three global functions regarding climate change. Firstly, it aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, potentially through an international emissions trading system like the one outlined in the Kyoto Protocol. Secondly, it seeks to develop new low-emissions technology by providing incentives for cooperation on technology research and implementation. Lastly, it aims to provide adaptation assistance to countries and populations that are least able to cope with expected changes in climate. These functions are part of the UN's efforts to address climate change, which is considered a defining challenge of our times.
What was the role of the UN in ONUSA?2 answersThe role of the UN in ONUSA was significant. The UN has played an irreplaceable role in international relations since its foundation, including restrictions on the use of force, peacekeeping, and monitoring operations. The UN has also been involved in nation-building missions, with studies showing that UN-led operations tend to be more successful than those led by the United States. The UN provides a suitable institutional framework for nation-building missions that require fewer than 20,000 men, with a comparatively low cost structure, high success rate, and international legitimacy. Additionally, the UN has the ability to influence states in terms of norms and practices, promoting the formalization and institutionalization of new norms. However, there have been cases where UN missions have not been successful, such as the Democratic Republic of Congo, raising questions about the organization's work.