What is the touchstone text on structural racism?
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The touchstone text on structural racism is "Rethinking Racism: Toward a Structural Interpretation" by Bonilla-Silva .
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|The provided paper does not mention a specific touchstone text on structural racism. The paper discusses various aspects of structural racism, including the economics of racial identity, racial inequality in education, generational trends in income and wealth, and the impact of mass incarceration on economic inequality.|
01 Mar 2017-Contemporary Sociology
|The provided paper does not mention the touchstone text on structural racism. The paper discusses various topics related to sociological studies and the legacy of David Riesman.|
16 May 2017-Multicultural Perspectives
|The touchstone text on structural racism is "Heart of Darkness" by Joseph Conrad.|
|The provided paper does not mention a specific touchstone text on structural racism. The paper discusses how preexisting systemic racism in the United States has contributed to racial disparities in the COVID-19 pandemic.|
What is the touchstone text on structural racism and african american?5 answersThe touchstone text on structural racism and African American is the theory of Post Traumatic Slavery Syndrome (PTSS) by Dr. Joy DeGruy. This theory explains how the multigenerational oppression of African Americans and their descendants, resulting from centuries of chattel slavery, has perpetuated trauma in the community. It highlights the long-standing trauma that African Americans have experienced and continues to impact their health, economic status, and social segregation. The concept of structural racism is also discussed in other papers, emphasizing its role in perpetuating racial inequities in health, education, housing, and criminal justice systems. These papers call for bold policy changes to dismantle the systems of oppression and achieve health equity for African Americans. Additionally, the disproportionate impact of asthma on African Americans is highlighted, with allergic asthma being identified as a significant health disparity.
What are the main criticisms of structuralism?5 answersThe main criticisms of structuralism include its focus on binary oppositions and its phallocentrism, which feminists argue perpetuates gender inequalities and fails to consider the role of culture in shaping gender identities. Additionally, structuralism has been criticized for its lack of ethical considerations and its prioritization of unconscious structures over human subjectivity. Another criticism is that structuralism does not adequately account for the role of entities in theory change, instead emphasizing the preservation of mathematical structure. Furthermore, structuralist phylogenetics in systematics has been criticized for its inconsistency in dealing with both synchronic and diachronic aspects of evolution, its reliance on hidden causes and unobservable entities, and its failure to reflect macroevolutionary changes in classifications.
What are the characteristics of structuralism?5 answersStructuralism is a literary critical theory that aims to explore the structural networks within a literary work and relate them to the larger system or state of existence from which the work emerges. It treats a literary text as a language and seeks to uncover the system embedded within it. In the context of physics, ontic structuralism provides a conceptual and metaphysical framework to understand fundamental physical theories, such as quantum theory and general relativity, by focusing on structural features like permutation invariance and background independence. In philosophy of science, structuralism is motivated by the idea that what is preserved in theory change is the structure postulated in mathematical equations, rather than the entities postulated by the theories. Structural realism, a variant of structuralism, argues that our epistemic and ontic commitments should be reduced to the structural features of successful scientific theories.
How can structuralism methodology be used in research?5 answersStructuralism methodology can be used in research by providing an approach to understanding and analyzing various fields of study. It offers a framework for theoretical investigations and provides a general framework for theoretical psychology. In the field of town planning research, structuralism can be used as an approach method by utilizing typomorphology, which is based on architectural and urban research. In social work, post-structuralism can be applied to problematize the construct of resilience and advocate for marginalized groups through critical practices and methodologies. In educational contexts, social network analysis can be used to understand inequalities, with perspectives such as social capital, structuralism, and network forms of organization providing conceptual strengths and weaknesses. In empirical research in the social sciences and education, post-structuralist approaches and analytical references can be utilized to understand curriculum policies and the discursive nature of power and meaning.
What’s the definition of structural empowerment?5 answersStructural empowerment refers to the access that individuals have to opportunities, resources, information, and support within their work environment. It is a concept that has been studied in various contexts, including healthcare settingsand social work. In these studies, structural empowerment has been found to have a direct effect on job satisfactionand an indirect effect on psychological well-being. It has also been shown to enhance individual and team resilience. The factors that contribute to structural empowerment include access to training and self-growth, as well as access to information, resources, and support in the workplace. Overall, structural empowerment is an important aspect of creating a supportive and empowering work environment that can lead to positive outcomes for individuals and organizations.
What is structuralism?5 answersStructuralism is a philosophical position that focuses on the structure rather than the entities postulated by theories. It is motivated by the observation that what is preserved in theory change is the structure represented in the theories' mathematical equations. This preservation of structure allows for continuity and accumulation in scientific knowledge. Structuralism is also supported by the interpretation of certain aspects of fundamental physical theories, such as quantum mechanical entanglement and the identity of identical particles. However, there are debates within structuralism regarding the nature of structure, the difference between physical and mathematical structure, and the role of causation. The role of causation and causal explanations in relation to structuralism is the focus of the papers in this special issue.
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How does ethnic and religious tolerance influence voting behavior in Nigeria?
5 answersEthnic and religious tolerance in Nigeria have a significant influence on voting behavior. The use of identity politics based on ethnicity and religion has shaped voters' preferences and played a role in determining voting patterns. The emergence of identity politics has had far-reaching consequences on political discourse and election outcomes, leading to the exclusion of certain groups and the formation of polarized communities. The influence of religion on voter choice homogeneity has strengthened over time, with religion having a significant impact on voting behavior in the Nigerian presidential elections. The history of Nigerian elections reflects the aggressive influence of religion, which has contributed to violence, corruption, intimidation, and deceit. To promote inclusivity and diversity in the electoral process, it is essential for political parties and candidates to focus on critical issues such as economic development and security, rather than relying on ethnic and religious identities to mobilize voters.What are some of the different strategies that the Soviet Union used to manage ethnic diversity?
5 answersThe Soviet Union employed various strategies to manage ethnic diversity. One approach was the institutionalization of ethnic policy through the creation of state institutions such as the Goskomnats of the USSR and the Goskomnats of the RSFSR. These institutions played a role in implementing and regulating ethnic policies within the USSR and RSFSR. Another strategy involved the transformation of ethnic identity through state intervention, as seen in the example of the Central Asian Dungans. The Soviet state aimed to create new ethnic groups and manipulate the meaning of ethnic identity. Additionally, the Soviet Union grappled with the challenges of multiethnic urban milieus and the deterritorialization of ethnicity. The state's approach to federalism, elites, economy, language, and nationalism also influenced its management of ethnic diversity.What race where ancient egpytians?
5 answersAncient Egyptians were a diverse group of people, and their race cannot be easily categorized. The study of race in antiquity is complex, and ancient racial identities were shaped by various factors such as religion, politics, and forms of knowledge. The Greco-Roman world, where ancient Egypt was located, had a more fluid understanding of sexual orientation and gender identity than commonly believed. The construction of race by White Europeans posited biological differences to serve conquest and domination, but recent scientific scholarship shows that there is minimal genetic variability attributable to race. Ancient Egypt had interactions with various prehistoric races, and the dissemination of objects like cowrie shells could have occurred without Phoenician intervention. The specific racial identity of ancient Egyptians is not explicitly addressed in the provided abstracts.How do gender stereotypes affect the decision to have an early pregnancy?
5 answersGender stereotypes can have an impact on the decision to have an early pregnancy. Research has shown that gender stereotypes can lead to gender inequality and discrimination, which can affect women's choices and opportunities in various aspects of life. Stereotypes are deeply ingrained in society and can influence how individuals perceive themselves and their abilities. In the case of gender stereotypes, women may internalize societal expectations and perceive themselves as less capable of making decisions, including the decision to have an early pregnancy. Additionally, gender stereotypes can shape educational experiences and career choices, which may indirectly influence the decision to have an early pregnancy. It is important to challenge and eradicate gender stereotypes in order to promote gender equality and empower individuals to make informed decisions about their reproductive health.What are the effects of gender stereotypes on early pregnancy?
5 answersGender stereotypes have various effects on children's development and behavior. Research has shown that gender stereotypes in picture books can limit children's potential growth and development, while non-sexist books can produce positive changes in self-concept, attitudes, and behavior. Preschool education programs that promote gender equality through educational materials and activities have been found to reduce gender stereotypes in children. However, there is no specific information available on the effects of gender stereotypes on early pregnancy in the provided abstracts.How does make-up usage relate to positive body image satisfaction?
3 answersMake-up usage is related to positive body image satisfaction. Women who use beauty makeup applications when taking and posting selfies report a better mood and higher body satisfaction compared to those who do not use makeup. Appearance orientation, social self-esteem, and general self-esteem positively predict the frequency and amount of money spent on makeup, indicating that the significance given to appearance and social interactions are associated with makeup usage. Older women use makeup as a source of comfort, personal enjoyment, and self-expression, feeling more confident when wearing makeup. Make-up is used differentially according to stable psychological profiles to manipulate specific facial features involved in attractiveness, suggesting that make-up plays a role in enhancing self-perceived attractiveness. Makeup usage is positively predicted by age, intrasexual competition, and mate value, indicating that makeup serves as a tactic for both intersexual attraction and intrasexual competition.What are the possible psychological drawbacks of digital participation?
5 answersDigital participation can have psychological drawbacks. Studies have found that more frequent users of digital media tend to have lower psychological well-being compared to less frequent users. Additionally, the use of persuasive digital technologies can lead to attentional harms, such as sustained attentional loss and decreased ability to focus on one's own goals. This can contribute to digital inequalities, as certain internet users may be more susceptible to these harms than others. Furthermore, the imposition of normative uses of technology in teaching and learning can be problematic, and it is important to consider the student voice in shaping innovation. Finally, socially excluded and marginalized individuals are particularly vulnerable to digital non-participation and under-participation, which can compound existing disadvantages.What is the role of technology in the process of globalization?
5 answersTechnology plays a crucial role in the process of globalization. Advancements in technology have led to the intensification of globalization, shaping the world's history, trade, social interactions, and cultural exchanges. Information and communication technology (ICT) in particular has been a leading factor in the emergence and progress of globalization. ICT, including the internet, has provided a low-cost, reliable, and fast network, making information available anywhere and in real time. This has facilitated the connection of the world economy, leading to the emergence of a global economy and advancements in e-commerce and international trade. Moreover, technology has had an impact on the social, cultural, environmental, and economic aspects of globalization. It has enabled the conduct of studies to protect the environment and has given rise to global popular culture and new types of societies. Overall, technology has been instrumental in driving and shaping the process of globalization.How do attitudes toward poverty change over time?
5 answersAttitudes toward poverty can change over time. The use of a poverty simulation has been shown to influence attitudes, with participants viewing poverty with less stigma and more likely to see it as a function of structural factors. Media coverage of poverty and inequality has also played a role in shaping public attitudes, as changes in views and perceptions may be influenced by levels and types of media consumption. Attitudes toward poverty can be associated with a range of behaviors and values, including doubt in divine providence, jealousy, and lack of gratitude. The conceptualization and measurement of poverty have evolved over time, with a shift towards considering non-income dimensions of well-being and multi-dimensional poverty measures. Experiential learning activities, such as poverty simulations, can positively impact attitudes towards poverty, but the long-term effects may be temporary and ongoing education is needed.How economic inequality shapes social class stereotyping?
3 answersEconomic inequality shapes social class stereotyping by influencing perceptions of competence, assertiveness, friendliness, morality, and unassertiveness of different social classes. Higher levels of inequality lead to both social classes being perceived as more incompetent, immoral, and unfriendly, with the poor being seen as more unassertive. In societies with lower social mobility, democracy, and higher corruption, higher inequality is associated with perceiving the wealthy as less competent and assertive and the poor as more competent and assertive. Exposure to inequality amplifies the stereotype that higher income individuals are more competent, while having no consistent effect on stereotypes regarding warmth. These social class stereotypes, which are ambivalent in nature, support and reinforce inequality through various routes, including early acquisition in children, institutionalization in education, and prevalence in unequal societies.Why is Indonesian students' cultural understanding low?
5 answersIndonesian students' cultural understanding is low due to several factors. Firstly, foreign students studying in Indonesia face issues related to cultural differences, which hinder their understanding of the Indonesian language. Secondly, the profile of students' cultural understanding in Yogyakarta State University (UNY) varies among different faculties, indicating that the background of the student affects their understanding of multiculturalism. Additionally, the lack of awareness about cultural differences in the global workplace among Indonesian students suggests a need for further education and exposure to intercultural communication. Furthermore, the role of teachers in instilling multicultural education from an early age is crucial in promoting respect and understanding of cultural differences among students. These factors contribute to the low cultural understanding among Indonesian students.