What are the factors that contribute to structural discrimination against newly arrived immigrants?5 answersStructural discrimination against newly arrived immigrants can be influenced by various factors. One important factor is the perception of threat posed by immigrants, particularly young men, which can lead to lower levels of trust. The experience of discrimination can also be influenced by the host country context, with negative public debate and stereotypes contributing to a more negative experience for migrants. Additionally, educational attainment and access to social services can play a role, as disadvantaged immigrants who lack a high school degree and settle in suburbs with limited infrastructure may face greater challenges in improving their economic standing. Furthermore, cultural differences and estimation errors in dietary assessments can contribute to misunderstandings and potential discrimination in healthcare settings. Finally, political and economic crises, such as the one in Venezuela, can exacerbate discrimination against migrants, particularly due to the lack of resources and corrupt governance.
What is the touchstone text on structural racism?4 answersThe touchstone text on structural racism is "Rethinking Racism: Toward a Structural Interpretation" by Bonilla-Silva.
How can structuralism methodology be used in research?5 answersStructuralism methodology can be used in research by providing an approach to understanding and analyzing various fields of study. It offers a framework for theoretical investigations and provides a general framework for theoretical psychology. In the field of town planning research, structuralism can be used as an approach method by utilizing typomorphology, which is based on architectural and urban research. In social work, post-structuralism can be applied to problematize the construct of resilience and advocate for marginalized groups through critical practices and methodologies. In educational contexts, social network analysis can be used to understand inequalities, with perspectives such as social capital, structuralism, and network forms of organization providing conceptual strengths and weaknesses. In empirical research in the social sciences and education, post-structuralist approaches and analytical references can be utilized to understand curriculum policies and the discursive nature of power and meaning.
What is structural linguistics and behavioral psychology?5 answersStructural linguistics is the study of discrete systems of correspondences between forms and meanings in language. It focuses on analyzing the patterns and structures of languages, such as languages, varieties, and dialects. Structuralists differ in their views on the ontological status of these systems and the entities within them. Behavioral psychology, on the other hand, is a branch of psychology that emphasizes the role of behavior in understanding human psychology. It combines principles from behavioral theory in psychology and structuralist theory in linguistics to study language learning and verbal behavior. According to the behavioralist-structuralist view, the teacher and the environment play a major role in the success of learning a second language.
What is the definition of structural stress?3 answersStructural stress is a measure of the stress state that pertains to the fatigue behavior of welded joints. It consists of both membrane and bending components and can be calculated using numerical procedures for solid models and shell or plate element models. The definition of structural stress is consistent with elementary structural mechanics theory and is insensitive to the mesh size used in the analysis. This means that it can be calculated consistently regardless of the type of finite element model used. The structural stress parameter can be used to reduce weld S-N curves into a single master curve, with the slope of the curve determined by the relative composition of the membrane and bending components. It also allows for the transferability of weld S-N test data for different joint types and loading modes.
How has Saussure's structuralism been used in different fields, such as linguistics, psychology, and anthropology?5 answersSaussure's structuralism has been influential in various fields such as linguistics, psychology, and anthropology. In linguistics, Saussure emphasized the study of language structure, including the binary character of phonemes and the distinction between langue and parole. In psychology, structuralism was applied by scholars like Lacan to analyze human behavior and the underlying structures of thought. In anthropology, structuralism was used by Levi-Strauss to categorize actions and understand the common practices and customs of different cultures. Saussure's ideas of structure, language signs, and the synchronic and diachronic study of language have been foundational in these fields, providing a framework for analyzing and understanding the underlying patterns and systems that shape human communication and behavior.