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AC motor

About: AC motor is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 17815 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 237899 citation(s).
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The neutral-point-clamped PWM inverter adopting the new PWM technique shows an excellent drive system efficiency, including motor efficiency, and is appropriate for a wide-range variable-speed drive system.
Abstract: A new neutral-point-clamped pulsewidth modulation (PWM) inverter composed of main switching devices which operate as switches for PWM and auxiliary switching devices to clamp the output terminal potential to the neutral point potential has been developed. This inverter output contains less harmonic content as compared with that of a conventional type. Two inverters are compared analytically and experimentally. In addition, a new PWM technique suitable for an ac drive system is applied to this inverter. The neutral-point-clamped PWM inverter adopting the new PWM technique shows an excellent drive system efficiency, including motor efficiency, and is appropriate for a wide-range variable-speed drive system.

4,089 citations

09 Mar 1990-
Abstract: 1. Elementary Principles of Mechanics.- 1.1 Newtons Law.- 1.2 Moment of Inertia.- 1.3 Effect of Gearing.- 1.4 Power and Energy.- 1.5 Experimental Determination of Inertia.- 2. Dynamics of a Mechanical Drive.- 2.1 Equations Describing the Motion of a Drive with Lumped Inertia.- 2.2 Two Axes Drive in Polar Coordinates.- 2.3 Steady State Characteristics of Motors and Loads.- 2.4 Stable and Unstable Operating Points.- 3. Integration of the Simplified Equation of Motion.- 3.1 Solution of the Linearised Equation.- 3.1.1 Start of a Motor with Shunt-type Characteristic at No-load.- 3.1.2 Starting the Motor with a Load Torque Proportional to Speed.- 3.1.3 Loading Transient of the Motor Initially Running at No-load Speed.- 3.1.4 Starting of a DC Motor by Sequentially Short-circuiting Starting Resistors.- 3.2 Analytical Solution of Nonlinear Differential Equation.- 3.3 Numerical and Graphical Integration.- 4. Thermal Effects in Electrical Machines.- 4.1 Power Losses and Temperature Restrictions.- 4.2 Heating of a Homogeneous Body.- 4.3 Different Modes of Operation.- 4.3.1 Continuous Duty.- 4.3.2 Short Time Intermittent Duty.- 4.3.3 Periodic intermittent duty.- 5. Separately Excited DC Machine.- 5.1 Introduction.- 5.2 Mathematical Model of the DC Machine.- 5.3 Steady State Characteristics with Armature and Field Control.- 5.3.1 Armature Control.- 5.3.2 Field Control.- 5.3.3 Combined Armature and Field Control.- 5.4 Dynamic Behaviour of DC Motor with Constant Flux.- 6. DC Motor with Series Field Winding.- 6.1 Block Diagram of a Series-wound Motor.- 6.2 Steady State Characteristics.- 7. Control of a Separately Excited DC Machine.- 7.1 Introduction.- 7.2 Cascade Control of DC Motor in the Armature Control Region.- 7.3 Cascade Control of DC Motor in the Field-weakening Region.- 7.4 Supplying a DC Motor from a Rotating Generator.- 8. Static Converter as a Power Actuator for DC Drives.- 8.1 Electronic Switching Devices.- 8.2 Line-commutated Converter in Single-phase Bridge Connection.- 8.3 Line-commutated Converter in Three-phase Bridge Connection.- 8.4 Line-commutated Converters with Reduced Reactive Power.- 8.5 Control Loop Containing an Electronic Power Converter.- 9. Control of Converter-supplied DC Drives.- 9.1 DC Drive with Line-commutated Converter.- 9.2 DC Drives with Force-commutated Converters.- 10. Symmetrical Three-Phase AC Machines.- 10.1 Mathematical Model of a General AC Machine.- 10.2 Induction Motor with Sinusoidal Symmetrical Voltages in Steady State.- 10.2.1 Stator Current, Current Locus.- 10.2.2 Steady State Torque, Efficiency.- 10.2.3 Comparison with Practical Motor Designs.- 10.2.4 Starting of the Induction Motor.- 10.3 Induction Motor with Impressed Voltages of Arbitrary Wave- forms.- 10.4 Induction Motor with Unsymmetrical Line Voltages in Steady State.- 10.4.1 Symmetrical Components.- 10.4.2 Single-phase Induction Motor.- 10.4.3 Single-phase Electric Brake for AC Crane-Drives.- 10.4.4 Unsymmetrical Starting Circuit for Induction Motor.- 11. Power Supplies for Adjustable Speed AC Drives.- 11.1 Pulse width modulated (PWM) Voltage Source Transistor Converter (IGBT).- 11.2 Voltage Source PWM Thyristor Converter.- 11.3 Current Source Thyristor Converters.- 11.4 Converter Without DC Link (Cycloconverter).- 12. Control of Induction Motor Drives.- 12.1 Control of Induction Motor Based on Steady State Machine Model.- 12.2 Rotor Flux Orientated Control of Current-fed Induction Motor.- 12.2.1 Principle of Field Orientation.- 12.2.2 Acquisition of Flux Signals.- 12.2.3 Effects of Residual Lag of the Current Control Loops.- 12.2.4 Digital Signal Processing.- 12.2.5 Experimental Results.- 12.2.6 Effects of a Detuned Flux Model.- 12.3 Control of Voltage-fed Induction Motor.- 12.4 Field Orientated Control of Induction Motor with a Current Source Converter.- 12.5 Control of an Induction Motor Without a Mechanical Sensor.- 12.5.1 Machine Model in Stator Flux Coordinates.- 12.5.2 Example of an "Encoderless Control".- 12.5.3 Simulation and Experimental Results.- 12.6 Control of an Induction Motor Using a Combined Flux Model.- 13. Induction Motor Drive with Reduced Speed Range.- 13.1 Doubly-fed Induction Machine with Constant Stator Frequency and Field-orientated Rotor Current.- 13.2 Control of a Line-side Voltage Source Converter as a Reactive Power Compensator.- 13.3 Wound-Rotor Induction with Slip-Power Recovery.- 14. Variable Frequency Synchronous Motor Drives.- 14.1 Control of Synchronous Motors with PM Excitation.- 14.2 Synchronous Motor with Field- and Damper-Windings.- 14.3 Synchronous Motor with Load-commutated Inverter (LCI- Drive).- 15. Some Applications of Controlled Electrical Drives.- 15.1 Speed Controlled Drives.- 15.2 Lineax Position Control.- 15.3 Lineax Position Control with Moving Reference Point.- 15.4 Time-optimal Position Control with Fixed Reference Point.- 15.5 Time-optimal Position Control with Moving Reference Point.

2,833 citations

01 Jan 2006-
Abstract: Preface. Part One Introduction. 1. Introduction. 1.1 Introduction. 1.2 Technical Requirements and Challenges. 1.3 Converter Configurations. 1.4 MV Industrial Drives. 1.5 Summary. References. Appendix. 2. High-Power Semiconductor Devices. 2.1 Introduction. 2.2 High-Power Switching Devices. 2.3 Operation of Series-Connected Devices. 2.4 Summary. References. Part Two Multipulse Diode and SCR Rectifiers. 3. Multipulse Diode Rectifiers. 3.1 Introduction. 3.2 Six-Pulse Diode Rectifier. 3.3 Series-Type Multipulse Diode Rectifiers. 3.4 Separate-Type Multipulse Diode Rectifiers. 3.5 Summary.(c) References. 4. Multipulse SCR Rectifiers. 4.1 Introduction. 4.2 Six-Pulse SCR Rectifier. 4.3 12-Pulse SCR Rectifier. 4.4 18- and 24-Pulse SCR Rectifiers. 4.5 Summary. References. 5. Phase-Shifting Transformers. 5.1 Introduction. 5.2 Y/Z Phase-Shifting Transformers. 5.3 /Z Transformers. 5.4 Harmonic Current Cancellation. 5.5 Summary. Part Three Multilevel Voltage Source Converters. 6. Two-Level Voltage Source Inverter. 6.1 Introduction. 6.2 Sinusoidal PWM. 6.3 Space Vector Modulation. 6.4 Summary. References. 7. Cascaded H-Bridge Multilevel Inverters. 7.1 Introduction. 7.2 H-Bridge Inverter. 7.3 Multilevel Inverter Topologies. 7.4 Carrier Based PWM Schemes. 7.5 Staircase Modulation. 7.6 Summary. References. 8. Diode-Clamped Multilevel Inverters. 8.1 Introduction. 8.2 Three-Level Inverter. 8.3 Space Vector Modulation. 8.4 Neutral-Point Voltage Control. 8.5 Other Space Vector Modulation Algorithms. 8.6 High-Level Diode-Clamped Inverters. 8.7 Summary. References. Appendix. 9. Other Multilevel Voltage Source Inverters. 9.1 Introduction. 9.2 NPC/H-Bridge Inverter. 9.3 Multilevel Flying-Capacitor Inverters. 9.4 Summary. References. Part Four PWM Current Source Converters. 10. PWM Current Source Inverters. 10.1 Introduction. 10.2 PWM Current Source Inverter. 10.3 Space Vector Modulation. 10.4 Parallel Current Source Inverters. 10.5 Load-Commutated Inverter (LCI). 10.6 Summary. References. Appendix. 11. PWM Current Source Rectifiers. 11.1 Introduction. 11.2 Single-Bridge Current Source Rectifier. 11.3 Dual-Bridge Current Source Rectifier. 11.4 Power Factor Control . 11.5 Active Damping Control. 11.6 Summary. References. Appendix. Part Five High-Power AC Drives. 12. Voltage Source Inverter-Fed Drives. 12.1 Introduction. 12.2 Two-Level VBSI-Based MV Drives. 12.3 Neutral-Point Clamped (NPC) Inverter-Fed Drives. 12.4 Multilevel Cascaded H-Bridge (CHB) Inverter-Fed Drives. 12.5 NPC/H-Bridge Inverter-Fed Drives. 12.6 Summary. References. 13. Current Source Inverter-Fed Drives. 13.1 Introduction. 13.2 CSI Drives with PWM Rectifiers. 13.3 Transformerless CSI Drive for Standard AC Motors. 13.4 CSI Drive with Multipulse SCR Rectifier. 13.5 LCI Drives for Synchronous Motors. 13.6 Summary. References. 14. Advanced Drive Control Schemes. 14.1 Introduction. 14.2 Reference Frame Transformation. 14.3 Induction Motor Dynamic Models. 14.4 Principle of Field-Oriented Control (FOC). 14.5 Direct Field-Oriented Control. 14.6 Indirect Field-Oriented Control. 14.7 FOC for CSI-Fed Drives. 14.8 Direct Torque Control. 14.9 Summary. References. Abbreviations. Appendix Projects for Graduate-Level Courses. P. 1 Introduction. P. 2 Sample Project. P. 3 Answers to Sample Project. Index. About the Author.

1,701 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A review of recently used direct torque and flux control techniques for voltage inverter-fed induction and permanent-magnet synchronous motors and trends in the DTC-SVM techniques based on neuro-fuzzy logic controllers are presented.
Abstract: This paper presents a review of recently used direct torque and flux control (DTC) techniques for voltage inverter-fed induction and permanent-magnet synchronous motors. A variety of techniques, different in concept, are described as follows: switching-table-based hysteresis DTC, direct self control, constant-switching-frequency DTC with space-vector modulation (DTC-SVM). Also, trends in the DTC-SVM techniques based on neuro-fuzzy logic controllers are presented. Some oscillograms that illustrate properties of the presented techniques are shown.

1,163 citations

22 Jun 1989-
Abstract: Introduction: motion control systems why adjustable speed? structure of drive systems new technology which motor? - the d.c. and PM d.c. commutator motors, the induction motor drive, the brushless d.c. PM and PM a.c. synchronous motors. Part 1 Principles of sizing, gearing and torque production: sizing an electric motor choice of gear ratio in geared drives basic principles of torque production. Part 2 Permanent-magnet materials and circuits: B-H loop and demagnetization characteristics temperature effects - reversible and irreversible losses mechanical properties, handling and magnetization application of permanent magnets in motors. Part 3 Squarewave permanent-magnet brushless motor drives: why brushless d.c.? magnetic circuit analysis on open-circuit squarewave brushless motor - torque and e.m.f. equations torque/speed characteristic - performance and efficiency alternative formulations for torque and e.m.f. motors with 120 degrees and 180 degrees magnet arcs - commutation squarewave motor - winding inductances and armature reaction controllers computer simulation. Part 4 Sinewave permanent-magnet brushless motor drives: ideal sinewave motor - torque, e.m.f. and reactance sinewave motor with practical windings phasor diagram sinewave motor - circle diagram and torque/speed characteristic torque per ampere and kVa/kW of squarewave and sinewave motors permanent magnet versus electromagnetic excitation slotless motors ripple torque in sinewave motors. Part 5 Alternating-current drives with PM and synchronous-reluctance hybrid motors: rotors A.c. windings and inductances steady-state phasor diagram circle diagram and torque-speed characteristic cage-type motors. Part 6 Switched reluctance drives: the switched reluctance motor poles, phases and windings static torque production partition of energy and the effects of saturation dynamic torque production converter circuits control, current regulation, commutation solid rotors.

934 citations

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