About: Acacetin is a(n) research topic. Over the lifetime, 442 publication(s) have been published within this topic receiving 10458 citation(s). The topic is also known as: 5,7-Dihydroxy-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-4-benzopyrone & Linarigenin.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: The superoxide anions scavenging activity and antioxidation of seven flavonoids (quercetin, rutin, morin, acacetin, hispidulin, hesperidin, and naringin) were studied in this paper.
Abstract: The superoxide anions scavenging activity and antioxidation of seven flavonoids--quercetin, rutin, morin, acacetin, hispidulin, hesperidin, and naringin--were studied. The superoxide anions were generated in a phenazin methosulphate-NADH system and were assayed by reduction of nitroblue tetrazolium. The scavenging activity ranked: rutin was the strongest, and quercetin and naringin the second, while morin and hispidulin were very weak. The concentration values yielding 50% inhibition of lipid peroxidation in mouse liver homogenate were in order of 10(-6) M for quercetin, rutin, and morin; and of 10(-5) M for acacetin and hispidulin, while naringin and hesperidin had no antioxidative action. In comparison with the antioxidative and scavenging activities of flavonoids, there are no correlations.
03 Apr 2000-Toxicology
TL;DR: Hydroxy and/or methoxy substitutions at the 3' and 4' positions in the flavonoid structures were the major factors involved in conveying selectivity for the different cytochrome P450 enzymes.
Abstract: Interactions of six naturally occurring flavonoids (acacetin, diosmetin, eriodictyol, hesperetin, homoeriodictyol, and naringenin) with human cytochrome P450 (CYP1) enzymes were studied. The flavones acacetin and diosmetin were potent inhibitors of ethoxyresorufin O-dealkylase (EROD) activity of CYP1A and CYP1B1. Hydroxy and/or methoxy substitutions at the 3′ and 4′ positions in the flavonoid structures were the major factors involved in conveying selectivity for the different cytochrome P450 enzymes. Eriodictyol, homoeriodictyol and naringenin were very poor inhibitors of human CYP1A EROD activity (IC50>4 μM). Hesperetin and homoeriodictyol selectively inhibited human CYP1A1 and CYP1B1. Only homoeriodictyol selectively inhibited human CYP1B1 (IC50 0.24 μM). Hesperetin was O-demethylated by both human CYP1A1 and 1B1 to eriodictyol, which was then further metabolized by the same enzymes. Hesperetin was not metabolized by human CYP1A2 or CYP3A4.
TL;DR: A group of compounds other than doxantrazole are identified, which inhibit histamine secretion by MMC, and all compounds with the possible exception of taxifolin demonstrate significant activity against rat PMC.
Abstract: Quercetin, a naturally occurring flavonol structurally related to the antiallergic drug disodium cromoglycate inhibits anaphylactic histamine release from MMC isolated from the small bowel LP of the rat previously infected with the nematode Nippostrongylus brasiliensis. This contrasts with our previous observation that cromoglycate is inactive in this system. The present effect is immediate and does not decrease on preincubation with the drug. The flavonoids acacetin , apigenin , chrysin , and phloretin also demonstrate significant activity but are less potent than quercetin. Catechin, flavone, morin, and taxifolin are inactive. These results resemble those previously reported for the human basophil. In contrast, all compounds with the possible exception of taxifolin demonstrate significant activity against rat PMC. Acacetin and chrysin are the most effective inhibitors and are more active than quercetin. Rutin (the glycane of quercetin) and phlorezin (the glycane of phloretin) are inactive in both systems. These results are discussed in terms of the functional heterogeneity of mast cells from different sources and identify a group of compounds other than doxantrazole (reported previously), which inhibit histamine secretion by MMC.
TL;DR: According to the traditional usage of the plant for antiinflammation and analgesia, Leucas aspera was tested for its prostaglandin (PG) inhibitory and antioxidant activities and LA-8 was determined to be (-)-chicanine, the new antipode of the (+) compound by spectroscopic methods including CD and ORD.
Abstract: According to the traditional usage of the plant for antiinflammation and analgesia, Leucas aspera was tested for its prostaglandin (PG) inhibitory and antioxidant activities. The extract showed both activities, i.e., inhibition at 3 x 10(-4) g/ml against PGE(1)- and PGE(2)-induced contractions in guinea pig ileum and a 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging effect. The separation guided by the activities in these dual assay methods provided eight lignans and four flavonoids, LA-1- -12, among which LA-1- -7 and LA-10- -12 were identified as nectandrin B, meso-dihydroguaiaretic acid, macelignan, acacetin, apigenin 7-O-[6"-O-(p-coumaroyl)-beta-D-glucoside], chrysoeriol, apigenin, erythro-2-(4-allyl-2, 6-dimethoxyphenoxy)-1-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)propan-1-ol, myristargenol B, and machilin C, respectively. LA-8 was determined to be (-)-chicanine, the new antipode of the (+) compound, by spectroscopic methods including CD and ORD. Chiral-HPLC analysis of LA-9 showed that it was a mixture of two enantiomers, (7R, 8R)- and (7S, 8S)-licarin A. All of these components were first isolated from L. aspera. PG inhibition was observed in LA-1, LA-2, and LA-5, and antioxidant activity in LA-1- -3 and LA-8- -12.
TL;DR: A methanol extract from the flower heads of Chrysanthemum morifolium showed a suppressive effect on umu gene expression of the SOS response in Salmonella typhimurium TA1535/pSK1002 against the mutagen 2-(2-furyl)-3-(5-nitro-2-Furyl)acrylamide (furylfuramide).
Abstract: A methanol extract from the flower heads of Chrysanthemum morifolium showed a suppressive effect on umu gene expression of the SOS response in Salmonella typhimurium TA1535/pSK1002 against the mutagen 2-(2-furyl)-3-(5-nitro-2-furyl)acrylamide (furylfuramide). The methanol extract was re-extracted with hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, butanol, and water. The ethyl acetate fraction showed a suppressive effect. Suppressive compounds in the ethyl acetate fraction were isolated by silica gel column chromatography and identified as the flavonoids acacetin (1), apigenin (2), luteolin (3), and quercetin (4) by EI-MS, IR, and (1)H and 13C NMR spectroscopy. Compounds 1-4 suppressed the furylfuramide-induced SOS response in the umu test. Compounds 1-4 suppressed 60.2, 75.7, 90.0, and 66.6% of the SOS-inducing activity at a concentration of 0.70 micromol/ml. The ID50 (50% inhibitory dose) values of 1-4 were 0.62, 0.55, 0.44, and 0.59 micromol/ml. These compounds had the suppressive effects on umu gene expression of the SOS response against other mutagens, 4-nitroquinolin 1-oxide (4NQO) and N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG), which do not require liver-metabolizing enzymes. These compounds also showed the suppression of SOS-inducing activity against the other mutagens aflatoxin B1 (AfB1) and 3-amino-1,4-dimethyl-5H-pyrido[4,3-b]indole (Trp-P-1), which require liver-metabolizing enzymes, and UV irradiation. In addition to the antimutagenic activities of these compounds against furylfuramide, Trp-P-1 and activated Trp-P-1 were also assayed by the Ames test using S. typhimurium TA100.
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